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4 USC CHAPTER 4 – THE STATES

http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/04C4.txt
-CITE-
    4 USC CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES                                01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
                          CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES                      

-MISC1-
    Sec.
    101.        Oath by members of legislatures and officers.
    102.        Same; by whom administered.
    103.        Assent to purchase of lands for forts.
    104.        Tax on motor fuel sold on military or other
                 reservation; reports to State taxing authority.
    105.        State, etc., taxation affecting Federal areas; sales
                 or use tax.(!1)
    106.        Same; income tax.
    107.        Same; exception of United States, its
                 instrumentalities, and authorized purchasers
                 therefrom.
    108.        Same; jurisdiction of United States over Federal areas
                 unaffected.
    109.        Same; exception of Indians.
    110.        Same; definitions.
    111.        Same; taxation affecting Federal employees; income
                 tax.
    112.        Compacts between States for cooperation in prevention
                 of crime; consent of Congress.
    113.        Residence of Members of Congress for State income tax
                 laws.
    114.        Limitation on State income taxation of certain pension
                 income (!2)
    115.        Limitation on State authority to tax compensation paid
                 to individuals performing services at Fort Campbell,
                 Kentucky.
    116.        Rules for determining State and local government
                 treatment of charges related to mobile
                 telecommunications services.
    117.        Sourcing rules.
    118.        Limitations.
    119.        Electronic databases for nationwide standard numeric
                 jurisdictional codes.
    120.        Procedure if no electronic database provided.
    121.        Correction of erroneous data for place of primary use.
    122.        Determination of place of primary use.
    123.        Scope; special rules.
    124.        Definitions.
    125.        Nonseverability.
    126.        No inference.                                         

                                AMENDMENTS
      2000 - Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(b), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 633,
    added items 116 to 126.
      1998 - Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title X, Sec. 1075(a)(2), Oct.
    17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2138, added item 115.
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-95, Sec. 1(b), Jan. 10, 1996, 109 Stat. 980,
    added item 114.
      1977 - Pub. L. 95-67, Sec. 1(b), July 19, 1977, 91 Stat. 271,
    added item 113.
      1966 - Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 2(b), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 608,
    added item 111 and redesignated former item 111 as 112.
      1949 - Act May 24, 1949, ch. 139, Sec. 129(a), 63 Stat. 107,
    added item 111.

               CIVIL AND CRIMINAL JURISDICTION OVER INDIANS
      Amendment of State Constitutions to remove legal impediment to
    the assumption of civil and criminal jurisdiction in accordance
    with the provisions of section 1162 of Title 18 and section 1360 of
    Title 28, see act Aug. 15, 1953, ch. 505, Sec. 6, 67 Stat. 590, set
    out as a note under section 1360 of Title 28, Judiciary and
    Judicial Procedure.
      Consent of United States to other States to assume jurisdiction
    with respect to criminal offenses or civil causes of action, or
    with respect to both, as provided for in section 1162 of Title 18
    and section 1360 of Title 28, see act Aug. 15, 1953, ch. 505, Sec.
    7, 67 Stat. 590, set out as a note under section 1360 of Title 28.

-FOOTNOTE-
    (!1) So in original. Does not conform to section catchline.

    (!2) So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 101                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 101. Oath by members of legislatures and officers

-STATUTE-
      Every member of a State legislature, and every executive and
    judicial officer of a State, shall, before he proceeds to execute
    the duties of his office, take an oath in the following form, to
    wit: "I, A B, do solemnly swear that I will support the
    Constitution of the United States."

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 643.)

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 102                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 102. Same; by whom administered

-STATUTE-
      Such oath may be administered by any person who, by the law of
    the State, is authorized to administer the oath of office; and the
    person so administering such oath shall cause a record or
    certificate thereof to be made in the same manner, as by the law of
    the State, he is directed to record or certify the oath of office.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 644.)

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 103                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 103. Assent to purchase of lands for forts

-STATUTE-
      The President of the United States is authorized to procure the
    assent of the legislature of any State, within which any purchase
    of land has been made for the erection of forts, magazines,
    arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings, without such
    consent having been obtained.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 644.)

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 104                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 104. Tax on motor fuel sold on military or other reservation
      (!1) reports to State taxing authority

-STATUTE-

-STATUTE-
      (a) All taxes levied by any State, Territory, or the District of
    Columbia upon, with respect to, or measured by, sales, purchases,
    storage, or use of gasoline or other motor vehicle fuels may be
    levied, in the same manner and to the same extent, with respect to
    such fuels when sold by or through post exchanges, ship stores,
    ship service stores, commissaries, filling stations, licensed
    traders, and other similar agencies, located on United States
    military or other reservations, when such fuels are not for the
    exclusive use of the United States. Such taxes, so levied, shall be
    paid to the proper taxing authorities of the State, Territory, or
    the District of Columbia, within whose borders the reservation
    affected may be located.
      (b) The officer in charge of such reservation shall, on or before
    the fifteenth day of each month, submit a written statement to the
    proper taxing authorities of the State, Territory, or the District
    of Columbia within whose borders the reservation is located,
    showing the amount of such motor fuel with respect to which taxes
    are payable under subsection (a) for the preceding month.
      (c) As used in this section, the term "Territory" shall include
    Guam.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 644; Aug. 1, 1956, ch. 827, 70
    Stat. 799.)

-MISC1-
                                AMENDMENTS
      1956 - Subsec. (c) added by act Aug. 1, 1956.

     CIVIL AIRPORTS OWNED BY UNITED STATES SUBJECT TO SECTIONS 104 TO
     110; SALES OR USE TAXES: FUELS FOR AIRCRAFT OR OTHER SERVICING OF
              AIRCRAFT; LANDING OR TAKING OFF CHARGES; LEASES
      Section 210 of Pub. L. 91-258, title II, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat.
    253, provided that:
      "(a) Nothing in this title or in any other law of the United
    States shall prevent the application of sections 104 through 110 of
    title 4 of the United States Code to civil airports owned by the
    United States.
      "(b) Subsection (a) shall not apply to -
        "(1) sales or use taxes in respect of fuels for aircraft or in
      respect of other servicing of aircraft, or
        "(2) taxes, fees, head charges, or other charges in respect of
      the landing or taking off of aircraft or aircraft passengers or
      freight.
      "(c) In the case of any lease in effect on September 28, 1969,
    subsection (a) shall not authorize the levy or collection of any
    tax in respect of any transaction occurring, or any service
    performed, pursuant to such lease before the expiration of such
    lease (determined without regard to any renewal or extension of
    such lease made after September 28, 1969). For purposes of the
    preceding sentence, the term 'lease' includes a contract."

-FOOTNOTE-
    (!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a semicolon.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 105                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 105. State, and so forth, taxation affecting Federal areas;
      sales or use tax

-STATUTE-
      (a) No person shall be relieved from liability for payment of,
    collection of, or accounting for any sales or use tax levied by any
    State, or by any duly constituted taxing authority therein, having
    jurisdiction to levy such a tax, on the ground that the sale or
    use, with respect to which such tax is levied, occurred in whole or
    in part within a Federal area; and such State or taxing authority
    shall have full jurisdiction and power to levy and collect any such
    tax in any Federal area within such State to the same extent and
    with the same effect as though such area was not a Federal area.
      (b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall be applicable only
    with respect to sales or purchases made, receipts from sales
    received, or storage or use occurring, after December 31, 1940.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 644.)

-MISC1-
    TAXATION WITH RESPECT TO ESSENTIAL SUPPORT ACTIVITIES OR FUNCTIONS
    OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL PERSONS IN CONGRESSIONALLY-CONTROLLED LOCATIONS
                          IN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
      Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(i) [title III, Sec. 307], Dec. 22,
    1987, 101 Stat. 1329-290, 1329-309, as amended by Pub. L. 104-186,
    title II, Sec. 214, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1745, provided that:
      "(a) Notwithstanding section 105 of title 4, United States Code,
    or any other provision of law, no person shall be required to pay,
    collect, or account for any sales, use, or similar excise tax, or
    any personal property tax, with respect to an essential support
    activity or function conducted by a nongovernmental person in the
    Capitol, the House Office Buildings, the Senate Office Buildings,
    the Capitol Grounds, or any other location under the control of the
    Congress in the District of Columbia.
      "(b) As used in this section -
        "(1) the term 'essential support activity or function' means a
      support activity or function so designated by the Committee on
      House Oversight [now Committee on House Administration] of the
      House of Representatives or the Committee on Rules and
      Administration of the Senate, acting jointly or separately, as
      appropriate;
        "(2) the term 'personal property tax' means a tax of a State, a
      subdivision of a State, or any other authority of a State, that
      is levied on, levied with respect to, or measured by, the value
      of personal property;
        "(3) the term 'sales, use, or similar excise tax' means a tax
      of a State, a subdivision of a State, or any other authority of a
      State, that is levied on, levied with respect to, or measured by,
      sales, receipts from sales, or purchases, or by storage,
      possession, or use of personal property; and
        "(4) the term 'State' means a State of the United States, the
      District of Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United
      States.
      "(c) This section shall apply to any sale, receipt, purchase,
    storage, possession, use, or valuation taking place after December
    31, 1986."

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 106                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 106. Same; income tax

-STATUTE-
      (a) No person shall be relieved from liability for any income tax
    levied by any State, or by any duly constituted taxing authority
    therein, having jurisdiction to levy such a tax, by reason of his
    residing within a Federal area or receiving income from
    transactions occurring or services performed in such area; and such
    State or taxing authority shall have full jurisdiction and power to
    levy and collect such tax in any Federal area within such State to
    the same extent and with the same effect as though such area was
    not a Federal area.
      (b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall be applicable only
    with respect to income or receipts received after December 31,
    1940.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 644.)

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 107                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 107. Same; exception of United States, its instrumentalities,
      and authorized purchases (!1) therefrom

-STATUTE-

-STATUTE-
      (a) The provisions of sections 105 and 106 of this title shall
    not be deemed to authorize the levy or collection of any tax on or
    from the United States or any instrumentality thereof, or the levy
    or collection of any tax with respect to sale, purchase, storage,
    or use of tangible personal property sold by the United States or
    any instrumentality thereof to any authorized purchaser.
      (b) A person shall be deemed to be an authorized purchaser under
    this section only with respect to purchases which he is permitted
    to make from commissaries, ship's stores, or voluntary
    unincorporated organizations of personnel of any branch of the
    Armed Forces of the United States, under regulations promulgated by
    the departmental Secretary having jurisdiction over such branch.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 645; Sept. 3, 1954, ch. 1263,
    Sec. 4, 68 Stat. 1227.)

-MISC1-
                                AMENDMENTS
      1954 - Subsec. (b). Act Sept. 3, 1954, substituted "personnel of
    any branch of the Armed Forces of the United States" for "Army or
    Navy personnel".

-FOOTNOTE-
    (!1) So in original. Probably should be "purchasers".

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 108                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 108. Same; jurisdiction of United States over Federal areas
      unaffected

-STATUTE-
      The provisions of sections 105-110 of this title shall not for
    the purposes of any other provision of law be deemed to deprive the
    United States of exclusive jurisdiction over any Federal area over
    which it would otherwise have exclusive jurisdiction or to limit
    the jurisdiction of the United States over any Federal area.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 645.)

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 109                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 109. Same; exception of Indians

-STATUTE-
      Nothing in sections 105 and 106 of this title shall be deemed to
    authorize the levy or collection of any tax on or from any Indian
    not otherwise taxed.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 645.)

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 110                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 110. Same; definitions

-STATUTE-
      As used in sections 105-109 of this title -
      (a) The term "person" shall have the meaning assigned to it in
    section 3797 of title 26.
      (b) The term "sales or use tax" means any tax levied on, with
    respect to, or measured by, sales, receipts from sales, purchases,
    storage, or use of tangible personal property, except a tax with
    respect to which the provisions of section 104 of this title are
    applicable.
      (c) The term "income tax" means any tax levied on, with respect
    to, or measured by, net income, gross income, or gross receipts.
      (d) The term "State" includes any Territory or possession of the
    United States.
      (e) The term "Federal area" means any lands or premises held or
    acquired by or for the use of the United States or any department,
    establishment, or agency, of the United States; and any Federal
    area, or any part thereof, which is located within the exterior
    boundaries of any State, shall be deemed to be a Federal area
    located within such State.

-SOURCE-
    (July 30, 1947, ch. 389, 61 Stat. 645.)

-REFTEXT-
                            REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Section 3797 of title 26, referred to in subsec. (a), is a
    reference to section 3797 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939,
    which was repealed by section 7851 of the Internal Revenue Code of
    1954, Title 26, and is covered by section 7701(a)(1) of Title 26.
    The Internal Revenue Code of 1954 was redesignated the Internal
    Revenue Code of 1986 by Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100
    Stat. 2095. For table of comparisons of the 1939 Code to the 1986
    Code, see Table I preceding section 1 of Title 26, Internal Revenue
    Code. See also section 7852(b) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code,
    for provision that references in any other law to a provision of
    the 1939 Code, unless expressly incompatible with the intent
    thereof, shall be deemed a reference to the corresponding provision
    of the 1986 Code.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 111                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 111. Same; taxation affecting Federal employees; income tax

-STATUTE-
      (a) General Rule. - The United States consents to the taxation of
    pay or compensation for personal service as an officer or employee
    of the United States, a territory or possession or political
    subdivision thereof, the government of the District of Columbia, or
    an agency or instrumentality of one or more of the foregoing, by a
    duly constituted taxing authority having jurisdiction, if the
    taxation does not discriminate against the officer or employee
    because of the source of the pay or compensation.
      (b) Treatment of Certain Federal Employees Employed at Federal
    Hydroelectric Facilities Located on the Columbia River. - Pay or
    compensation paid by the United States for personal services as an
    employee of the United States at a hydroelectric facility -
        (1) which is owned by the United States;
        (2) which is located on the Columbia River; and
        (3) portions of which are within the States of Oregon and
      Washington,

    shall be subject to taxation by the State or any political
    subdivision thereof of which such employee is a resident.
      (c) Treatment of Certain Federal Employees Employed at Federal
    Hydroelectric Facilities Located on the Missouri River. - Pay or
    compensation paid by the United States for personal services as an
    employee of the United States at a hydroelectric facility -
        (1) which is owned by the United States;
        (2) which is located on the Missouri River; and
        (3) portions of which are within the States of South Dakota and
      Nebraska,

    shall be subject to taxation by the State or any political
    subdivision thereof of which such employee is a resident.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 2(c), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 608;
    amended Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title X, Sec. 1075(b)(1), Oct. 17,
    1998, 112 Stat. 2138.)

-MISC1-

                       HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
    --------------------------------------------------------------------
     Derivation             U.S. Code             Revised Statutes and
                                                    Statutes at Large
    --------------------------------------------------------------------
                    5 U.S.C. 84a                Apr. 12, 1939, ch. 59,
                                                 Sec. 4, 53 Stat. 575.
    --------------------------------------------------------------------

      The words "received after December 31, 1938," are omitted as
    obsolete. The words "pay or" are added before "compensation" for
    clarity as the word "pay" is used throughout title 5, United States
    Code, to refer to the remuneration, salary, wages, or compensation
    for the personal services of a Federal employee. The word
    "territory" is not capitalized as there are no longer any
    "Territories." The words "to tax such compensation" are omitted as
    unnecessary.

                                AMENDMENTS
      1998 - Pub. L. 105-261 designated existing provisions as subsec.
    (a), inserted heading, and added subsecs. (b) and (c).

                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT
      Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title X, Sec. 1075(b)(2), Oct. 17, 1998,
    112 Stat. 2139, provided that: "The amendment made by this
    subsection [amending this section] shall apply to pay and
    compensation paid after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct.
    17, 1998]."

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 112                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 112. Compacts between States for cooperation in prevention of
      crime; consent of Congress

-STATUTE-
      (a) The consent of Congress is hereby given to any two or more
    States to enter into agreements or compacts for cooperative effort
    and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime and in the
    enforcement of their respective criminal laws and policies, and to
    establish such agencies, joint or otherwise, as they may deem
    desirable for making effective such agreements and compacts.
      (b) For the purpose of this section, the term "States" means the
    several States and Alaska, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,
    the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the District of Columbia.

-SOURCE-
    (Added May 24, 1949, ch. 139, Sec. 129(b), 63 Stat. 107, Sec. 112,
    formerly Sec. 111; amended Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 941, 70 Stat. 1020;
    Pub. L. 87-406, Feb. 16, 1962, 76 Stat. 9; renumbered Sec. 112,
    Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 2(c), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 608.)

-MISC1-
                       HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTE
      This section [section 129(b) of Act May 24, 1949] incorporates in
    title 4, U.S.C. (enacted into positive law by act of July 30, 1947
    (ch. 389, Sec. 1, 61 Stat. 641), the provisions of former section
    420 of title 18, U.S.C. (act of June 6, 1934, ch. 406, 48 Stat.
    909), which, in the course of the revision of such title 18, was
    omitted therefrom and recommended for transfer to such title 4.
    (See table 7 - Transferred sections, p. A219, H. Rept. No. 304,
    April 24, 1947, to accompany H.R. 3190, 80th Cong.).

                                AMENDMENTS
      1962 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87-406 inserted "Guam" after "the
    Virgin Islands,".
      1956 - Act Aug. 3, 1956, designated existing provisions as
    subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).

                ADMISSION OF ALASKA AND HAWAII TO STATEHOOD
      Alaska was admitted into the Union on Jan. 3, 1959, on issuance
    of Proc. No. 3269, Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, and
    Hawaii was admitted into the Union on Aug. 21, 1959, on issuance of
    Proc. No. 3309, Aug. 21, 1959, 24 F.R. 6868, 73 Stat. c74. For
    Alaska Statehood Law, see Pub. L. 85-508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat.
    339, set out as a note preceding former section 21 of Title 48,
    Territories and Insular Possessions. For Hawaii Statehood Law, see
    Pub. L. 86-3, Mar. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 4, set out as a note
    preceding former section 491 of Title 48.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 113                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 113. Residence of Members of Congress for State income tax
      laws

-STATUTE-
      (a) No State, or political subdivision thereof, in which a Member
    of Congress maintains a place of abode for purposes of attending
    sessions of Congress may, for purposes of any income tax (as
    defined in section 110(c) of this title) levied by such State or
    political subdivision thereof -
        (1) treat such Member as a resident or domiciliary of such
      State or political subdivision thereof; or
        (2) treat any compensation paid by the United States to such
      Member as income for services performed within, or from sources
      within, such State or political subdivision thereof,

    unless such Member represents such State or a district in such
    State.
      (b) For purposes of subsection (a) -
        (1) the term "Member of Congress" includes the delegates from
      the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands, and the
      Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico; and
        (2) the term "State" includes the District of Columbia.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 95-67, Sec. 1(a), July 19, 1977, 91 Stat. 271.)

-MISC1-
                              EFFECTIVE DATE
      Section 1(c) of Pub. L. 95-67 provided that: "The amendments made
    by subsections (a) and (b) [enacting this section and amending
    analysis preceding section 101 of this title] shall be effective
    with respect to all taxable years, whether beginning before, on, or
    after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 19, 1977]."

    RESIDENCE OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FOR STATE PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX ON
                              MOTOR VEHICLES
      Pub. L. 99-190, Sec. 101(c) [H.R. 3067, Sec. 131], Dec. 19, 1985,
    99 Stat. 1224; Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 106, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.
    1329-433, provided that:
      "(a) No State, or political subdivision thereof, in which a
    Member of Congress maintains a place of abode for purposes of
    attending sessions of Congress may impose a personal property tax
    with respect to any motor vehicle owned by such Member (or by the
    spouse of such Member) unless such Member represents such State or
    a district in such State.
      "(b) For purposes of this section -
        "(1) the term 'Member of Congress' includes the delegates from
      the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands, and the
      Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico;
        "(2) the term 'State' includes the District of Columbia; and
        "(3) the term 'personal property tax' means any tax imposed on
      an annual basis and levied on, with respect to, or measured by,
      the market value or assessed value of an item of personal
      property.
      "(c) This section shall apply to all taxable periods beginning on
    or after January 1, 1985."

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 114                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 114. Limitation on State income taxation of certain pension
      income

-STATUTE-
      (a) No State may impose an income tax on any retirement income of
    an individual who is not a resident or domiciliary of such State
    (as determined under the laws of such State).
      (b) For purposes of this section -
        (1) The term "retirement income" means any income from -
          (A) a qualified trust under section 401(a) of the Internal
        Revenue Code of 1986 that is exempt under section 501(a) from
        taxation;
          (B) a simplified employee pension as defined in section
        408(k) of such Code;
          (C) an annuity plan described in section 403(a) of such Code;
          (D) an annuity contract described in section 403(b) of such
        Code;
          (E) an individual retirement plan described in section
        7701(a)(37) of such Code;
          (F) an eligible deferred compensation plan (as defined in
        section 457 of such Code);
          (G) a governmental plan (as defined in section 414(d) of such
        Code);
          (H) a trust described in section 501(c)(18) of such Code; or
          (I) any plan, program, or arrangement described in section
        3121(v)(2)(C) of such Code (or any plan, program, or
        arrangement that is in writing, that provides for retirement
        payments in recognition of prior service to be made to a
        retired partner, and that is in effect immediately before
        retirement begins), if such income -
            (i) is part of a series of substantially equal periodic
          payments (not less frequently than annually which may include
          income described in subparagraphs (A) through (H)) made for -

              (I) the life or life expectancy of the recipient (or the
            joint lives or joint life expectancies of the recipient and
            the designated beneficiary of the recipient), or
              (II) a period of not less than 10 years, or

            (ii) is a payment received after termination of employment
          and under a plan, program, or arrangement (to which such
          employment relates) maintained solely for the purpose of
          providing retirement benefits for employees in excess of the
          limitations imposed by 1 or more of sections 401(a)(17),
          401(k), 401(m), 402(g), 403(b), 408(k), or 415 of such Code
          or any other limitation on contributions or benefits in such
          Code on plans to which any of such sections apply.

        The fact that payments may be adjusted from time to time
        pursuant to such plan, program, or arrangement to limit total
        disbursements under a predetermined formula, or to provide cost
        of living or similar adjustments, will not cause the periodic
        payments provided under such plan, program, or arrangement to
        fail the "substantially equal periodic payments" test.

      Such term includes any retired or retainer pay of a member or
      former member of a uniform service computed under chapter 71 of
      title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term "income tax" has the meaning given such term by
      section 110(c).
        (3) The term "State" includes any political subdivision of a
      State, the District of Columbia, and the possessions of the
      United States.
        (4) For purposes of this section, the term "retired partner" is
      an individual who is described as a partner in section 7701(a)(2)
      of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and who is retired under
      such individual's partnership agreement.

      (e) (!1) Nothing in this section shall be construed as having any
    effect on the application of section 514 of the Employee Retirement
    Income Security Act of 1974.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 104-95, Sec. 1(a), Jan. 10, 1996, 109 Stat. 979;
    amended Pub. L. 109-264, Sec. 1(a), Aug. 3, 2006, 120 Stat. 667.)

-REFTEXT-
                            REFERENCES IN TEXT
      The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (b)(1),
    (4), is classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.
      Section 514 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of
    1974, referred to in subsec. (e), is classified to section 1144 of
    Title 29, Labor.

-MISC1-
                                AMENDMENTS
      2006 - Subsec. (b)(1)(I). Pub. L. 109-264, Sec. 1(a)(1)-(3),
    inserted "(or any plan, program, or arrangement that is in writing,
    that provides for retirement payments in recognition of prior
    service to be made to a retired partner, and that is in effect
    immediately before retirement begins)" after "section 3121(v)(2)(C)
    of such Code" in introductory provisions, "which may include income
    described in subparagraphs (A) through (H)" after "(not less
    frequently than annually" in cl. (i), and concluding provisions at
    end.
      Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 109-264, Sec. 1(a)(4), which directed the
    addition of par. (4) at end of subsec. (b)(1)(I), was executed by
    adding par. (4) at end of subsec. (b) to reflect the probable
    intent of Congress.

                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2006 AMENDMENT
      Pub. L. 109-264, Sec. 1(b), Aug. 3, 2006, 120 Stat. 667, provided
    that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section]
    apply to amounts received after December 31, 1995."

                              EFFECTIVE DATE
      Section 1(c) of Pub. L. 104-95 provided that: "The amendments
    made by this section [enacting this section] shall apply to amounts
    received after December 31, 1995."

-FOOTNOTE-
    (!1) So in original. No subsecs. (c) and (d) have been enacted.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 115                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 115. Limitation on State authority to tax compensation paid to
      individuals performing services at Fort Campbell, Kentucky

-STATUTE-
      Pay and compensation paid to an individual for personal services
    at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, shall be subject to taxation by the
    State or any political subdivision thereof of which such employee
    is a resident.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title X, Sec. 1075(a)(1), Oct. 17,
    1998, 112 Stat. 2138.)

-MISC1-
                              EFFECTIVE DATE
      Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title X, Sec. 1075(a)(3), Oct. 17, 1998,
    112 Stat. 2138, provided that: "The amendments made by this
    subsection [enacting this section] shall apply to pay and
    compensation paid after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct.
    17, 1998]."

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 116                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 116. Rules for determining State and local government
      treatment of charges related to mobile telecommunications
      services

-STATUTE-
      (a) Application of This Section Through Section 126. - This
    section through (!1) 126 of this title apply to any tax, charge, or
    fee levied by a taxing jurisdiction as a fixed charge for each
    customer or measured by gross amounts charged to customers for
    mobile telecommunications services, regardless of whether such tax,
    charge, or fee is imposed on the vendor or customer of the service
    and regardless of the terminology used to describe the tax, charge,
    or fee.

      (b) General Exceptions. - This section through (!1) 126 of this
    title do not apply to -
        (1) any tax, charge, or fee levied upon or measured by the net
      income, capital stock, net worth, or property value of the
      provider of mobile telecommunications service;
        (2) any tax, charge, or fee that is applied to an equitably
      apportioned amount that is not determined on a transactional
      basis;
        (3) any tax, charge, or fee that represents compensation for a
      mobile telecommunications service provider's use of public rights
      of way or other public property, provided that such tax, charge,
      or fee is not levied by the taxing jurisdiction as a fixed charge
      for each customer or measured by gross amounts charged to
      customers for mobile telecommunication services;
        (4) any generally applicable business and occupation tax that
      is imposed by a State, is applied to gross receipts or gross
      proceeds, is the legal liability of the home service provider,
      and that statutorily allows the home service provider to elect to
      use the sourcing method required in this section through (!1) 126
      of this title;
        (5) any fee related to obligations under section 254 of the
      Communications Act of 1934; or
        (6) any tax, charge, or fee imposed by the Federal
      Communications Commission.

      (c) Specific Exceptions. - This section through (!1) 126 of this
    title -
        (1) do not apply to the determination of the taxing situs of
      prepaid telephone calling services;
        (2) do not affect the taxability of either the initial sale of
      mobile telecommunications services or subsequent resale of such
      services, whether as sales of such services alone or as a part of
      a bundled product, if the Internet Tax Freedom Act would preclude
      a taxing jurisdiction from subjecting the charges of the sale of
      such services to a tax, charge, or fee, but this section provides
      no evidence of the intent of Congress with respect to the
      applicability of the Internet Tax Freedom Act to such charges;
      and
        (3) do not apply to the determination of the taxing situs of
      air-ground radiotelephone service as defined in section 22.99 of
      title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations as in effect on June
      1, 1999.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 626.)

-REFTEXT-
                            REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Section 254 of the Communications Act of 1934, referred to in
    subsec. (b)(5), is classified to section 254 of Title 47,
    Telegraphs, Telephones, and Radiotelegraphs.
      The Internet Tax Freedom Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), is
    title XI of Pub. L. 105-277, div. C, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-
    719, which is set out as a note under section 151 of Title 47,
    Telegraphs, Telephones, and Radiotelegraphs.

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 3, July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 633, provided
    that:
      "(a) Effective Date. - Except as provided in subsection (b), this
    Act [enacting this section and sections 117 to 126 of this title
    and provisions set out as a note under section 1 of this title] and
    the amendment made by this Act shall take effect on the date of the
    enactment of this Act [July 28, 2000].
      "(b) Application of Act. - The amendment made by this Act
    [enacting this section and sections 117 to 126 of this title] shall
    apply only to customer bills issued after the first day of the
    first month beginning more than 2 years after the date of the
    enactment of this Act [July 28, 2000]."

-FOOTNOTE-
    (!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by "section".

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 117                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 117. Sourcing rules

-STATUTE-
      (a) Treatment of Charges for Mobile Telecommunications Services. -
     Notwithstanding the law of any State or political subdivision of
    any State, mobile telecommunications services provided in a taxing
    jurisdiction to a customer, the charges for which are billed by or
    for the customer's home service provider, shall be deemed to be
    provided by the customer's home service provider.
      (b) Jurisdiction. - All charges for mobile telecommunications
    services that are deemed to be provided by the customer's home
    service provider under sections 116 through 126 of this title are
    authorized to be subjected to tax, charge, or fee by the taxing
    jurisdictions whose territorial limits encompass the customer's
    place of primary use, regardless of where the mobile
    telecommunication services originate, terminate, or pass through,
    and no other taxing jurisdiction may impose taxes, charges, or fees
    on charges for such mobile telecommunications services.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 627.)

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 118                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 118. Limitations

-STATUTE-
      Sections 116 through 126 of this title do not -
        (1) provide authority to a taxing jurisdiction to impose a tax,
      charge, or fee that the laws of such jurisdiction do not
      authorize such jurisdiction to impose; or
        (2) modify, impair, supersede, or authorize the modification,
      impairment, or supersession of the law of any taxing jurisdiction
      pertaining to taxation except as expressly provided in sections
      116 through 126 of this title.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 627.)

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 119                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 119. Electronic databases for nationwide standard numeric
      jurisdictional codes

-STATUTE-
      (a) Electronic Database. -
        (1) Provision of database. - A State may provide an electronic
      database to a home service provider or, if a State does not
      provide such an electronic database to home service providers,
      then the designated database provider may provide an electronic
      database to a home service provider.
        (2) Format. - (A) Such electronic database, whether provided by
      the State or the designated database provider, shall be provided
      in a format approved by the American National Standards
      Institute's Accredited Standards Committee X12, that, allowing
      for de minimis deviations, designates for each street address in
      the State, including to the extent practicable, any multiple
      postal street addresses applicable to one street location, the
      appropriate taxing jurisdictions, and the appropriate code for
      each taxing jurisdiction, for each level of taxing jurisdiction,
      identified by one nationwide standard numeric code.
        (B) Such electronic database shall also provide the appropriate
      code for each street address with respect to political
      subdivisions which are not taxing jurisdictions when reasonably
      needed to determine the proper taxing jurisdiction.
        (C) The nationwide standard numeric codes shall contain the
      same number of numeric digits with each digit or combination of
      digits referring to the same level of taxing jurisdiction
      throughout the United States using a format similar to FIPS 55-3
      or other appropriate standard approved by the Federation of Tax
      Administrators and the Multistate Tax Commission, or their
      successors. Each address shall be provided in standard postal
      format.

      (b) Notice; Updates. - A State or designated database provider
    that provides or maintains an electronic database described in
    subsection (a) shall provide notice of the availability of the then
    current electronic database, and any subsequent revisions thereof,
    by publication in the manner normally employed for the publication
    of informational tax, charge, or fee notices to taxpayers in such
    State.
      (c) User Held Harmless. - A home service provider using the data
    contained in an electronic database described in subsection (a)
    shall be held harmless from any tax, charge, or fee liability that
    otherwise would be due solely as a result of any error or omission
    in such database provided by a State or designated database
    provider. The home service provider shall reflect changes made to
    such database during a calendar quarter not later than 30 days
    after the end of such calendar quarter for each State that issues
    notice of the availability of an electronic database reflecting
    such changes under subsection (b).

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 627.)

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 120                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 120. Procedure if no electronic database provided

-STATUTE-
      (a) Safe Harbor. - If neither a State nor designated database
    provider provides an electronic database under section 119, a home
    service provider shall be held harmless from any tax, charge, or
    fee liability in such State that otherwise would be due solely as a
    result of an assignment of a street address to an incorrect taxing
    jurisdiction if, subject to section 121, the home service provider
    employs an enhanced zip code to assign each street address to a
    specific taxing jurisdiction for each level of taxing jurisdiction
    and exercises due diligence at each level of taxing jurisdiction to
    ensure that each such street address is assigned to the correct
    taxing jurisdiction. If an enhanced zip code overlaps boundaries of
    taxing jurisdictions of the same level, the home service provider
    must designate one specific jurisdiction within such enhanced zip
    code for use in taxing the activity for such enhanced zip code for
    each level of taxing jurisdiction. Any enhanced zip code assignment
    changed in accordance with section 121 is deemed to be in
    compliance with this section. For purposes of this section, there
    is a rebuttable presumption that a home service provider has
    exercised due diligence if such home service provider demonstrates
    that it has -
        (1) expended reasonable resources to implement and maintain an
      appropriately detailed electronic database of street address
      assignments to taxing jurisdictions;
        (2) implemented and maintained reasonable internal controls to
      promptly correct misassignments of street addresses to taxing
      jurisdictions; and
        (3) used all reasonably obtainable and usable data pertaining
      to municipal annexations, incorporations, reorganizations and any
      other changes in jurisdictional boundaries that materially affect
      the accuracy of such database.

      (b) Termination of Safe Harbor. - Subsection (a) applies to a
    home service provider that is in compliance with the requirements
    of subsection (a), with respect to a State for which an electronic
    database is not provided under section 119 until the later of -
        (1) 18 months after the nationwide standard numeric code
      described in section 119(a) has been approved by the Federation
      of Tax Administrators and the Multistate Tax Commission; or
        (2) 6 months after such State or a designated database provider
      in such State provides such database as prescribed in section
      119(a).

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 628.)

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 121                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 121. Correction of erroneous data for place of primary use

-STATUTE-
      (a) (!1) In General. - A taxing jurisdiction, or a State on
    behalf of any taxing jurisdiction or taxing jurisdictions within
    such State, may - 

        (1) determine that the address used for purposes of determining
      the taxing jurisdictions to which taxes, charges, or fees for
      mobile telecommunications services are remitted does not meet the
      definition of place of primary use in section 124(8) and give
      binding notice to the home service provider to change the place
      of primary use on a prospective basis from the date of notice of
      determination if -
          (A) if the taxing jurisdiction making such determination is
        not a State, such taxing jurisdiction obtains the consent of
        all affected taxing jurisdictions within the State before
        giving such notice of determination; and
          (B) before the taxing jurisdiction gives such notice of
        determination, the customer is given an opportunity to
        demonstrate in accordance with applicable State or local tax,
        charge, or fee administrative procedures that the address is
        the customer's place of primary use;

        (2) determine that the assignment of a taxing jurisdiction by a
      home service provider under section 120 does not reflect the
      correct taxing jurisdiction and give binding notice to the home
      service provider to change the assignment on a prospective basis
      from the date of notice of determination if -
          (A) if the taxing jurisdiction making such determination is
        not a State, such taxing jurisdiction obtains the consent of
        all affected taxing jurisdictions within the State before
        giving such notice of determination; and
          (B) the home service provider is given an opportunity to
        demonstrate in accordance with applicable State or local tax,
        charge, or fee administrative procedures that the assignment
        reflects the correct taxing jurisdiction.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 629.)

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-
    (!1) So in original. No subsec. (b) was enacted.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 122                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 122. Determination of place of primary use

-STATUTE-
      (a) Place of Primary Use. - A home service provider shall be
    responsible for obtaining and maintaining the customer's place of
    primary use (as defined in section 124). Subject to section 121,
    and if the home service provider's reliance on information provided
    by its customer is in good faith, a taxing jurisdiction shall -
        (1) allow a home service provider to rely on the applicable
      residential or business street address supplied by the home
      service provider's customer; and
        (2) not hold a home service provider liable for any additional
      taxes, charges, or fees based on a different determination of the
      place of primary use for taxes, charges, or fees that are
      customarily passed on to the customer as a separate itemized
      charge.

      (b) Address Under Existing Agreements. - Except as provided in
    section 121, a taxing jurisdiction shall allow a home service
    provider to treat the address used by the home service provider for
    tax purposes for any customer under a service contract or agreement
    in effect 2 years after the date of the enactment of the Mobile
    Telecommunications Sourcing Act as that customer's place of primary
    use for the remaining term of such service contract or agreement,
    excluding any extension or renewal of such service contract or
    agreement, for purposes of determining the taxing jurisdictions to
    which taxes, charges, or fees on charges for mobile
    telecommunications services are remitted.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 630.)

-REFTEXT-
                            REFERENCES IN TEXT
      The date of the enactment of the Mobile Telecommunications
    Sourcing Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is the date of enactment
    of Pub. L. 106-252, which was approved July 28, 2000.

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 123                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 123. Scope; special rules

-STATUTE-
      (a) Act Does Not Supersede Customer's Liability to Taxing
    Jurisdiction. - Nothing in sections 116 through 126 modifies,
    impairs, supersedes, or authorizes the modification, impairment, or
    supersession of, any law allowing a taxing jurisdiction to collect
    a tax, charge, or fee from a customer that has failed to provide
    its place of primary use.
      (b) Additional Taxable Charges. - If a taxing jurisdiction does
    not otherwise subject charges for mobile telecommunications
    services to taxation and if these charges are aggregated with and
    not separately stated from charges that are subject to taxation,
    then the charges for nontaxable mobile telecommunications services
    may be subject to taxation unless the home service provider can
    reasonably identify charges not subject to such tax, charge, or fee
    from its books and records that are kept in the regular course of
    business.
      (c) Nontaxable Charges. - If a taxing jurisdiction does not
    subject charges for mobile telecommunications services to taxation,
    a customer may not rely upon the nontaxability of charges for
    mobile telecommunications services unless the customer's home
    service provider separately states the charges for nontaxable
    mobile telecommunications services from taxable charges or the home
    service provider elects, after receiving a written request from the
    customer in the form required by the provider, to provide
    verifiable data based upon the home service provider's books and
    records that are kept in the regular course of business that
    reasonably identifies the nontaxable charges.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 630.)

-REFTEXT-
                            REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Act, referred to in subsec. (a), probably means the Mobile
    Telecommunications Sourcing Act, Pub. L. 106-252, July 28, 2000,
    114 Stat. 626, which enacted sections 116 to 126 of this title and
    provisions set out as notes under sections 1 and 116 of this title.
    For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short
    Title of 2000 Amendment note set out under section 1 of this title
    and Tables.

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 124                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 124. Definitions

-STATUTE-
      In sections 116 through 126 of this title:
        (1) Charges for mobile telecommunications services. - The term
      "charges for mobile telecommunications services" means any charge
      for, or associated with, the provision of commercial mobile radio
      service, as defined in section 20.3 of title 47 of the Code of
      Federal Regulations as in effect on June 1, 1999, or any charge
      for, or associated with, a service provided as an adjunct to a
      commercial mobile radio service, that is billed to the customer
      by or for the customer's home service provider regardless of
      whether individual transmissions originate or terminate within
      the licensed service area of the home service provider.
        (2) Customer. -
          (A) In general. - The term "customer" means -
            (i) the person or entity that contracts with the home
          service provider for mobile telecommunications services; or
            (ii) if the end user of mobile telecommunications services
          is not the contracting party, the end user of the mobile
          telecommunications service, but this clause applies only for
          the purpose of determining the place of primary use.

          (B) The term "customer" does not include -
            (i) a reseller of mobile telecommunications service; or
            (ii) a serving carrier under an arrangement to serve the
          customer outside the home service provider's licensed service
          area.

        (3) Designated database provider. - The term "designated
      database provider" means a corporation, association, or other
      entity representing all the political subdivisions of a State
      that is -
          (A) responsible for providing an electronic database
        prescribed in section 119(a) if the State has not provided such
        electronic database; and
          (B) approved by municipal and county associations or leagues
        of the State whose responsibility it would otherwise be to
        provide such database prescribed by sections 116 through 126 of
        this title.

        (4) Enhanced zip code. - The term "enhanced zip code" means a
      United States postal zip code of 9 or more digits.
        (5) Home service provider. - The term "home service provider"
      means the facilities-based carrier or reseller with which the
      customer contracts for the provision of mobile telecommunications
      services.
        (6) Licensed service area. - The term "licensed service area"
      means the geographic area in which the home service provider is
      authorized by law or contract to provide commercial mobile radio
      service to the customer.
        (7) Mobile telecommunications service. - The term "mobile
      telecommunications service" means commercial mobile radio
      service, as defined in section 20.3 of title 47 of the Code of
      Federal Regulations as in effect on June 1, 1999.
        (8) Place of primary use. - The term "place of primary use"
      means the street address representative of where the customer's
      use of the mobile telecommunications service primarily occurs,
      which must be -
          (A) the residential street address or the primary business
        street address of the customer; and
          (B) within the licensed service area of the home service
        provider.

        (9) Prepaid telephone calling services. - The term "prepaid
      telephone calling service" means the right to purchase
      exclusively telecommunications services that must be paid for in
      advance, that enables the origination of calls using an access
      number, authorization code, or both, whether manually or
      electronically dialed, if the remaining amount of units of
      service that have been prepaid is known by the provider of the
      prepaid service on a continuous basis.
        (10) Reseller. - The term "reseller" -
          (A) means a provider who purchases telecommunications
        services from another telecommunications service provider and
        then resells, uses as a component part of, or integrates the
        purchased services into a mobile telecommunications service;
        and
          (B) does not include a serving carrier with which a home
        service provider arranges for the services to its customers
        outside the home service provider's licensed service area.

        (11) Serving carrier. - The term "serving carrier" means a
      facilities-based carrier providing mobile telecommunications
      service to a customer outside a home service provider's or
      reseller's licensed service area.
        (12) Taxing jurisdiction. - The term "taxing jurisdiction"
      means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, or any
      territory or possession of the United States, any municipality,
      city, county, township, parish, transportation district, or
      assessment jurisdiction, or any other political subdivision
      within the territorial limits of the United States with the
      authority to impose a tax, charge, or fee.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 631.)

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 125                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 125. Nonseverability

-STATUTE-
      If a court of competent jurisdiction enters a final judgment on
    the merits that -
        (1) is based on Federal law;
        (2) is no longer subject to appeal; and
        (3) substantially limits or impairs the essential elements of
      sections 116 through 126 of this title,

    then sections 116 through 126 of this title are invalid and have no
    legal effect as of the date of entry of such judgment.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 632.)

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-
    4 USC Sec. 126                                              01/07/2011

-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 4 - FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
    CHAPTER 4 - THE STATES

-HEAD-
    Sec. 126. No inference

-STATUTE-
      (a) Internet Tax Freedom Act. - Nothing in sections 116 through
    this section of this title shall be construed as bearing on
    Congressional intent in enacting the Internet Tax Freedom Act or to
    modify or supersede the operation of such Act.
      (b) Telecommunications Act of 1996. - Nothing in sections 116
    through this section of this title shall limit or otherwise affect
    the implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 or the
    amendments made by such Act.

-SOURCE-
    (Added Pub. L. 106-252, Sec. 2(a), July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 632.)

-REFTEXT-
                            REFERENCES IN TEXT
      The Internet Tax Freedom Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is
    title XI of Pub. L. 105-277, div. C, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-
    719, which is set out as a note under section 151 of Title 47,
    Telegraphs, Telephones, and Radiotelegraphs.
      The Telecommunications Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (b),
    is Pub. L. 104-104, Feb. 8, 1996, 110 Stat. 56. For complete
    classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1996
    Amendment note set out under section 609 of Title 47, Telegraphs,
    Telephones, and Radiotelegraphs, and Tables.

-MISC1-
                 EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT
      Section effective July 28, 2000, and applicable only to customer
    bills issued after the first day of the first month beginning more
    than 2 years after July 28, 2000, see section 3 of Pub. L. 106-252,
    set out as a note under section 116 of this title.

-End-

49 USC SUBCHAPTER I – TRANSPORTATION – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30101‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30101. Purpose and policy

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The purpose of this chapter is to reduce traffic accidents and
‚ ‚ ‚  deaths and injuries resulting from traffic accidents. Therefore it
‚ ‚ ‚  is necessary –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to prescribe motor vehicle safety standards for motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles and motor vehicle equipment in interstate commerce; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to carry out needed safety research and development.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 941.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30101‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1381.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 1, 80 Stat. 718.
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The words “Congress hereby declares that”, “to persons”, and
‚ ‚ ‚  “Congress determines that” are omitted as surplus. The words “motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle” before “equipment” are added for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “and to expand the national driver register” are omitted because
‚ ‚ ‚  section 401 of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  1966 (Public Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730), the only section in this
‚ ‚ ‚  law related to the national driver register, was superseded by the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1740).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 2007 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 110-140, title I, Sec. 101, Dec. 19, 2007, 121 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1498, provided that: “This subtitle [subtitle A (Secs. 101-113) of
‚ ‚ ‚  title I of Pub. L. 110-140, enacting section 32304A of this title,
‚ ‚ ‚  amending sections 32308, 32901 to 32904, 32905, 32906, 32908, and
‚ ‚ ‚  32912 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 32902, 32904, and 32908 of this title] may be cited as the
‚ ‚ ‚  ‘Ten-in-Ten Fuel Economy Act’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 2005 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title IV, Sec. 4001, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1714, provided that: “This title [see Tables for classification]
‚ ‚ ‚  may be cited as the ‘Motor Carrier Safety Reauthorization Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  2005’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 2000 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 1, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1800, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “This Act [enacting section 30170 of this title, amending
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30115, 30117, 30118, 30120, 30165, and 30166 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30111, 30115, 30118, 30123, and 30127 of this title] may be cited
‚ ‚ ‚  as the ‘Transportation Recall Enhancement, Accountability, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Documentation (TREAD) Act’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 1998 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7101, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  465, provided that: “This subtitle [subtitle A (Secs. 7101-7107) of
‚ ‚ ‚  title VII of Pub. L. 105-178, enacting section 30105 of this title,
‚ ‚ ‚  amending sections 30104, 30114, 30120, 30123, 30127, 32102, 32304,
‚ ‚ ‚  and 32705 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section and sections 30114 and 30127 of this title] may
‚ ‚ ‚  be cited as the ‘National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
‚ ‚ ‚  Reauthorization Act of 1998’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 1996 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 1, July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “This Act [amending sections 30501 to 30505 and 33109 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 30502
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title] may be cited as the ‘Anti-Car Theft Improvements Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of 1996’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SIDE-IMPACT CRASH PROTECTION RULEMAKING‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10302, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1940, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Rulemaking. – The Secretary [of Transportation] shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete a rulemaking proceeding under chapter 301 of title 49,
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code, to establish a standard designed to enhance
‚ ‚ ‚  passenger motor vehicle occupant protection, in all seating
‚ ‚ ‚  positions, in side impact crashes. The Secretary shall issue a
‚ ‚ ‚  final rule by July 1, 2008.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Deadlines. – If the Secretary determines that the deadline
‚ ‚ ‚  for a final rule under this section cannot be met, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) notify the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Energy and Commerce and explain why that deadline cannot be met;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) establish a new deadline.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  VEHICLE BACKOVER AVOIDANCE TECHNOLOGY STUDY; NONTRAFFIC INCIDENT
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  DATA COLLECTION
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Secs. 10304, 10305, Aug. 10, 2005, 119
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1940, 1941, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 10304. VEHICLE BACKOVER AVOIDANCE TECHNOLOGY STUDY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – The Administrator of the National Highway
‚ ‚ ‚  Traffic Safety Administration shall conduct a study of effective
‚ ‚ ‚  methods for reducing the incidence of injury and death outside of
‚ ‚ ‚  parked passenger motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating
‚ ‚ ‚  of not more than 10,000 pounds attributable to movement of such
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles. The Administrator shall complete the study within 1 year
‚ ‚ ‚  after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005] and report
‚ ‚ ‚  its findings to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee on Energy
‚ ‚ ‚  and Commerce not later than 15 months after the date of enactment
‚ ‚ ‚  of this Act.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Specific Issues To Be Covered. – The study required by
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) include an analysis of backover prevention technology;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) identify, evaluate, and compare the available technologies
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for detecting people or objects behind a motor vehicle with a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  their accuracy, effectiveness, cost, and feasibility for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  installation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) provide an estimate of cost savings that would result from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  widespread use of backover prevention devices and technologies in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than 10,000 pounds, including savings attributable to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prevention of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) injuries and fatalities; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) damage to bumpers and other motor vehicle parts and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  damage to other objects.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 10305. NONTRAFFIC INCIDENT DATA COLLECTION.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – In conjunction with the study required in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 10304, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish a method to collect and maintain data on the number
‚ ‚ ‚  and types of injuries and deaths involving motor vehicles with a
‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds in non-
‚ ‚ ‚  traffic incidents.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Data Collection and Publication. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall publish the data collected under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) no less frequently than biennially.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  STUDY ON INTERIOR DEVICE TO RELEASE TRUNK LID‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(e), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  469, required the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to
‚ ‚ ‚  conduct a study of the benefits to motor vehicle drivers of a
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation to require the installation in a motor vehicle of an
‚ ‚ ‚  interior device to release the trunk lid and to submit a report on
‚ ‚ ‚  the results of the study to the Committee on Commerce of the House
‚ ‚ ‚  of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation of the Senate not later than 18 months after June 9,
‚ ‚ ‚  1998.

‚ ‚ ‚  NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AUTHORIZATION ACT OF
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1991
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 102-240, title II, part B, Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2081,
‚ ‚ ‚  as amended by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1379, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2500. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This part may be cited as the ‘National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration Authorization Act of 1991’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[SEC. 2501. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108 Stat. 1379.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2502. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Definitions. – As used in this part –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the term ‘bus’ means a motor vehicle with motive power,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  except a trailer, designed for carrying more than 10 persons;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) the term ‘multipurpose passenger vehicle’ means a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle with motive power (except a trailer), designed to carry
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10 persons or fewer, which is constructed either on a truck
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chassis or with special features for occasional off-road
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operation;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) the term ‘passenger car’ means a motor vehicle with motive
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  power (except a multipurpose passenger vehicle, motorcycle, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trailer), designed for carrying 10 persons or fewer;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) the term ‘truck’ means a motor vehicle with motive power,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  except a trailer, designed primarily for the transportation of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  property or special purpose equipment; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Procedure. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – Except as provided in paragraph (2), any
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action taken under section 2503 shall be taken in accordance with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the applicable provisions of the National Traffic and Motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Specific procedure. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) Initiation. – To initiate an action under section 2503,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall, not later than May 31, 1992, publish in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Federal Register an advance notice of proposed rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or a notice of proposed rulemaking, except that if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary is unable to publish such a notice by such date, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall by such date publish in the Federal Register a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice that the Secretary will begin such action by a certain
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date which may not be later than January 31, 1993 and include
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in such notice the reasons for the delay. A notice of delayed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action shall not be considered agency action subject to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  judicial review. If the Secretary publishes an advance notice
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of proposed rulemaking, the Secretary is not required to follow
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  such notice with a notice of proposed rulemaking if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary determines on the basis of such advanced notice and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the comments received thereon that the contemplated action
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  should not be taken under the provisions of the National
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 ([formerly] 15
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  U.S.C. 1381 et seq.), including the provisions of section 103
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of such Act ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1392), and if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  publishes the reasons for such determination consistent with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Completion. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) Period. – Action under paragraphs (1) through (4) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 2503 which was begun under subparagraph (A) shall be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  completed within 26 months of the date of publication of an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  advance notice of proposed rulemaking or 18 months of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date of publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking. The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may extend for any reason the period for completion
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of a rulemaking initiated by the issuance of a notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking for not more than 6 months if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary publishes the reasons for such extension. The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  extension of such period shall not be considered agency
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action subject to judicial review.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) Action. – A rulemaking under paragraphs (1) through
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) of section 2503 shall be considered completed when the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary promulgates a final rule or when the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decides not to promulgate a rule (which decision may include
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  deferral of the action or reinitiation of the action). The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may not decide against promulgation of a final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  because of lack of time to complete rulemaking. Any such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking actions shall be published in the Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Register, together with the reasons for such decisions,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  consistent with chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  [formerly 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.].
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iii) Special rule. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(I) Period. – Action under paragraph (5) of section 2503
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which was begun under subparagraph (A) shall be completed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  within 24 months of the date of publication of an advance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice of proposed rulemaking or a notice of proposed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking. If the Secretary determines that there is a need
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for delay and if the public comment period is closed, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may extend the date for completion for not more
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than 6 months and shall publish in the Federal Register a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice stating the reasons for the extension and setting a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date certain for completion of the action. The extension of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the completion date shall not be considered agency action
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subject to judicial review.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(II) Action. – A rulemaking under paragraph (5) of section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2503 shall be considered completed when the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  promulgates a final rule with standards on improved head
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  injury protection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Standard. – The Secretary may, as part of any action
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  taken under section 2503, amend any motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standard or establish a new standard under the National Traffic
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1381
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  et seq.).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2503. MATTERS BEFORE THE SECRETARY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “The Secretary shall address the following matters in accordance
‚ ‚ ‚  with section 2502:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Protection against unreasonable risk of rollovers of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less and an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unloaded vehicle weight of 5,500 pounds or less.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Extension of passenger car side impact protection to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  multipurpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less and an unloaded vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weight of 5,500 pounds or less.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Safety of child booster seats used in passenger cars and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  other appropriate motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Improved design for safety belts.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) Improved head impact protection from interior components
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of passenger cars (i.e. roof rails, pillars, and front headers).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[SECS. 2504, 2505. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994, 108 Stat. 1379.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2506. REAR SEATBELTS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “The Secretary shall expend such portion of the funds authorized
‚ ‚ ‚  to be appropriated under the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost
‚ ‚ ‚  Savings Act ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), for fiscal year
‚ ‚ ‚  1993, as the Secretary deems necessary for the purpose of
‚ ‚ ‚  disseminating information to consumers regarding the manner in
‚ ‚ ‚  which passenger cars may be retrofitted with lap and shoulder rear
‚ ‚ ‚  seatbelts.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2507. BRAKE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR PASSENGER CARS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Not later than December 31, 1993, the Secretary, in accordance
‚ ‚ ‚  with the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966
‚ ‚ ‚  [formerly 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.], shall publish an advance notice
‚ ‚ ‚  of proposed rulemaking to consider the need for any additional
‚ ‚ ‚  brake performance standards for passenger cars, including antilock
‚ ‚ ‚  brake standards. The Secretary shall complete such rulemaking (in
‚ ‚ ‚  accordance with section 2502(b)(2)(B)(ii)) not later than 36 months
‚ ‚ ‚  from the date of initiation of such advance notice of proposed
‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking. In order to facilitate and encourage innovation and
‚ ‚ ‚  early application of economical and effective antilock brake
‚ ‚ ‚  systems for all such vehicles, the Secretary shall, as part of the
‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking, consider any such brake system adopted by a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[SEC. 2508. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108 Stat. 1379.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2509. HEAD INJURY IMPACT STUDY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “The Secretary, in the case of any head injury protection matters
‚ ‚ ‚  not subject to section 2503(5) for which the Secretary is on the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 1991] examining the need
‚ ‚ ‚  for rulemaking and is conducting research, shall provide a report
‚ ‚ ‚  to Congress by the end of fiscal year 1993 identifying those
‚ ‚ ‚  matters and their status. The report shall include a statement of
‚ ‚ ‚  any actions planned toward initiating such rulemaking no later than
‚ ‚ ‚  fiscal year 1994 or 1995 through use of either an advance notice of
‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking or a notice of proposed rulemaking and
‚ ‚ ‚  completing such rulemaking as soon as possible thereafter.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY STANDARD‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, title I, Sec. 108, Oct. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1482,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Ratification of Standard. – Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard Number 301 (49 CFR 571.301-75; Docket No. 73-20, Notice 2)
‚ ‚ ‚  as published on March 21, 1974 (39 F.R. 10588-10590) shall take
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the dates prescribed in such standard (as so published).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Amendment or Repeal of Standard. – The Secretary may amend
‚ ‚ ‚  the standard described in subsection (a) in order to correct
‚ ‚ ‚  technical errors in the standard, and may amend or repeal such
‚ ‚ ‚  standard if he determines such amendment or repeal will not
‚ ‚ ‚  diminish the level of motor vehicle safety.”
-EXEC-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EX. ORD. NO. 11357. ADMINISTRATION OF TRAFFIC AND MOTOR VEHICLE
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SAFETY THROUGH NATIONAL HIGHWAY SAFETY BUREAU AND ITS DIRECTOR
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Ex. Ord. No. 11357, June 6, 1967, 32 F.R. 8225, provided:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States by Section 201 of the Highway Safety Act of 1966, as
‚ ‚ ‚  amended (80 Stat. 735, 943) [set out as a note under section 401 of
‚ ‚ ‚  Title 23, Highways], and by Section 3(f)(3) of the Department of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation Act (80 Stat. 932) [former 49 U.S.C. 1652(f)(3)], it
‚ ‚ ‚  is hereby ordered that the provisions of the National Traffic and
‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, as amended (80 Stat. 718, 943)
‚ ‚ ‚  [formerly 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.], shall be carried out through the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Highway Safety Bureau and the Director thereof.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Lyndon B. Johnson.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30102. Definitions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Definitions. – In this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “dealer” means a person selling and distributing new motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles or motor vehicle equipment primarily to purchasers that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in good faith purchase the vehicles or equipment other than for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “defect” includes any defect in performance, construction,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a component, or material of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “distributor” means a person primarily selling and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “interstate commerce” means commerce between a place in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State and a place in another State or between places in the same
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State through another State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) “manufacturer” means a person –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) manufacturing or assembling motor vehicles or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) importing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) “motor vehicle” means a vehicle driven or drawn by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  mechanical power and manufactured primarily for use on public
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  streets, roads, and highways, but does not include a vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operated only on a rail line.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) “motor vehicle equipment” means –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) any system, part, or component of a motor vehicle as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  originally manufactured;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) any similar part or component manufactured or sold for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  replacement or improvement of a system, part, or component, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  as an accessory or addition to a motor vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) any device or an article or apparel (except medicine or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  eyeglasses prescribed by a licensed practitioner) that is not a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  system, part, or component of a motor vehicle and is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured, sold, delivered, offered, or intended to be used
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  only to safeguard motor vehicles and highway users against risk
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of accident, injury, or death.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) “motor vehicle safety” means the performance of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment in a way that protects the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  public against unreasonable risk of accidents occurring because
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the design, construction, or performance of a motor vehicle,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and against unreasonable risk of death or injury in an accident,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and includes nonoperational safety of a motor vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) “motor vehicle safety standard” means a minimum standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment performance.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (10) “State” means a State of the United States, the District
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (11) “United States district court” means a district court of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States, a United States court for Guam, the Virgin
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Islands, and American Samoa, and the district court for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Northern Mariana Islands.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Limited Definitions. – (1) In sections 30117(b), 30118-30121,
‚ ‚ ‚  and 30166(f) of this title –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) “adequate repair” does not include repair resulting in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substantially impaired operation of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) “first purchaser” means the first purchaser of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment other than for resale;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) “original equipment” means motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (including a tire) installed in or on a motor vehicle at the time
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of delivery to the first purchaser;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) “replacement equipment” means motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (including a tire) that is not original equipment;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) a brand name owner of a tire marketed under a brand name
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not owned by the manufacturer of the tire is deemed to be the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of the tire;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (F) a defect in original equipment, or noncompliance of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  original equipment with a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter, is deemed to be a defect or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance of the motor vehicle in or on which the equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  was installed at the time of delivery to the first purchaser;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (G) a manufacturer of a motor vehicle in or on which original
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment was installed when delivered to the first purchaser is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  deemed to be the manufacturer of the equipment; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (H) a retreader of a tire is deemed to be the manufacturer of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the tire.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation may prescribe regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  changing paragraph (1)(C), (D), (F), or (G) of this subsection.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 941.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(7).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 102(1)-(3),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5)-(9), (11), (12), 80‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718, 719.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(10).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 102(10), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718; restated Oct.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 110(a), 88 Stat. 1484.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  49‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 15, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  App.:1655(a)(6)(A).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-670, Sec. 6(a)(6)(A), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 938.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(2)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(11).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(3)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(6).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(4)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(9).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(5)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(6)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(7)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(4).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 102(4), 80‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718; restated May 22,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1970, Pub. L. 91-265, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2, 84 Stat. 262.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(8)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(9)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(10)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(8).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(11)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(12).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1419.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  159; added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1476.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the definitions apply to the entire chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  because of references in 15:1421-1431 applying 15:1391-1420 to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421-1431. Before clause (1), the words “As used” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (1), the text of 15:1391(10) and 49
‚ ‚ ‚  App.:1655(a)(6)(A) is omitted as surplus because the complete name
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Secretary of Transportation is used the first time the term
‚ ‚ ‚  appears in a section. The words “selling and distributing” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “who is engaged in the sale and distribution of” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The word “purposes” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (3), the words “selling and distributing” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “engaged in the sale and distribution of” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (5)(A), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “manufacturing or assembling” are substituted for “engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturing or assembling of” to eliminate unnecessary words. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (7), the words “physician or other duly” and “drivers,
‚ ‚ ‚  passengers, and other” are omitted as surplus. In clause (8), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “is also protected” and “to persons” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary. In clause (9), the words “which is practicable, which
‚ ‚ ‚  meets the need for motor vehicle safety and which provides
‚ ‚ ‚  objective criteria” are omitted as unnecessary because of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(a) which is restated in section 30111 of the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚  In clauses (10) and (11), the words “the Northern Mariana Islands”
‚ ‚ ‚  are added because of section 502(a)(2) of the Covenant to Establish
‚ ‚ ‚  a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union
‚ ‚ ‚  with the United States of America, as enacted by the Act of March
‚ ‚ ‚  24, 1976 (Public Law 94-241, 90 Stat. 268), and as proclaimed to be
‚ ‚ ‚  in effect by the President on January 9, 1978 (Proc. No. 4534, Oct.
‚ ‚ ‚  24, 1977, 42 F.R. 56593). The words “the Canal Zone” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977. In clause (10), the
‚ ‚ ‚  word “means” is substituted for “includes” as being more
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate. The words “a State of the United States” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “each of the several States” for consistency. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “the Commonwealth of” are omitted as surplus. In clause (11),
‚ ‚ ‚  the word “Federal” is omitted as surplus. The words “of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Commonwealth of Puerto Rico” are omitted as unnecessary because the
‚ ‚ ‚  district court of Puerto Rico is a district court of the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States under 28:119.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), before clause (A), the words “The term” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “the term” are omitted as surplus. In clause (B), the words “of a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment” are added for clarity. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (E), the words “to be” are added for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “marketed under such brand name” are omitted as surplus. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (F), the words “a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are added for clarity and consistency. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “noncompliance” is substituted for “failure to comply” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the chapter. In clause (G), the words “(rather than
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer of such equipment)” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “deemed to be” are substituted for “considered” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. In clause (H), the words “which have been” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (b)(2) is substituted for “Except as otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚  provided in regulations of the Secretary” for clarity and because
‚ ‚ ‚  of the restatement.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  LOW-SPEED ELECTRIC BICYCLES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 107-319, Sec. 2, Dec. 4, 2002, 116 Stat. 2776, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “For purposes of motor vehicle safety standards issued and
‚ ‚ ‚  enforced pursuant to chapter 301 of title 49, United States Code, a
‚ ‚ ‚  low-speed electric bicycle (as defined in section 38(b) of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Consumer Product Safety Act [15 U.S.C. 2085(b)]) shall not be
‚ ‚ ‚  considered a motor vehicle as defined by section 30102(6) of title
‚ ‚ ‚  49, United States Code.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30103‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30103. Relationship to other laws

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Uniformity of Regulations. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may not prescribe a safety regulation related to a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  subject to subchapter I of chapter 135 of this title that differs
‚ ‚ ‚  from a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚  However, the Secretary may prescribe, for a motor vehicle operated
‚ ‚ ‚  by a carrier subject to subchapter I of chapter 135, a safety
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation that imposes a higher standard of performance after
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacture than that required by an applicable standard in effect
‚ ‚ ‚  at the time of manufacture.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Preemption. – (1) When a motor vehicle safety standard is in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect under this chapter, a State or a political subdivision of a
‚ ‚ ‚  State may prescribe or continue in effect a standard applicable to
‚ ‚ ‚  the same aspect of performance of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment only if the standard is identical to the standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter. However, the United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State may
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe a standard for a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  obtained for its own use that imposes a higher performance
‚ ‚ ‚  requirement than that required by the otherwise applicable standard
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A State may enforce a standard that is identical to a
‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Antitrust Laws. – This chapter does not –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) exempt from the antitrust laws conduct that is unlawful
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under those laws; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) prohibit under the antitrust laws conduct that is lawful
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under those laws.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Warranty Obligations and Additional Legal Rights and
‚ ‚ ‚  Remedies. – Sections 30117(b), 30118-30121, 30166(f), and 30167(a)
‚ ‚ ‚  and (b) of this title do not establish or affect a warranty
‚ ‚ ‚  obligation under a law of the United States or a State. A remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  under those sections and sections 30161 and 30162 of this title is
‚ ‚ ‚  in addition to other rights and remedies under other laws of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States or a State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Common Law Liability. – Compliance with a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standard prescribed under this chapter does not exempt a
‚ ‚ ‚  person from liability at common law.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 943; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-88, title III, Sec. 308(j), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 947.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(g).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 103(g),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105(a)(6), 116, 80 Stat.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  720, 721, 727.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 103(d), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 719; Oct. 15, 1982,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 97-331, Sec. 3, 96‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1619.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1405.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(6).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  124(e), 160; added Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 106, 88 Stat. 1477,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1481.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1420.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(k).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(k), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723; Oct. 31, 1988,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2818.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “or the Transportation of Explosives
‚ ‚ ‚  Act, as amended (18 U.S.C. 831-835)” are omitted as obsolete
‚ ‚ ‚  because 18:831-835 have been repealed. The word “prescribe” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “adopt” for consistency. The words “or continue in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect” and “In prescribing safety regulations” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The word “prescribed” is substituted for “issued” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. The words “to comply” and “Federal” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “in effect” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “Federal” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “prescribe” is substituted for “either to establish, or to
‚ ‚ ‚  continue in effect” for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. The words “standard prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal standard” for clarity. The words “However,
‚ ‚ ‚  the United States . . . may prescribe” are substituted for “Nothing
‚ ‚ ‚  in this section shall be construed to prevent the Federal . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  from establishing” for consistency. The words “of a State” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “thereof” for clarity. The word “standard” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “safety requirement” for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “performance requirement” are substituted for “standard of
‚ ‚ ‚  performance” to avoid using “standard” in 2 different ways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (b)(2) is substituted for 15:1392(d) (2d sentence) for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency and to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “be deemed to” and “of the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “United States” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Federal” in 15:1420 for consistency. The words “Consumer” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1420, “not in lieu of” in 15:1410a(e) and 1420, and “not in
‚ ‚ ‚  substitution for” in 15:1394(a)(6) are omitted as surplus. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “other” is added for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-88 substituted “subchapter I of
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 135” for “subchapter II of chapter 105” in two places.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section
‚ ‚ ‚  701 of this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30104‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30104. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  $98,313,500 for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
‚ ‚ ‚  to carry out this part in each fiscal year beginning in fiscal year
‚ ‚ ‚  1999 and ending in fiscal year 2001.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 944; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7102(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 465; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 106-39, Sec. 1(a), July 28, 1999, 113 Stat. 206.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30104‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2501(a), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2081.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, before clause (1), the words “to the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation for the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration” are substituted for “For the National Highway
‚ ‚ ‚  Traffic Safety Administration” for clarity and consistency in the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The
‚ ‚ ‚  reference to fiscal year 1992 is omitted as obsolete.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1999 – Pub. L. 106-39 substituted “$98,313,500” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “$81,200,000”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Pub. L. 105-178 reenacted section catchline without change
‚ ‚ ‚  and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as
‚ ‚ ‚  follows: “The following amounts may be appropriated to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation for the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration to carry out this chapter:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) $71,333,436 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) $74,044,106 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) $76,857,782 for the fiscal year ending September 30,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30105‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30105. Restriction on lobbying activities

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – No funds appropriated to the Secretary for the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration shall be available
‚ ‚ ‚  for any activity specifically designed to urge a State or local
‚ ‚ ‚  legislator to favor or oppose the adoption of any specific
‚ ‚ ‚  legislative proposal pending before any State or local legislative
‚ ‚ ‚  body.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Appearance as Witness Not Barred. – Subsection (a) does not
‚ ‚ ‚  prohibit officers or employees of the United States from testifying
‚ ‚ ‚  before any State or local legislative body in response to the
‚ ‚ ‚  invitation of any member of that legislative body or a State
‚ ‚ ‚  executive office.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added and amended Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7104(a), (c),
‚ ‚ ‚  June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 466; Pub. L. 105-206, title IX, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  9012(a), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 864.)
-MISC1-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 7104(c), as added by
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-206, inserted “for the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration” after “Secretary”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Title IX of Pub. L. 105-206 effective simultaneously with
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of Pub. L. 105-178 and to be treated as included in Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 105-178 at time of enactment, and provisions of Pub. L. 105-178,
‚ ‚ ‚  as in effect on day before July 22, 1998, that are amended by title
‚ ‚ ‚  IX of Pub. L. 105-206 to be treated as not enacted, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9016 of Pub. L. 105-206, set out as a note under section 101 of
‚ ‚ ‚  Title 23, Highways.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30106‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30106. Rented or leased motor vehicle safety and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  responsibility

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – An owner of a motor vehicle that rents or
‚ ‚ ‚  leases the vehicle to a person (or an affiliate of the owner) shall
‚ ‚ ‚  not be liable under the law of any State or political subdivision
‚ ‚ ‚  thereof, by reason of being the owner of the vehicle (or an
‚ ‚ ‚  affiliate of the owner), for harm to persons or property that
‚ ‚ ‚  results or arises out of the use, operation, or possession of the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle during the period of the rental or lease, if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the owner (or an affiliate of the owner) is engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trade or business of renting or leasing motor vehicles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) there is no negligence or criminal wrongdoing on the part
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the owner (or an affiliate of the owner).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Financial Responsibility Laws. – Nothing in this section
‚ ‚ ‚  supersedes the law of any State or political subdivision thereof –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) imposing financial responsibility or insurance standards on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the owner of a motor vehicle for the privilege of registering and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operating a motor vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) imposing liability on business entities engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trade or business of renting or leasing motor vehicles for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  failure to meet the financial responsibility or liability
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  insurance requirements under State law.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Applicability and Effective Date. – Notwithstanding any other
‚ ‚ ‚  provision of law, this section shall apply with respect to any
‚ ‚ ‚  action commenced on or after the date of enactment of this section
‚ ‚ ‚  without regard to whether the harm that is the subject of the
‚ ‚ ‚  action, or the conduct that caused the harm, occurred before such
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Definitions. – In this section, the following definitions
‚ ‚ ‚  apply:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Affiliate. – The term “affiliate” means a person other than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the owner that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or is under common control with the owner. In the preceding
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence, the term “control” means the power to direct the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  management and policies of a person whether through ownership of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  voting securities or otherwise.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Owner. – The term “owner” means a person who is –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) a record or beneficial owner, holder of title, lessor, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  lessee of a motor vehicle;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) entitled to the use and possession of a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subject to a security interest in another person; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) a lessor, lessee, or a bailee of a motor vehicle, in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trade or business of renting or leasing motor vehicles, having
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the use or possession thereof, under a lease, bailment, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  otherwise.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Person. – The term “person” means any individual,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  corporation, company, limited liability company, trust,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  any other entity.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10208(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1935.)

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (c), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 109-59, which was approved
‚ ‚ ‚  Aug. 10, 2005.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30111‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30111. Standards

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Requirements. – The Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe motor vehicle safety standards. Each standard shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  practicable, meet the need for motor vehicle safety, and be stated
‚ ‚ ‚  in objective terms.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Considerations and Consultation. – When prescribing a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard under this chapter, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) consider relevant available motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) consult with the agency established under the Act of August
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  20, 1958 (Public Law 85-684, 72 Stat. 635), and other appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State or interstate authorities (including legislative
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  committees);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) consider whether a proposed standard is reasonable,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  practicable, and appropriate for the particular type of motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment for which it is prescribed;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) consider the extent to which the standard will carry out
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30101 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Cooperation. – The Secretary may advise, assist, and
‚ ‚ ‚  cooperate with departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Government, States, and other public and private
‚ ‚ ‚  agencies in developing motor vehicle safety standards.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Effective Dates of Standards. – The Secretary shall specify
‚ ‚ ‚  the effective date of a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter in the order prescribing the standard. A
‚ ‚ ‚  standard may not become effective before the 180th day after the
‚ ‚ ‚  standard is prescribed or later than one year after it is
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed. However, the Secretary may prescribe a different
‚ ‚ ‚  effective date after finding, for good cause shown, that a
‚ ‚ ‚  different effective date is in the public interest and publishing
‚ ‚ ‚  the reasons for the finding.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) 5-Year Plan for Testing Standards. – The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish and periodically review and update on a continuing basis
‚ ‚ ‚  a 5-year plan for testing motor vehicle safety standards prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter that the Secretary considers capable of being
‚ ‚ ‚  tested. In developing the plan and establishing testing priorities,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall consider factors the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate, consistent with section 30101 of this title and the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary’s other duties and powers under this chapter. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may change at any time those priorities to address
‚ ‚ ‚  matters the Secretary considers of greater priority. The initial
‚ ‚ ‚  plan may be the 5-year plan for compliance testing in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  December 18, 1991.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 944.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(a), (b),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) (1st sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 102(13),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)-(c), (e), (f), 107‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to standards), 80‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 719, 721.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(13).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(f).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1396 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(c), (e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (last sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(j).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(j); added Dec. 18, 1991,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 102-240, Sec. 2505,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105 Stat. 2084.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “shall prescribe” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “shall establish by order” in 15:1392(a) and “may by order” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(e) (1st sentence) for consistency. The words “amend or
‚ ‚ ‚  revoke” in 15:1392(e) (1st sentence) and 1397(b)(1) (last sentence)
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted because they are included in “prescribe”. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “appropriate Federal” in 15:1392(a) and “Federal” in 15:1392(e)
‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence) are omitted as surplus. The words “established under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section” are omitted because of the restatement. The text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(b) is omitted as surplus because 5:chs. 5, subch. II, and 7
‚ ‚ ‚  apply unless otherwise stated.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “including the results of
‚ ‚ ‚  research, development, testing and evaluation activities conducted
‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to this chapter” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “agency established under the Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of August 20, 1958 (Public Law 85-684, 72 Stat. 635)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for 15:1391(13) and “the Vehicle Equipment Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Commission” in 15:1392(f) because of the restatement. The citation
‚ ‚ ‚  in parenthesis is included only for information purposes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(4), the words “contribute to” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “departments, agencies, and
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentalities of the United States Government, States, and
‚ ‚ ‚  other public and private agencies” are substituted for “other
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal departments and agencies, and State and other interested
‚ ‚ ‚  public and private agencies” for consistency. The words “planning
‚ ‚ ‚  and” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “The Secretary” are added for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The words “effective date” are substituted for “the date .
‚ ‚ ‚  . . is to take effect” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “under this chapter” are added for clarity. The words “However, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may prescribe a different effective date” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “unless the Secretary” for clarity. The word “different” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “earlier or later” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “duties and powers” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “responsibilities”, and the word “change” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “adjust”, and for clarity and consistency in the revised title.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act of August 20, 1958, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is set out
‚ ‚ ‚  as a note under former section 313 of Title 23, Highways.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PEDESTRIAN SAFETY ENHANCEMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 111-373, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 4086, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This Act may be cited as the ‘Pedestrian Safety Enhancement Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of 2010’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “As used in this Act –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) the term ‘alert sound’ (herein referred to as the ‘sound’)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  means a vehicle-emitted sound to enable pedestrians to discern
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle presence, direction, location, and operation;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) the term ‘cross-over speed’ means the speed at which tire
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noise, wind resistance, or other factors eliminate the need for a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  separate alert sound as determined by the Secretary;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) the term ‘motor vehicle’ has the meaning given such term
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in section 30102(a)(6) of title 49, United States Code, except
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that such term shall not include a trailer (as such term is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defined in section 571.3 of title 49, Code of Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Regulations);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) the term ‘conventional motor vehicle’ means a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle powered by a gasoline, diesel, or alternative fueled
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  internal combustion engine as its sole means of propulsion;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) the term ‘manufacturer’ has the meaning given such term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30102(a)(5) of title 49, United States Code;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) the term ‘dealer’ has the meaning given such term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30102(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) the term ‘defect’ has the meaning given such term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30102(a)(2) of title 49, United States Code;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) the term ‘hybrid vehicle’ means a motor vehicle which has
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  more than one means of propulsion; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(10) the term ‘electric vehicle’ means a motor vehicle with an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  electric motor as its sole means of propulsion.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 3. MINIMUM SOUND REQUIREMENT FOR MOTOR VEHICLES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Rulemaking Required. – Not later than 18 months after the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment of this Act [Jan. 4, 2011] the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  initiate rulemaking, under section 30111 of title 49, United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Code, to promulgate a motor vehicle safety standard –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) establishing performance requirements for an alert sound
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that allows blind and other pedestrians to reasonably detect a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  nearby electric or hybrid vehicle operating below the cross-over
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  speed, if any; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) requiring new electric or hybrid vehicles to provide an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  alert sound conforming to the requirements of the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety standard established under this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚  “The motor vehicle safety standard established under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection shall not require either driver or pedestrian activation
‚ ‚ ‚  of the alert sound and shall allow the pedestrian to reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚  detect a nearby electric or hybrid vehicle in critical operating
‚ ‚ ‚  scenarios including, but not limited to, constant speed,
‚ ‚ ‚  accelerating, or decelerating. The Secretary shall allow
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers to provide each vehicle with one or more sounds that
‚ ‚ ‚  comply with the motor vehicle safety standard at the time of
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacture. Further, the Secretary shall require manufacturers to
‚ ‚ ‚  provide, within reasonable manufacturing tolerances, the same sound
‚ ‚ ‚  or set of sounds for all vehicles of the same make and model and
‚ ‚ ‚  shall prohibit manufacturers from providing any mechanism for
‚ ‚ ‚  anyone other than the manufacturer or the dealer to disable, alter,
‚ ‚ ‚  replace, or modify the sound or set of sounds, except that the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer or dealer may alter, replace, or modify the sound or
‚ ‚ ‚  set of sounds in order to remedy a defect or non-compliance with
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicle safety standard. The Secretary shall promulgate
‚ ‚ ‚  the required motor vehicle safety standard pursuant to this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection not later than 36 months after the date of enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Consideration. – When conducting the required rulemaking,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) determine the minimum level of sound emitted from a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle that is necessary to provide blind and other pedestrians
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the information needed to reasonably detect a nearby
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  electric or hybrid vehicle operating at or below the cross-over
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  speed, if any;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) determine the performance requirements for an alert sound
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that is recognizable to a pedestrian as a motor vehicle in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) consider the overall community noise impact.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Phase-in Required. – The motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish a phase-in period for compliance, as determined by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary, and shall require full compliance with the required
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety standard for motor vehicles manufactured on or
‚ ‚ ‚  after September 1st of the calendar year that begins 3 years after
‚ ‚ ‚  the date on which the final rule is issued.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Required Consultation. – When conducting the required study
‚ ‚ ‚  and rulemaking, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) consult with the Environmental Protection Agency to assure
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the motor vehicle safety standard is consistent with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  existing noise requirements overseen by the Agency;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) consult consumer groups representing individuals who are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  blind;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) consult with automobile manufacturers and professional
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organizations representing them;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) consult technical standardization organizations
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  responsible for measurement methods such as the Society of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Automotive Engineers, the International Organization for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Standardization, and the United Nations Economic Commission for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Europe, World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(e) Required Study and Report to Congress. – Not later than 48
‚ ‚ ‚  months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete a study and report to Congress as to whether there exists
‚ ‚ ‚  a safety need to apply the motor vehicle safety standard required
‚ ‚ ‚  by subsection (a) to conventional motor vehicles. In the event that
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary determines there exists a safety need, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall initiate rulemaking under section 30111 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code, to extend the standard to conventional motor vehicles.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 4. FUNDING.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Notwithstanding any other provision of law, $2,000,000 of any
‚ ‚ ‚  amounts made available to the Secretary of Transportation under
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 406 of title 23, United States Code, shall be made
‚ ‚ ‚  available to the Administrator of the National Highway
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation Safety Administration for carrying out section 3 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CHILD SAFETY STANDARDS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 110-189, Feb. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 639, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This Act may be cited as the ‘Cameron Gulbransen Kids
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation Safety Act of 2007’ or the ‘K.T. Safety Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  2007’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2. RULEMAKING REGARDING CHILD SAFETY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Power Window Safety. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Consideration of rule. – Not later than 18 months after
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation (referred to in this Act as the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  ‘Secretary’) shall initiate a rulemaking to consider prescribing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or amending Federal motor vehicle safety standards to require
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  power windows and panels on motor vehicles to automatically
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reverse direction when such power windows and panels detect an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  obstruction to prevent children and others from being trapped,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  injured, or killed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Deadline for decision. – If the Secretary determines such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards are reasonable, practicable, and appropriate,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall prescribe, under section 30111 of title 49,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code, the safety standards described in paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) not later than 30 months after the date of enactment of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act. If the Secretary determines that no additional safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards are reasonable, practicable, and appropriate, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) not later than 30 months after the date of enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this Act, transmit a report to the Committee on Energy and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate describing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the reasons such standards were not prescribed; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) publish and otherwise make available to the public
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  through the Internet and other means (such as the ‘Buying a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Safer Car’ brochure) information regarding which vehicles are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or are not equipped with power windows and panels that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automatically reverse direction when an obstruction is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  detected.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Rearward Visibility. – Not later than 12 months after the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall initiate a rulemaking to revise Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 111 (FMVSS 111) to expand the required field of view to
‚ ‚ ‚  enable the driver of a motor vehicle to detect areas behind the
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle to reduce death and injury resulting from backing
‚ ‚ ‚  incidents, particularly incidents involving small children and
‚ ‚ ‚  disabled persons. The Secretary may prescribe different
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements for different types of motor vehicles to expand the
‚ ‚ ‚  required field of view to enable the driver of a motor vehicle to
‚ ‚ ‚  detect areas behind the motor vehicle to reduce death and injury
‚ ‚ ‚  resulting from backing incidents, particularly incidents involving
‚ ‚ ‚  small children and disabled persons. Such standard may be met by
‚ ‚ ‚  the provision of additional mirrors, sensors, cameras, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  technology to expand the driver’s field of view. The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall prescribe final standards pursuant to this subsection not
‚ ‚ ‚  later than 36 months after the date of enactment of this Act.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Phase-In Period. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Phase-in period required. – The safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) shall establish a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phase-in period for compliance, as determined by the Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and require full compliance with the safety standards not later
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than 48 months after the date on which the final rule is issued.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Phase-in priorities. – In establishing the phase-in period
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the rearward visibility safety standards required under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b), the Secretary shall consider whether to require
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the phase-in according to different types of motor vehicles based
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on data demonstrating the frequency by which various types of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles have been involved in backing incidents resulting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in injury or death. If the Secretary determines that any type of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle should be given priority, the Secretary shall issue
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations that specify –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) which type or types of motor vehicles shall be phased-in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  first; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) the percentages by which such motor vehicles shall be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phased-in.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Preventing Motor Vehicles From Rolling Away. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Requirement. – Each motor vehicle with an automatic
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transmission that includes a ‘park’ position manufactured for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sale after September 1, 2010, shall be equipped with a system
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that requires the service brake to be depressed before the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transmission can be shifted out of ‘park’. This system shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  function in any starting system key position in which the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transmission can be shifted out of ‘park’.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Treatment as motor vehicle safety standard. – A violation
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of paragraph (1) shall be treated as a violation of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under section 30111 of title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  49, United States Code, and shall be subject to enforcement by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary under chapter 301 of such title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Publication of noncompliant vehicles. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) Information submission. – Not later than 60 days after
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  current model year and annually thereafter through 2010, each
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle manufacturer shall transmit to the Secretary the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  make and model of motor vehicles with automatic transmissions
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that include a ‘park’ position that do not comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of paragraph (1).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Publication. – Not later than 30 days after receiving
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the information submitted under subparagraph (A), the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall publish and otherwise make available to the public
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  through the Internet and other means the make and model of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicles that do not comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of paragraph (1). Any motor vehicle not included
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the publication under this subparagraph shall be presumed to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  comply with such requirements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(e) Definition of Motor Vehicle. – As used in this Act and for
‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of the motor vehicle safety standards described in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (a) and (b), the term ‘motor vehicle’ has the meaning
‚ ‚ ‚  given such term in section 30102(a)(6) of title 49, United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Code, except that such term shall not include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) a motorcycle or trailer (as such terms are defined in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 571.3 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations); or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) any motor vehicle that is rated at more than 10,000 pounds
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicular weight.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(f) Database on Injuries and Deaths in Nontraffic, Noncrash
‚ ‚ ‚  Events. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – Not later than 12 months after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  establish and maintain a database of injuries and deaths in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  nontraffic, noncrash events involving motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Contents. – The database established pursuant to paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) shall include information regarding –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) the number, types, and causes of injuries and deaths
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resulting from the events described in paragraph (1);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) the make, model, and model year of motor vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in such events, when practicable; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) other variables that the Secretary determines will
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enhance the value of the database.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Availability. – The Secretary shall make the information
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  contained in the database established pursuant to paragraph (1)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  available to the public through the Internet and other means.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 3. CHILD SAFETY INFORMATION PROGRAM.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – Not later than 9 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the Secretary shall provide
‚ ‚ ‚  information about hazards to children in nontraffic, noncrash
‚ ‚ ‚  incident situations by –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) supplementing an existing consumer information program
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relating to child safety; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) creating a new consumer information program relating to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  child safety.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Program Requirements. – In carrying out the program under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a), the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) utilize information collected pursuant to section 2(f)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regarding nontraffic, noncrash injuries, and other relevant data
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary considers appropriate, to establish priorities for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the program;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) address ways in which parents and caregivers can reduce
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  risks to small children arising from back over incidents,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  hyperthermia in closed motor vehicles, accidental actuation of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  power windows, and any other risks the Secretary determines
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  should be addressed; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) make information related to the program available to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  public through the Internet and other means.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 4. DEADLINES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “If the Secretary determines that the deadlines applicable under
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act cannot be met, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) establish new deadlines; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) notify the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation of the Senate of the new deadlines and describing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the reasons the deadlines specified under this Act could not be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  met.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVING CRITERIA USED IN A RECALL‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 15, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1808, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Review of Standards and Criteria Used in Opening a Defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  Noncompliance Investigation. – The Secretary shall, not later than
‚ ‚ ‚  30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000],
‚ ‚ ‚  undertake a comprehensive review of all standards, criteria,
‚ ‚ ‚  procedures, and methods, including data management and analysis
‚ ‚ ‚  used by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in
‚ ‚ ‚  determining whether to open a defect or noncompliance investigation
‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to subchapter II or IV of chapter 301 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code, and shall undertake such steps as may be necessary to
‚ ‚ ‚  update and improve such standards, criteria, procedures, or
‚ ‚ ‚  methods, including data management and analysis.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Report to Congress. – Not later than 1 year after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  transmit to the Committee on Commerce [now Committee on Energy and
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce] of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report
‚ ‚ ‚  describing the Secretary’s findings and actions under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a).”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30112‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30112. Prohibitions on manufacturing, selling, and importing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncomplying motor vehicles and equipment

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – (1) Except as provided in this section, sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30113 and 30114 of this title, and subchapter III of this chapter,
‚ ‚ ‚  a person may not manufacture for sale, sell, offer for sale,
‚ ‚ ‚  introduce or deliver for introduction in interstate commerce, or
‚ ‚ ‚  import into the United States, any motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment manufactured on or after the date an applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter takes effect
‚ ‚ ‚  unless the vehicle or equipment complies with the standard and is
‚ ‚ ‚  covered by a certification issued under section 30115 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Except as provided in this section, sections 30113 and 30114
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title, and subchapter III of this chapter, a school or
‚ ‚ ‚  school system may not purchase or lease a new 15-passenger van if
‚ ‚ ‚  it will be used significantly by, or on behalf of, the school or
‚ ‚ ‚  school system to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary school
‚ ‚ ‚  students to or from school or an event related to school, unless
‚ ‚ ‚  the 15-passenger van complies with the motor vehicle standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed for school buses and multifunction school activity buses
‚ ‚ ‚  under this title. This paragraph does not apply to the purchase or
‚ ‚ ‚  lease of a 15-passenger van under a contract executed before the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment of this paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Nonapplication. – This section does not apply to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the sale, offer for sale, or introduction or delivery for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  introduction in interstate commerce of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment after the first purchase of the vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in good faith other than for resale;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) a person –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) establishing that the person had no reason to know,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  despite exercising reasonable care, that a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment does not comply with applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standards prescribed under this chapter; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) holding, without knowing about the noncompliance and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before the vehicle or equipment is first purchased in good
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  faith other than for resale, a certificate issued by a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer or importer stating the vehicle or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  complies with applicable standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter;

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment intended only
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for export, labeled for export on the vehicle or equipment and on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the outside of any container of the vehicle or equipment, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  exported;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a motor vehicle the Secretary of Transportation decides
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30141 of this title is capable of complying with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable standards prescribed under this chapter;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) a motor vehicle imported for personal use by an individual
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  who receives an exemption under section 30142 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) a motor vehicle under section 30143 of this title imported
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by an individual employed outside the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) a motor vehicle under section 30144 of this title imported
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on a temporary basis;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30145 of this title requiring further manufacturing; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) a motor vehicle that is at least 25 years old.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 945; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  109-59, title X, Sec. 10309(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1942.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(A).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  80 Stat. 722; Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1), 88 Stat. 1477;‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(c), (d), 102
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2824.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(c)(1), (i); added Oct.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  31, 1988, Pub. L. 100-562,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 2(b), 102 Stat. 2818,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2823.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(D),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(3)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(2)(D),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(1) (1st sentence), (2),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  80 Stat. 722; Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(b)(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(b)(3), 80‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723; Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(B), 88 Stat. 1478;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(a), 102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2818.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (no source).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4)-(8)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(b)(9)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(i).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “Except as provided in this section
‚ ‚ ‚  . . . and subchapter III of this chapter” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(1) to eliminate unnecessary words and because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The reference to section 30113 is added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(D) is omitted as obsolete because under section 30124
‚ ‚ ‚  of the revised title a standard prescribed under this chapter may
‚ ‚ ‚  not allow compliance by use of a safety belt interlock or a
‚ ‚ ‚  continuous buzzer. In clause (2)(A), the words “despite exercising
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable care” are substituted for “in the exercise of due care”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and consistency in the revised title. The words “motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standards prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal motor vehicle safety standards” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity and consistency in this chapter. In clause (2)(B), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “without knowing about the noncompliance” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “unless such person knows that such vehicle or equipment does not
‚ ‚ ‚  so conform” to eliminate unnecessary words and for consistency in
‚ ‚ ‚  the revised title. Clauses (4)-(8) are added to provide cross-
‚ ‚ ‚  references to sections restating exceptions to the general rule
‚ ‚ ‚  restated in subsection (a) of this section.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 109-59, which was
‚ ‚ ‚  approved Aug. 10, 2005.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2005 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109-59, which directed amendment of
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30112(a), without specifying the title to be amended, by
‚ ‚ ‚  designating existing provisions as par. (1) and adding par. (2),
‚ ‚ ‚  was executed to this section, to reflect the probable intent of
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30113‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30113. General exemptions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “low-emission motor vehicle”
‚ ‚ ‚  means a motor vehicle meeting the standards for new motor vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable to the vehicle under section 202 of the Clean Air Act
‚ ‚ ‚  (42 U.S.C. 7521) when the vehicle is manufactured and emitting an
‚ ‚ ‚  air pollutant in an amount significantly below one of those
‚ ‚ ‚  standards.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Authority To Exempt and Procedures. – (1) The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may exempt, on a temporary basis, motor vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚  from a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  or passenger motor vehicles from a bumper standard prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 325 of this title, on terms the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate. An exemption may be renewed. A renewal may be granted
‚ ‚ ‚  only on reapplication and must conform to the requirements of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may begin a proceeding under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  when a manufacturer applies for an exemption or a renewal of an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption. The Secretary shall publish notice of the application
‚ ‚ ‚  and provide an opportunity to comment. An application for an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption or for a renewal of an exemption shall be filed at a time
‚ ‚ ‚  and in the way, and contain information, this section and the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary require.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) The Secretary may act under this subsection on finding that –
‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) an exemption is consistent with the public interest and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter or chapter 325 of this title (as applicable); and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B)(i) compliance with the standard would cause substantial
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  economic hardship to a manufacturer that has tried to comply with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the standard in good faith;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the exemption would make easier the development or field
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  evaluation of a new motor vehicle safety feature providing a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety level at least equal to the safety level of the standard;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the exemption would make the development or field
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  evaluation of a low-emission motor vehicle easier and would not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unreasonably lower the safety level of that vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iv) compliance with the standard would prevent the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer from selling a motor vehicle with an overall safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  level at least equal to the overall safety level of nonexempt
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Contents of Applications. – A manufacturer applying for an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption under subsection (b) of this section shall include the
‚ ‚ ‚  following information in the application:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a complete financial statement describing the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  economic hardship and a complete description of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer’s good faith effort to comply with each motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter, or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  bumper standard prescribed under chapter 325 of this title, from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the manufacturer is requesting an exemption.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section, a record of the research, development, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  testing establishing the innovative nature of the safety feature
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and a detailed analysis establishing that the safety level of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  feature at least equals the safety level of the standard.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section, a record of the research, development, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  testing establishing that the motor vehicle is a low-emission
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle and that the safety level of the vehicle is not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  lowered unreasonably by exemption from the standard.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(iv)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section, a detailed analysis showing how the vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provides an overall safety level at least equal to the overall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety level of nonexempt vehicles.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Eligibility. – A manufacturer is eligible for an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) of this section (including an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption under subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) relating to a bumper
‚ ‚ ‚  standard referred to in subsection (b)(1)) only if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  determines that the manufacturer’s total motor vehicle production
‚ ‚ ‚  in the most recent year of production is not more than 10,000. A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer is eligible for an exemption under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(3)(B)(ii), (iii), or (iv) of this section only if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  determines the exemption is for not more than 2,500 vehicles to be
‚ ‚ ‚  sold in the United States in any 12-month period.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Maximum Period. – An exemption or renewal under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(3)(B)(i) of this section may be granted for not more than 3
‚ ‚ ‚  years. An exemption or renewal under subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii),
‚ ‚ ‚  (iii), or (iv) of this section may be granted for not more than 2
‚ ‚ ‚  years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Disclosure. – The Secretary may make public, by the 10th day
‚ ‚ ‚  after an application is filed, information contained in the
‚ ‚ ‚  application or relevant to the application unless the information
‚ ‚ ‚  concerns or is related to a trade secret or other confidential
‚ ‚ ‚  information not relevant to the application.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Notice of Decision. – The Secretary shall publish in the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Register a notice of each decision granting an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section and the reasons for granting it.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Permanent Label Requirement. – The Secretary shall require a
‚ ‚ ‚  permanent label to be fixed to a motor vehicle granted an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section. The label shall either name or describe each
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter or
‚ ‚ ‚  bumper standard prescribed under chapter 325 of this title from
‚ ‚ ‚  which the vehicle is exempt. The Secretary may require that written
‚ ‚ ‚  notice of an exemption be delivered by appropriate means to the
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer and the first purchaser of the vehicle other than for
‚ ‚ ‚  resale.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 945; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec. 351(a)], Oct. 21,
‚ ‚ ‚  1998, 112 Stat. 2681-439, 2681-475.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(g).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  123; added Apr. 10, 1968,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 90-283, 82 Stat. 72;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restated Oct. 25, 1972, Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  L. 92-548, Sec. 3, 86 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1159.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(a) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (c)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (23d-last words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) (23d-last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(c)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st-22d words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) (1st-22d words).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(f).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(g)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(a) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “the term” and “type of” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The words “when the vehicle is manufactured” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “at the time of manufacture” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “Except as provided in subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (d) of this section” are omitted as surplus. The words “to such
‚ ‚ ‚  extent” are omitted as being included in “on terms the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  considers appropriate”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “The Secretary may begin a
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding under this subsection . . . for an exemption or a
‚ ‚ ‚  renewal of an exemption” are added because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “of the application” are added for clarity. The words “An
‚ ‚ ‚  application for an exemption or for a renewal of an exemption shall
‚ ‚ ‚  be filed” are added because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(A), the words “such temporary” and “the
‚ ‚ ‚  objectives of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(i), the words “to a manufacturer that”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “such manufacturer . . . and that the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “from which
‚ ‚ ‚  it requests to be exempted” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii), the words “from which an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  is sought” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii), the words “lower the safety level”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “degrade the safety” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(iv), the word “requiring” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “the following
‚ ‚ ‚  information” are added for clarity. In clause (1), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “describing” is substituted for “the basis of showing” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “each motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter from which the manufacturer is
‚ ‚ ‚  requesting an exemption” are substituted for “the standards” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. In clauses (2) and (3), the words “a record” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “documentation” for consistency in the revised
‚ ‚ ‚  title. In clause (2), the words “establishing that the safety level
‚ ‚ ‚  of the feature at least equals the safety level of the standard”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “establishing that the level of safety of the
‚ ‚ ‚  new safety feature is equivalent to or exceeds the level of safety
‚ ‚ ‚  established in the standard from which the exemption is sought”
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. In clause (3), the word “level” is
‚ ‚ ‚  added, and the words “lowered . . . by exemption from the standard”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “degraded”, for consistency in this section. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (4), the words “at least equal to” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “equivalent to or exceeding” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the text of 15:1410(f) (1st sentence) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed. The words “under this section all” and “other
‚ ‚ ‚  information” are omitted as surplus. The words “to the application”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “thereto” for clarity. The words “business” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “for exemption” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g), the words “The Secretary” are added for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The word “temporary” is omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “under this section” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the words “a . . . label to be fixed to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle granted an exemption under this section” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “labeling of each exempted motor vehicle . . . and
‚ ‚ ‚  be affixed to such exempted vehicles” for clarity. The words “of
‚ ‚ ‚  such exempted motor vehicle in such manner as he deems” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The words “motor vehicle safety standard prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter” are substituted for “the standards” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency in this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 351(a)(1)(A)], inserted “or passenger motor vehicles from a
‚ ‚ ‚  bumper standard prescribed under chapter 325 of this title,” after
‚ ‚ ‚  “a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(1)(B)], inserted “or chapter 325 of this title (as
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable)” after “this chapter”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(2)], inserted “, or a bumper standard prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 325 of this title,” after “motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(3)], inserted “(including an exemption under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(3)(B)(i) relating to a bumper standard referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)(1))” after “subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(4)], inserted “or bumper standard prescribed under chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  325 of this title” after “each motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30114‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30114. Special exemptions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The Secretary of Transportation may exempt a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  item of motor vehicle equipment from section 30112(a) of this title
‚ ‚ ‚  on terms the Secretary decides are necessary for research,
‚ ‚ ‚  investigations, demonstrations, training, competitive racing
‚ ‚ ‚  events, show, or display.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 947; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7107(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 469.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30114‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(j).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(j); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2824.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The word “conditions” is omitted as being included in “terms”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and the word “studies” is omitted as being included in “research”.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “solely” is omitted as unnecessary.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Pub. L. 105-178 substituted “competitive racing events,
‚ ‚ ‚  show, or display” for “or competitive racing events”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TRANSITION RULE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7107(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  469, provided that: “A person who is the owner of a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  located in the United States on the date of enactment of this Act
‚ ‚ ‚  [June 9, 1998] may seek an exemption under section 30114 of title
‚ ‚ ‚  49, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section, for a period of 6 months after the date regulations of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation promulgated in response to such
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment take effect.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30115‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30115. Certification of compliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – A manufacturer or distributor of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment shall certify to the distributor
‚ ‚ ‚  or dealer at delivery that the vehicle or equipment complies with
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. A person may not issue the certificate if, in exercising
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable care, the person has reason to know the certificate is
‚ ‚ ‚  false or misleading in a material respect. Certification of a
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle must be shown by a label or tag permanently fixed to the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle. Certification of equipment may be shown by a label or tag
‚ ‚ ‚  on the equipment or on the outside of the container in which the
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment is delivered.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Certification Label. – In the case of the certification label
‚ ‚ ‚  affixed by an intermediate or final stage manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle built in more than 1 stage, each intermediate or final
‚ ‚ ‚  stage manufacturer shall certify with respect to each applicable
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal motor vehicle safety standard –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) that it has complied with the specifications set forth in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the compliance documentation provided by the incomplete motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle manufacturer in accordance with regulations prescribed by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) that it has elected to assume responsibility for compliance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with that standard.

‚ ‚ ‚  If the intermediate or final stage manufacturer elects to assume
‚ ‚ ‚  responsibility for compliance with the standard covered by the
‚ ‚ ‚  documentation provided by an incomplete motor vehicle manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚  the intermediate or final stage manufacturer shall notify the
‚ ‚ ‚  incomplete motor vehicle manufacturer in writing within a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time of affixing the certification label. A violation of
‚ ‚ ‚  this subsection shall not be subject to a civil penalty under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30165.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 947; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-414, Sec. 9, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1805.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30115‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(C),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(C),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1403).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (related to Sec. 114),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  80 Stat. 722; Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (2)(B), 88‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1403.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 114, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  726.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The words “fail to issue a certificate required by section 1403
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title” in 15:1397(a)(1)(C) and the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(E)
‚ ‚ ‚  (related to 15:1403) are omitted as surplus. The word “certify” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “furnish . . . the certification” in 15:1403 to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “the time of” and “of such
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment by such manufacturer or distributor” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added for clarity. The word “reasonable” is substituted for “due”
‚ ‚ ‚  in 15:1397(a)(1)(C) for consistency in the revised title. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “to the effect that a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment conforms to all applicable Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standards” are omitted because of the restatement. The words “shown
‚ ‚ ‚  by” are substituted for “in the form of” in 15:1403 for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Pub. L. 106-414 designated existing provisions as subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FOLLOW-UP REPORT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 16, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1808, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “One year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov.
‚ ‚ ‚  1, 2000], the Secretary of Transportation shall report to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress on the implementation of the amendments made by this Act
‚ ‚ ‚  [see Short Title of 2000 Amendment note set out under section 30101
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title] and any recommendations for additional amendments
‚ ‚ ‚  for consumer safety.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30116‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30116. Defects and noncompliance found before sale to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Actions Required of Manufacturers and Distributors. – If,
‚ ‚ ‚  after a manufacturer or distributor sells a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment to a distributor or dealer and before the
‚ ‚ ‚  distributor or dealer sells the vehicle or equipment, it is decided
‚ ‚ ‚  that the vehicle or equipment contains a defect related to motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety or does not comply with applicable motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards prescribed under this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the manufacturer or distributor immediately shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  repurchase the vehicle or equipment at the price paid by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor or dealer, plus transportation charges and reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reimbursement of at least one percent a month of the price paid
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prorated from the date of notice of noncompliance or defect to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of repurchase; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) if a vehicle, the manufacturer or distributor immediately
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall give to the distributor or dealer at the manufacturer’s or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor’s own expense, the part or equipment needed to make
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle comply with the standards or correct the defect.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Distributor or Dealer Installation. – The distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer shall install the part or equipment referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(2) of this section. If the distributor or dealer
‚ ‚ ‚  installs the part or equipment with reasonable diligence after it
‚ ‚ ‚  is received, the manufacturer shall reimburse the distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer for the reasonable value of the installation and a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable reimbursement of at least one percent a month of the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer’s or distributor’s selling price prorated from the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of notice of noncompliance or defect to the date the motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle complies with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter or the defect is corrected.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Establishing Amount Due and Civil Actions. – The parties
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish the value of installation and the amount of
‚ ‚ ‚  reimbursement under this section. If the parties do not agree, or
‚ ‚ ‚  if a manufacturer or distributor refuses to comply with subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) or (b) of this section, the distributor or dealer purchasing
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment may bring a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  action. The action may be brought in a United States district court
‚ ‚ ‚  for the judicial district in which the manufacturer or distributor
‚ ‚ ‚  resides, is found, or has an agent, to recover damages, court
‚ ‚ ‚  costs, and a reasonable attorney’s fee. An action under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section must be brought not later than 3 years after the claim
‚ ‚ ‚  accrues.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 947.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30116(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1400(a) (less‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) (last 97‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 111, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  724.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30116(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1400(a)(2) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97 words).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30116(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1400(b), (c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “as the case may be”, “from such
‚ ‚ ‚  distributor or dealer”, “all . . . involved”, and “by the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer or distributor” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “manufacturer’s or distributor’s”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “his” for clarity. The words “or parts” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted because of 1:1. The words “the vehicle comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  standards or correct the defect” are substituted for “conforming”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “the part or equipment referred to
‚ ‚ ‚  in subsection (a)(2) of this section” are added because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “If the distributor or dealer installs the
‚ ‚ ‚  part or equipment with reasonable diligence after it is received,
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer shall reimburse the distributor or dealer” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “and for the installation involved the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  shall reimburse such distributor or dealer . . . Provided, however,
‚ ‚ ‚  That the distributor or dealer proceeds with reasonable diligence
‚ ‚ ‚  with the installation after the required part, parts or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  are received” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “on or in
‚ ‚ ‚  such vehicle” are omitted as surplus. The words “notice of
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance or defect” are substituted for “notice of such
‚ ‚ ‚  nonconformance”, and the words “complies with applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standards prescribed under this chapter or the
‚ ‚ ‚  defect is corrected” are substituted for “is brought into
‚ ‚ ‚  conformance with applicable Federal standards”, to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words and for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “the amount of reimbursement” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “such reasonable reimbursements” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. The words “by mutual agreement” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “If the parties do not agree” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “or failing such agreement”, and the words “by the
‚ ‚ ‚  court pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted, because of the restatement. The words “the
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of”, “then”, “as the case may be”, and “without
‚ ‚ ‚  respect to the amount in controversy” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “civil action” are substituted for “suit” because of rule 2
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (28 App. U.S.C.). The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “against such manufacturer or distributor” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “judicial” is added for consistency. The words “to recover
‚ ‚ ‚  damages, court costs, and a reasonable attorney’s fee” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “and shall recover the damage by him sustained, as
‚ ‚ ‚  well as all court costs plus reasonable attorneys’ fees”, and the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “must be brought” are substituted for “shall be forever
‚ ‚ ‚  barred unless commenced”, to eliminate unnecessary words. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “claim” is substituted for “cause of action” for consistency.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30117‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30117. Providing information to, and maintaining records on,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purchasers

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Providing Information and Notice. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may require that each manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment provide technical information
‚ ‚ ‚  related to performance and safety required to carry out this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. The Secretary may require the manufacturer to give the
‚ ‚ ‚  following notice of that information when the Secretary decides it
‚ ‚ ‚  is necessary:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to each prospective purchaser of a vehicle or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before the first sale other than for resale at each location at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the vehicle or equipment is offered for sale by a person
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  having a legal relationship with the manufacturer, in a way the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary decides is appropriate.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to the first purchaser of a vehicle or equipment other than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for resale when the vehicle or equipment is bought, in printed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  matter placed in the vehicle or attached to or accompanying the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Maintaining Purchaser Records and Procedures. – (1) A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of a motor vehicle or tire (except a retreaded tire)
‚ ‚ ‚  shall cause to be maintained a record of the name and address of
‚ ‚ ‚  the first purchaser of each vehicle or tire it produces and, to the
‚ ‚ ‚  extent prescribed by regulations of the Secretary, shall cause to
‚ ‚ ‚  be maintained a record of the name and address of the first
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser of replacement equipment (except a tire) that the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer produces. The Secretary may prescribe by regulation
‚ ‚ ‚  the records to be maintained and reasonable procedures for
‚ ‚ ‚  maintaining the records under this subsection, including procedures
‚ ‚ ‚  to be followed by distributors and dealers to assist the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer in obtaining the information required by this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection. A procedure shall be reasonable for the type of vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or tire involved, and shall provide reasonable assurance that a
‚ ‚ ‚  customer list of a distributor or dealer, or similar information,
‚ ‚ ‚  will be made available to a person (except the distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer) only when necessary to carry out this subsection and
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30118-30121, 30166(f), and 30167(a) and (b) of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚  Availability of assistance from a distributor or dealer does not
‚ ‚ ‚  affect an obligation of a manufacturer under this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2)(A) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary may require a distributor or dealer to maintain a
‚ ‚ ‚  record under paragraph (1) of this subsection only if the business
‚ ‚ ‚  of the distributor or dealer is owned or controlled by a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of tires.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) The Secretary shall require each distributor and dealer whose
‚ ‚ ‚  business is not owned or controlled by a manufacturer of tires to
‚ ‚ ‚  give a registration form (containing the tire identification
‚ ‚ ‚  number) to the first purchaser of a tire. The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe the form, which shall be standardized for all tires and
‚ ‚ ‚  designed to allow the purchaser to complete and return it directly
‚ ‚ ‚  to the manufacturer of the tire. The manufacturer shall give
‚ ‚ ‚  sufficient copies of forms to distributors and dealers.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3)(A) The Secretary shall evaluate from time to time how
‚ ‚ ‚  successful the procedures under paragraph (2) of this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  have been in helping to maintain records about first purchasers of
‚ ‚ ‚  tires. After each evaluation, the Secretary shall decide –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the extent to which distributors and dealers have complied
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the procedures;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the extent to which distributors and dealers have
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  encouraged first purchasers of tires to register the tires; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) whether to prescribe for manufacturers, distributors, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  dealers other requirements that the Secretary decides will
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  increase significantly the percentage of first purchasers of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  tires about whom records are maintained.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) The Secretary may prescribe a requirement under subparagraph
‚ ‚ ‚  (A) of this paragraph only if the Secretary decides it is necessary
‚ ‚ ‚  to reduce the risk to motor vehicle safety, after considering –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the cost of the requirement to manufacturers and the burden
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the requirement on distributors and dealers, compared to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  increase in the percentage of first purchasers of tires about
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  whom records would be maintained as a result of the requirement;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the extent to which distributors and dealers have complied
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the procedures in paragraph (2) of this subsection; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the extent to which distributors and dealers have
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  encouraged first purchasers of tires to register the tires.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) A manufacturer of tires shall reimburse distributors and
‚ ‚ ‚  dealers of that manufacturer’s tires for all reasonable costs
‚ ‚ ‚  incurred by the distributors and dealers in complying with a
‚ ‚ ‚  requirement prescribed by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) After making a decision under subparagraph (A) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph, the Secretary shall submit to each House of Congress a
‚ ‚ ‚  report containing a detailed statement of the decision and an
‚ ‚ ‚  explanation of the reasons for the decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Rollover Tests. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Development. – Not later than 2 years from the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) develop a dynamic test on rollovers by motor vehicles for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the purposes of a consumer information program; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) carry out a program of conducting such tests.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Test results. – As the Secretary develops a test under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary shall conduct a rulemaking to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determine how best to disseminate test results to the public.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Motor vehicles covered. – This subsection applies to motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles, including passenger cars, multipurpose passenger
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles, and trucks, with a gross vehicle weight rating of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10,000 pounds or less. A motor vehicle designed to provide
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  temporary residential accommodations is not covered.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 948; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-414, Sec. 12, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 112(d)),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(b)), (E) (related to‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 112(d)), 80 Stat. 722;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2), (3), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 112(d), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 725; May 22, 1970,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 91-265, Sec. 3, 84‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 262.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(b)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(b)(1); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1476; Nov.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  6, 1978, Pub. L. 95-599,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 317, 92 Stat. 2752;‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 15, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-331, Sec. 4(a)(1), 96‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1619.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(b)(2), (3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(b)(2), (3); added Oct.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15, 1982, Pub. L. 97-331,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 4(a)(2), 96 Stat. 1620.
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(B) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d)), (D) (related to 15:1418(b)), and (E) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d)) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “such performance
‚ ‚ ‚  data and other”, “as may be”, “the purposes of”, “performance and
‚ ‚ ‚  technical”, and “to carry out the purposes of this chapter” the 2d
‚ ‚ ‚  time they appear are omitted as surplus. In clause (1), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “such manufacturer’s” and “which may include, but is not limited
‚ ‚ ‚  to, printed matter (A) available for retention by such prospective
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser and (B) sent by mail to such prospective purchaser upon
‚ ‚ ‚  his request” are omitted as surplus. The words “legal relationship”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “contractual, proprietary, or other legal
‚ ‚ ‚  relationship” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “cause to be maintained” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “cause the establishment and maintenance of” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “prescribe by regulation”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “by rule, specify” for consistency and because
‚ ‚ ‚  “rule” and “regulation” are synonymous. The words “under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection” are added for clarity. The word “involved” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “for which they are prescribed” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “the purpose of” and “except that . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . or not” are omitted as surplus. The words “from a distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(A), before clause (i), the words “At the end
‚ ‚ ‚  of the two-year period following the effective date of this
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph” are omitted as expired. In clause (iii), the words “(or
‚ ‚ ‚  any combination of such groups)” are omitted as unnecessary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B), before clause (i), the words “may
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe a requirement” are substituted for “may order by rule the
‚ ‚ ‚  imposition of requirements” for consistency and to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsec. (c)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106-414, which
‚ ‚ ‚  was approved Nov. 1, 2000.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-414 added subsec. (c).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15-PASSENGER VAN SAFETY‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10309(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1942, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – The Secretary of Transportation shall require
‚ ‚ ‚  the testing of 15-passenger vans as part of the rollover resistance
‚ ‚ ‚  program of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s new
‚ ‚ ‚  car assessment program.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) 15-passenger van defined. – In this subsection, the term ’15-
‚ ‚ ‚  passenger van’ means a vehicle that seats 10 to 14 passengers, not
‚ ‚ ‚  including the driver.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30118‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30118. Notification of defects and noncompliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Notification by Secretary. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall notify the manufacturer of a motor vehicle or replacement
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment immediately after making an initial decision (through
‚ ‚ ‚  testing, inspection, investigation, or research carried out under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter, examining communications under section 30166(f) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title, or otherwise) that the vehicle or equipment contains a
‚ ‚ ‚  defect related to motor vehicle safety or does not comply with an
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. The notification shall include the information on which
‚ ‚ ‚  the decision is based. The Secretary shall publish a notice of each
‚ ‚ ‚  decision under this subsection in the Federal Register. Subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30167(a) of this title, the notification and information
‚ ‚ ‚  are available to any interested person.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Defect and Noncompliance Proceedings and Orders. – (1) The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may make a final decision that a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment contains a defect related to motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety or does not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter only after giving the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer an opportunity to present information, views, and
‚ ‚ ‚  arguments showing that there is no defect or noncompliance or that
‚ ‚ ‚  the defect does not affect motor vehicle safety. Any interested
‚ ‚ ‚  person also shall be given an opportunity to present information,
‚ ‚ ‚  views, and arguments.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) If the Secretary decides under paragraph (1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection that the vehicle or equipment contains the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  does not comply, the Secretary shall order the manufacturer to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) give notification under section 30119 of this title to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  owners, purchasers, and dealers of the vehicle or equipment of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) remedy the defect or noncompliance under section 30120 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Notification by Manufacturer. – A manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or replacement equipment shall notify the Secretary by
‚ ‚ ‚  certified mail, and the owners, purchasers, and dealers of the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment as provided in section 30119(d) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section, if the manufacturer –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) learns the vehicle or equipment contains a defect and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decides in good faith that the defect is related to motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) decides in good faith that the vehicle or equipment does
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Exemptions. – On application of a manufacturer, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall exempt the manufacturer from this section if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  decides a defect or noncompliance is inconsequential to motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety. The Secretary may take action under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  only after notice in the Federal Register and an opportunity for
‚ ‚ ‚  any interested person to present information, views, and arguments.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Hearings About Meeting Notification Requirements. – On the
‚ ‚ ‚  motion of the Secretary or on petition of any interested person,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary may conduct a hearing to decide whether the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer has reasonably met the notification requirements under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section. Any interested person may make written and oral
‚ ‚ ‚  presentations of information, views, and arguments on whether the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer has reasonably met the notification requirements. If
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary decides that the manufacturer has not reasonably met
‚ ‚ ‚  the notification requirements, the Secretary shall order the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer to take specified action to meet those requirements
‚ ‚ ‚  and may take any other action authorized under this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 950; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-346, Sec. 101(a) [title III, Sec. 364], Oct. 23, 2000, 114
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1356, 1356A-37; Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 2, Nov. 1, 2000, 114
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1800.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (1st-3d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Secs. 151, 152,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(c) (1st sentence cl.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6)), 156, 157), 80 Stat.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  722; restated Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (1st-3d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  151, 152, 156 (related to‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice), 157 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1470, 1475.
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1411, 1413(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence cl.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6))).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1411.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(c) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence cl. (6)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(c) (1st sentence cl.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6)); added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 102(a),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1472; Oct. 15,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1982, Pub. L. 97-331, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  4(b)(2), 96 Stat. 1620.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1411, 1412, 1413(c) (1st sentence cl. (6)), and 1417) is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “making an initial decision” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “determines” to distinguish the decision from the
‚ ‚ ‚  decision made under subsection (b) of this section. The words “of
‚ ‚ ‚  such determination”, “to the manufacturer”, and “of the Secretary”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus. The words “under this subsection” are added
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “may make a final decision” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “determines”, and the words “prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter” are added, for clarity and consistency in this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), before clause (A), the words “If the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary decides under paragraph (1) of this subsection that the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment contains a defect or does not comply” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added for clarity and because of the restatement. The words “after
‚ ‚ ‚  such presentations by the manufacturer and interested persons” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (A), the words “of the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “A manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  of a motor vehicle or replacement equipment” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “manufactured by him” in 15:1411 for clarity. The words “shall
‚ ‚ ‚  notify” are substituted for “he shall furnish notification to” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “to the Secretary, if
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1411 of this title applies” in 15:1413(c) (1st sentence cl.
‚ ‚ ‚  (6)) are omitted because of the restatement. The words “of the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment” are added for clarity. The words “and he
‚ ‚ ‚  shall remedy the defect or failure to comply in accordance with
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1414 of this title” in 15:1411 are omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the source provisions restated in section 30120 of the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “any requirement under”, “to give
‚ ‚ ‚  notice with respect to”, and “as it relates” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “The Secretary may take action under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection only” are added because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “(including a manufacturer)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The word “information” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “data” for consistency in the revised title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Pub. L. 106-346, Sec. 101(a) [title III, Sec. 364], which
‚ ‚ ‚  directed amendment of this section in subsecs. (a), (b)(1), and
‚ ‚ ‚  (c), by inserting “, original equipment,” before “or replacement
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment” wherever appearing, and in subsec. (c), by redesignating
‚ ‚ ‚  pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, and
‚ ‚ ‚  realigning margins, by substituting “(1) In general. – A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer” for “A manufacturer”, and by adding a new par (2)
‚ ‚ ‚  relating to duty of manufacturers, was repealed by Pub. L. 106-414,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 2. See Construction of 2000 Amendment note below.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CONSTRUCTION OF 2000 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 2, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1800, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “The amendments made to section 30118 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code, by section 364 of the Department of Transportation and
‚ ‚ ‚  Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 [Pub. L. 106-346, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  101(a) [title III, Sec. 364], Oct. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 1356, 1356A-
‚ ‚ ‚  37] are repealed and such section shall be effective as if such
‚ ‚ ‚  amending section had not been enacted.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30119‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30119. Notification procedures

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Contents of Notification. – Notification by a manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  required under section 30118 of this title of a defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a clear description of the defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) an evaluation of the risk to motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably related to the defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the measures to be taken to obtain a remedy of the defect
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a statement that the manufacturer giving notice will remedy
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance without charge under section 30120 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) the earliest date on which the defect or noncompliance will
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  be remedied without charge, and for tires, the period during
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the defect or noncompliance will be remedied without charge
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30120 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) the procedure the recipient of a notice is to follow to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inform the Secretary of Transportation when a manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor, or dealer does not remedy the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance without charge under section 30120 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) other information the Secretary prescribes by regulation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Earliest Remedy Date. – The date specified by a manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  in a notification under subsection (a)(5) of this section or
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30121(c)(2) of this title is the earliest date that parts
‚ ‚ ‚  and facilities reasonably can be expected to be available to remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance. The Secretary may disapprove the date.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Time for Notification. – Notification required under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118 of this title shall be given within a reasonable time –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) prescribed by the Secretary, after the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  receives notice of a final decision under section 30118(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) after the manufacturer first decides that a safety-related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defect or noncompliance exists under section 30118(c) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Means of Providing Notification. – (1) Notification required
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118 of this title about a motor vehicle shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  sent by first class mail –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) to each person registered under State law as the owner and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  whose name and address are reasonably ascertainable by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer through State records or other available sources; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if a registered owner is not notified under clause (A) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this paragraph, to the most recent purchaser known to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Notification required under section 30118 of this title about
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment (except a tire) shall be sent by first class
‚ ‚ ‚  mail to the most recent purchaser known to the manufacturer. In
‚ ‚ ‚  addition, if the Secretary decides that public notice is required
‚ ‚ ‚  for motor vehicle safety, public notice shall be given in the way
‚ ‚ ‚  required by the Secretary after consulting with the manufacturer.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Notification required under section 30118 of this title about
‚ ‚ ‚  a tire shall be sent by first class mail (or, if the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  prefers, by certified mail) to the most recent purchaser known to
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer. In addition, if the Secretary decides that public
‚ ‚ ‚  notice is required for motor vehicle safety, public notice shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  given in the way required by the Secretary after consulting with
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer. In deciding whether public notice is required,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall consider –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the magnitude of the risk to motor vehicle safety caused by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the cost of public notice compared to the additional number
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of owners the notice may reach.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) A dealer to whom a motor vehicle or replacement equipment was
‚ ‚ ‚  delivered shall be notified by certified mail or quicker means if
‚ ‚ ‚  available.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Second Notification. – If the Secretary decides that a
‚ ‚ ‚  notification sent by a manufacturer under this section has not
‚ ‚ ‚  resulted in an adequate number of motor vehicles or items of
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment being returned for remedy, the Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  order the manufacturer to send a 2d notification in the way the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary prescribes by regulation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Notification by Lessor to Lessee. – (1) In this subsection,
‚ ‚ ‚  “leased motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle that is leased to a
‚ ‚ ‚  person for at least 4 months by a lessor that has leased at least 5
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles in the 12 months before the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  notification.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A lessor that receives a notification required by section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118 of this title about a leased motor vehicle shall provide a
‚ ‚ ‚  copy of the notification to the lessee in the way the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribes by regulation.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 951.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(a)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Secs. 153(a)-(c)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence cls. (1)-(5),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentence), 154(b)(2)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d, last sentences)), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 722; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(a), (b), 154(b)(2) (2d,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences); added Oct.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 102(a), 88 Stat. 1471,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1473.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(2) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(2) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(c) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence cls.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(5), last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(c) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence cls.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(5), last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(c) (1st sentence cls.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(5), last sentence);‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  added Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 102(a), 88‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1471, 1472; Oct. 15,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1982, Pub. L. 97-331, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  4(b), 96 Stat. 1620.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(d), (e); added Dec. 18,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1991, Pub. L. 102-240, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2504(a), 105 Stat. 2083.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(a)-(c) (1st sentence cls. (1)-(5), last sentence),
‚ ‚ ‚  1414(b)(2) (2d, last sentences), and 1416) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or item of replacement equipment” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “by a manufacturer” are added for clarity. In clause (3), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “a statement of” are omitted as surplus. In clause (4), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “remedy” is substituted for “cause . . . to be remedied” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (5), the words “(specified
‚ ‚ ‚  in accordance with the second and third sentences of section
‚ ‚ ‚  1414(b)(2) of this title)” are omitted as surplus. In clause (6),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “a description of” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “under section 30120 of this title” are added for consistency with
‚ ‚ ‚  the source provisions restated in this subsection. In clause (7),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “in addition to such . . . as” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “in a notification under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(5) of this section or section 30121(c) of this title” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “In either case” because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “may disapprove” are substituted for “shall be subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  disapproval by” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “Secretary’s” and “that there is
‚ ‚ ‚  a defect or failure to comply” are omitted as surplus. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “final” is added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2), the words “decides that a safety-related
‚ ‚ ‚  defect or noncompliance exists” are substituted for “makes a
‚ ‚ ‚  determination with respect to a defect or failure to comply” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the text of 15:1413(c) (1st sentence words
‚ ‚ ‚  before cl. (1)) is incorporated into each paragraph as appropriate.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(1)(A), the words “who is” and “of such vehicle”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(1)(B), the words “if a registered owner is not
‚ ‚ ‚  notified” are substituted for “unless the registered owner (if any)
‚ ‚ ‚  of such vehicle was notified” for clarity. The words “most recent
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser” are substituted for “first purchaser (or if a more
‚ ‚ ‚  recent purchaser is” for clarity and to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. The words “of each such vehicle containing such defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  failure to comply” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(3), the words “(or, if the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  prefers, by certified mail)” are substituted for 15:1413(c) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(4), the words “or dealers” are omitted because
‚ ‚ ‚  of 1:1. The words “of such manufacturer” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the word “replacement” is added for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency with the source provisions being restated in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (d) of this section.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30120‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30120. Remedies for defects and noncompliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Ways To Remedy. – (1) Subject to subsections (f) and (g) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, when notification of a defect or noncompliance is
‚ ‚ ‚  required under section 30118(b) or (c) of this title, the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of the defective or noncomplying motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment shall remedy the defect or noncompliance
‚ ‚ ‚  without charge when the vehicle or equipment is presented for
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy. Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer shall remedy the defect or noncompliance in any of the
‚ ‚ ‚  following ways the manufacturer chooses:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) if a vehicle –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) by repairing the vehicle;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) by replacing the vehicle with an identical or reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equivalent vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) by refunding the purchase price, less a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  allowance for depreciation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if replacement equipment, by repairing the equipment or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  replacing the equipment with identical or reasonably equivalent
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation may prescribe regulations to
‚ ‚ ‚  allow the manufacturer to impose conditions on the replacement of a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or refund of its price.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Tire Remedies. – (1) A manufacturer of a tire, including an
‚ ‚ ‚  original equipment tire, shall remedy a defective or noncomplying
‚ ‚ ‚  tire if the owner or purchaser presents the tire for remedy not
‚ ‚ ‚  later than 60 days after the later of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the day the owner or purchaser receives notification under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30119 of this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if the manufacturer decides to replace the tire, the day
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the owner or purchaser receives notification that a replacement
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  is available.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) If the manufacturer decides to replace the tire and the
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement is not available during the 60-day period, the owner or
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser must present the tire for remedy during a subsequent 60-
‚ ‚ ‚  day period that begins only after the owner or purchaser receives
‚ ‚ ‚  notification that a replacement will be available during the
‚ ‚ ‚  subsequent period. If tires are available during the subsequent
‚ ‚ ‚  period, only a tire presented for remedy during that period must be
‚ ‚ ‚  remedied.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Adequacy of Repairs. – (1) If a manufacturer decides to
‚ ‚ ‚  repair a defective or noncomplying motor vehicle or replacement
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment and the repair is not done adequately within a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚  time, the manufacturer shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) replace the vehicle or equipment without charge with an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identical or reasonably equivalent vehicle or equipment; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) for a vehicle, refund the purchase price, less a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  allowance for depreciation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Failure to repair a motor vehicle or replacement equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  adequately not later than 60 days after its presentation is prima
‚ ‚ ‚  facie evidence of failure to repair within a reasonable time.
‚ ‚ ‚  However, the Secretary may extend, by order, the 60-day period if
‚ ‚ ‚  good cause for an extension is shown and the reason is published in
‚ ‚ ‚  the Federal Register before the period ends. Presentation of a
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment for repair before the date specified by a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer in a notice under section 30119(a)(5) or 30121(c)(2)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title is not a presentation under this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) If the Secretary determines that a manufacturer’s remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  program is not likely to be capable of completion within a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time, the Secretary may require the manufacturer to
‚ ‚ ‚  accelerate the remedy program if the Secretary finds –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) that there is a risk of serious injury or death if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy program is not accelerated; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) that acceleration of the remedy program can be reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  achieved by expanding the sources of replacement parts, expanding
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the number of authorized repair facilities, or both.

‚ ‚ ‚  The Secretary may prescribe regulations to carry out this
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Filing Manufacturer’s Remedy Program. – A manufacturer shall
‚ ‚ ‚  file with the Secretary a copy of the manufacturer’s program under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section for remedying a defect or noncompliance. The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall make the program available to the public and publish a notice
‚ ‚ ‚  of availability in the Federal Register. A manufacturer’s remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  program shall include a plan for reimbursing an owner or purchaser
‚ ‚ ‚  who incurred the cost of the remedy within a reasonable time in
‚ ‚ ‚  advance of the manufacturer’s notification under subsection (b) or
‚ ‚ ‚  (c) of section 30118. The Secretary may prescribe regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  establishing what constitutes a reasonable time for purposes of the
‚ ‚ ‚  preceding sentence and other reasonable conditions for the
‚ ‚ ‚  reimbursement plan. In the case of a remedy program involving the
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement of tires, the manufacturer shall include a plan
‚ ‚ ‚  addressing how to prevent, to the extent reasonably within the
‚ ‚ ‚  control of the manufacturer, replaced tires from being resold for
‚ ‚ ‚  installation on a motor vehicle, and how to limit, to the extent
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably within the control of the manufacturer, the disposal of
‚ ‚ ‚  replaced tires in landfills, particularly through shredding,
‚ ‚ ‚  crumbling, recycling, recovery, and other alternative beneficial
‚ ‚ ‚  non-vehicular uses. The manufacturer shall include information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the implementation of such plan with each quarterly report to
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary regarding the progress of any notification or remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  campaigns.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Hearings About Meeting Remedy Requirements. – On the motion
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Secretary or on application by any interested person, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may conduct a hearing to decide whether the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  has reasonably met the remedy requirements under this section. Any
‚ ‚ ‚  interested person may make written and oral presentations of
‚ ‚ ‚  information, views, and arguments on whether the manufacturer has
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably met the remedy requirements. If the Secretary decides a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer has not reasonably met the remedy requirements, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall order the manufacturer to take specified action to
‚ ‚ ‚  meet those requirements and may take any other action authorized
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Fair Reimbursement to Dealers. – A manufacturer shall pay
‚ ‚ ‚  fair reimbursement to a dealer providing a remedy without charge
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Nonapplication. – (1) The requirement that a remedy be
‚ ‚ ‚  provided without charge does not apply if the motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment was bought by the first purchaser more than
‚ ‚ ‚  10 calendar years, or the tire, including an original equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  tire, was bought by the first purchaser more than 5 calendar years,
‚ ‚ ‚  before notice is given under section 30118(c) of this title or an
‚ ‚ ‚  order is issued under section 30118(b) of this title, whichever is
‚ ‚ ‚  earlier.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) This section does not apply during any period in which
‚ ‚ ‚  enforcement of an order under section 30118(b) of this title is
‚ ‚ ‚  restrained or the order is set aside in a civil action to which
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30121(d) of this title applies.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Exemptions. – On application of a manufacturer, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall exempt the manufacturer from this section if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  decides a defect or noncompliance is inconsequential to motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety. The Secretary may take action under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  only after notice in the Federal Register and an opportunity for
‚ ‚ ‚  any interested person to present information, views, and arguments.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) Limitation on Sale or Lease. – (1) If notification is
‚ ‚ ‚  required by an order under section 30118(b) of this title or is
‚ ‚ ‚  required under section 30118(c) of this title and the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  has provided to a dealer (including retailers of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment) notification about a new motor vehicle or new item of
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment in the dealer’s possession at the time of
‚ ‚ ‚  notification that contains a defect related to motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  or does not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter, the dealer may sell or lease the
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or item of replacement equipment only if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the defect or noncompliance is remedied as required by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section before delivery under the sale or lease; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) when the notification is required by an order under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b) of this title, enforcement of the order is restrained or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the order is set aside in a civil action to which section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30121(d) of this title applies.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) This subsection does not prohibit a dealer from offering for
‚ ‚ ‚  sale or lease the vehicle or equipment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (j) Prohibition on Sales of Replaced Equipment. – No person may
‚ ‚ ‚  sell or lease any motor vehicle equipment (including a tire), for
‚ ‚ ‚  installation on a motor vehicle, that is the subject of a decision
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118(b) or a notice required under section 30118(c)
‚ ‚ ‚  in a condition that it may be reasonably used for its original
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose unless –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the defect or noncompliance is remedied as required by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section before delivery under the sale or lease; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) notification of the defect or noncompliance is required
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118(b) but enforcement of the order is set aside
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in a civil action to which section 30121(d) applies.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 952; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 106-414, Secs. 4, 6-8, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1803-1805.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Secs. 154(a),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (2)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(1), (2) (1st sentence),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c), 156, 157), 80 Stat.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  722; restated Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  154(a), (b)(1), (2) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (c), 156 (related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to remedy), 157 (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1472, 1474,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1475.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(5)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(1), (2)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(1), (2)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(c)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(3)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(g)(1)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(4)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(4).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(g)(2)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  154(d); added Dec. 18, 1991,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 102-240, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2504(b), 105 Stat. 2083.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a), (b)(1), (2) (1st sentence), and (c), and 1416) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “Subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (f) and (g) of this section” are added for clarity. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “with an applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . which relates to motor vehicle safety” and “pursuant to such
‚ ‚ ‚  notification” are omitted as surplus. The words “shall remedy” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “shall cause such defect or failure to comply in
‚ ‚ ‚  such motor vehicle or such item of replacement equipment to be
‚ ‚ ‚  remedied” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance” are added for clarity. In clauses (A) and (B), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “without charge” are omitted as unnecessary because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “without charge” in this subsection before this clause (A).
‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (A), the words “presented for remedy pursuant to such
‚ ‚ ‚  notification” and “of such motor vehicle in full” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (a)(2) is substituted for 15:1414(a)(2)(A) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), before clause (A), the words “shall remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  a defective or noncomplying tire if” are substituted for “shall not
‚ ‚ ‚  be obligated to remedy such tire if such tire is not” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words and for consistency. The words “pursuant to
‚ ‚ ‚  notification” are omitted as surplus. In clause (B), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “decides to replace the tire” are substituted for “elects
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (b)(2) is substituted for 15:1414(a)(5)(B) to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words before clause (A) are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Whenever a manufacturer has elected under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section to cause the repair of a defect in a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  item of replacement equipment or of a failure of such vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  item of replacement equipment to comply with a motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard, and he has failed to cause such defect or failure to
‚ ‚ ‚  comply to be adequately repaired within a reasonable time, then (A)
‚ ‚ ‚  he shall” to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (A), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “replace” is substituted for “cause . . . to be replaced” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. In clause (B), the word “refund” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “shall cause . . . to be refunded” for consistency. The words “in
‚ ‚ ‚  full” and “and if the manufacturer so elects)” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2), the word “presentation” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “tender” for clarity. The words “for repair” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The last sentence is substituted for 15:1414(b)(2) (1st
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “(including a manufacturer)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The word “information” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “data” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the word “fair” is substituted for “fair and
‚ ‚ ‚  equitable” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “for such
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy” are omitted as surplus. The words “providing a” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “who effects” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(2), the words “In the case of notification
‚ ‚ ‚  required by an order” are omitted as unnecessary. The word “civil”
‚ ‚ ‚  is added because of rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
‚ ‚ ‚  (28 App. U.S.C.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the words “any requirement under”, “or to
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy”, and “as it relates” are omitted as surplus. The words “The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may take action under this subsection only” are added
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 6(a), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (3).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 7, inserted at end “In the
‚ ‚ ‚  case of a remedy program involving the replacement of tires, the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer shall include a plan addressing how to prevent, to the
‚ ‚ ‚  extent reasonably within the control of the manufacturer, replaced
‚ ‚ ‚  tires from being resold for installation on a motor vehicle, and
‚ ‚ ‚  how to limit, to the extent reasonably within the control of the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer, the disposal of replaced tires in landfills,
‚ ‚ ‚  particularly through shredding, crumbling, recycling, recovery, and
‚ ‚ ‚  other alternative beneficial non-vehicular uses. The manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  shall include information about the implementation of such plan
‚ ‚ ‚  with each quarterly report to the Secretary regarding the progress
‚ ‚ ‚  of any notification or remedy campaigns.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 6(b), inserted at end “A manufacturer’s
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy program shall include a plan for reimbursing an owner or
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser who incurred the cost of the remedy within a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚  time in advance of the manufacturer’s notification under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b) or (c) of section 30118. The Secretary may prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  regulations establishing what constitutes a reasonable time for
‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of the preceding sentence and other reasonable conditions
‚ ‚ ‚  for the reimbursement plan.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 4, substituted “10 calendar
‚ ‚ ‚  years” for “8 calendar years” and “5 calendar years” for “3
‚ ‚ ‚  calendar years”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 8, added subsec. (j).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 105-178 inserted “(including
‚ ‚ ‚  retailers of motor vehicle equipment)” after “provided to a dealer”
‚ ‚ ‚  in introductory provisions.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30121‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30121. Provisional notification and civil actions to enforce

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Provisional Notification. – (1) The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may order a manufacturer to issue a provisional
‚ ‚ ‚  notification if a civil action about an order issued under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b) of this title has been brought under section 30163 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title. The provisional notification shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) a statement that the Secretary has decided that a defect
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related to motor vehicle safety or noncompliance with a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter exists and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the manufacturer is contesting the decision in a civil
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action in a United States district court;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) a clear description of the Secretary’s stated basis for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decision;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the Secretary’s evaluation of the risk to motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety reasonably related to the defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) measures the Secretary considers necessary to avoid an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unreasonable risk to motor vehicle safety resulting from the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) a statement that the manufacturer will remedy the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance without charge under section 30120 of this title,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  but that the requirement to remedy without charge is conditioned
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on the outcome of the civil action; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (F) other information the Secretary prescribes by regulation or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  includes in the order requiring the notice.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A notification under this subsection does not relieve a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of liability for not giving notification required by
‚ ‚ ‚  an order under section 30118(b) of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Civil Actions for Not Notifying. – (1) A manufacturer that
‚ ‚ ‚  does not notify owners and purchasers under section 30119(c) and
‚ ‚ ‚  (d) of this title is liable to the United States Government for a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil penalty, unless the manufacturer prevails in a civil action
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsection (a) of this section or the court in that
‚ ‚ ‚  action enjoins enforcement of the order. Enforcement may be
‚ ‚ ‚  enjoined only if the court decides that the failure to notify is
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable and that the manufacturer has demonstrated the
‚ ‚ ‚  likelihood of prevailing on the merits. If enforcement is enjoined,
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer is not liable during the time the order is stayed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A manufacturer that does not notify owners and purchasers as
‚ ‚ ‚  required under subsection (a) of this section is liable for a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty regardless of whether the manufacturer prevails in an
‚ ‚ ‚  action on the validity of the order issued under section 30118(b)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Orders to Manufacturers. – If the Secretary prevails in a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil action referred to in subsection (a) of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall order the manufacturer –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to notify each owner, purchaser, and dealer described in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30119(d) of this title of the outcome of the action and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  other information the Secretary requires, and notification under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this clause may be combined with notification required under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30118(b) of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to specify the earliest date under section 30119(b) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title on which the defect or noncompliance will be remedied
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  without charge under section 30120 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) if notification was required under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section, to reimburse an owner or purchaser for reasonable and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  necessary expenses (in an amount that is not more than the amount
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  specified in the order of the Secretary under subsection (a))
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  incurred for repairing the defect or noncompliance during the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  period beginning on the date that notification was required to be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  issued and ending on the date the owner or purchaser receives the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notification under this subsection.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Venue. – Notwithstanding section 30163(c) of this title, a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil action about an order issued under section 30118(b) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title must be brought in the United States district court for a
‚ ‚ ‚  judicial district in the State in which the manufacturer is
‚ ‚ ‚  incorporated or the District of Columbia. On motion of a party, the
‚ ‚ ‚  court may transfer the action to another district court if good
‚ ‚ ‚  cause is shown. All actions related to the same order under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b) shall be consolidated in an action in one judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district under an order of the court in which the first action was
‚ ‚ ‚  brought. If the first action is transferred to another court, that
‚ ‚ ‚  court shall issue the consolidation order.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 954.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 155), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 722; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  155(b)-(d); added Oct. 27,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1474.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(c)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(d)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(a)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  155(a); added Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 102(a),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1474; Nov. 8, 1984,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 98-620, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  402(17), 98 Stat. 3358.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “and to which
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section applies” are omitted because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. In clause (A), the words “prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter” are substituted for “Federal”, and the words “civil
‚ ‚ ‚  action” are substituted for “proceeding”, for consistency. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (B), the words “that there is such a defect or failure” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (D), the word “considers” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “which in the judgment of . . . are” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. In clause (E), the word “remedy” is substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “cause . . . to be remedied” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “civil action” are substituted for “court proceeding” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “with respect to such failure to
‚ ‚ ‚  notify” are omitted as surplus. The word “enjoins” is substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “restrains” for consistency. The words “of such an order” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “for which the effectiveness of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “by an order”, “or not”, and “(to
‚ ‚ ‚  which subsection (a) of the section applies)” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “a civil action
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsection (a) of this section” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) a manufacturer fails within the period specified in section
‚ ‚ ‚  1413(b) of this title to comply with an order under section 1412(b)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title to afford notification to owners and purchasers, (ii)
‚ ‚ ‚  a civil action to which subsection (a) of this section applies is
‚ ‚ ‚  commenced with respect to such order, and (iii) . . . in such
‚ ‚ ‚  action” to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (1), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “action” is substituted for “proceeding” for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “containing” and “by an order” are omitted as surplus. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (2), the words “under section 30119(b) of this title” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “(in accordance with the second and third sentences
‚ ‚ ‚  of section 1414(b) of this title)” for clarity. The words “under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30120 of this title” are added for clarity. In clause (3),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “which are . . . by such owner or purchaser”, “the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of”, and “to which the order relates” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “Notwithstanding section 30163(c) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title” are added for clarity. The words “An action under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1399(a) of this title to restrain a violation of an order .
‚ ‚ ‚  . . or under section 1398 of this title to collect a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  with respect to a violation of such an order” and “to which the
‚ ‚ ‚  order applies” are omitted as surplus. The words “may transfer the
‚ ‚ ‚  action” are substituted for “orders a change of venue” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency with 28:1404. The words “(including enforcement
‚ ‚ ‚  actions)” are omitted as surplus. The words “that court shall issue
‚ ‚ ‚  the consolidation order” are substituted for “by order of such
‚ ‚ ‚  other court” for clarity.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30122‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30122. Making safety devices and elements inoperative

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “motor vehicle repair
‚ ‚ ‚  business” means a person holding itself out to the public to repair
‚ ‚ ‚  for compensation a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Prohibition. – A manufacturer, distributor, dealer, or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle repair business may not knowingly make inoperative any part
‚ ‚ ‚  of a device or element of design installed on or in a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or motor vehicle equipment in compliance with an applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer, distributor, dealer, or repair business reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚  believes the vehicle or equipment will not be used (except for
‚ ‚ ‚  testing or a similar purpose during maintenance or repair) when the
‚ ‚ ‚  device or element is inoperative.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Regulations. – The Secretary of Transportation may prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  regulations –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to exempt a person from this section if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decides the exemption is consistent with motor vehicle safety and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30101 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to define “make inoperative”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Nonapplication. – This section does not apply to a safety
‚ ‚ ‚  belt interlock or buzzer designed to indicate a safety belt is not
‚ ‚ ‚  in use as described in section 30124 of this title.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 956.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(A)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (last sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(a)(2)(A)- (C); added ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a) (1)(A),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1477.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(A)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(C).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (a) and (c), the words “the term” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “in the business of” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “an applicable motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter” are substituted for “an
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “of design” the 2d time they appear and “rendered” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “section 30101 of this title” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “the purposes of this chapter” as being more
‚ ‚ ‚  precise.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “with respect . . . the rendering
‚ ‚ ‚  inoperative of” are omitted as surplus.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30123‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30123. Tires

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Regrooved Tire Limitations. – (1) In this subsection,
‚ ‚ ‚  “regrooved tire” means a tire with a new tread produced by cutting
‚ ‚ ‚  into the tread of a worn tire.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may authorize the sale, offer for sale,
‚ ‚ ‚  introduction for sale, or delivery for introduction in interstate
‚ ‚ ‚  commerce, of a regrooved tire or a motor vehicle equipped with
‚ ‚ ‚  regrooved tires if the Secretary decides the tires are designed and
‚ ‚ ‚  made in a way consistent with section 30101 of this title. A person
‚ ‚ ‚  may not sell, offer for sale, introduce for sale, or deliver for
‚ ‚ ‚  introduction in interstate commerce, a regrooved tire or a vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipped with regrooved tires unless authorized by the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Uniform Quality Grading System, Nomenclature, and Marketing
‚ ‚ ‚  Practices. – The Secretary shall prescribe through standards a
‚ ‚ ‚  uniform quality grading system for motor vehicle tires to help
‚ ‚ ‚  consumers make an informed choice when purchasing tires. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary also shall cooperate with industry and the Federal Trade
‚ ‚ ‚  Commission to the greatest extent practicable to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  deceptive and confusing tire nomenclature and marketing practices.
‚ ‚ ‚  A tire standard or regulation prescribed under this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  supersedes an order or administrative interpretation of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Commission.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Maximum Load Standards. – The Secretary shall require a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle to be equipped with tires that meet maximum load standards
‚ ‚ ‚  when the vehicle is loaded with a reasonable amount of luggage and
‚ ‚ ‚  the total number of passengers the vehicle is designed to carry.
‚ ‚ ‚  The vehicle shall be equipped with those tires by the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  or by the first purchaser when the vehicle is first bought in good
‚ ‚ ‚  faith other than for resale.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 956; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421 (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 201-203,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  204(c), 205, 80 Stat. 728,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421 (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421 (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 204(a), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 729; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  110(c), 88 Stat. 1484.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1423.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1425.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1422.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (a) and (d)(2), the words “section 30101 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title” are substituted for “the purposes of this chapter” as being
‚ ‚ ‚  more precise.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “to a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter” are substituted for “In all
‚ ‚ ‚  standards for . . . established under subchapter I of this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  . . . thereto” for consistency and because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(A) and (B), the word “suitable” is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(C), the words “for a tire containing” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “unless the tire contains . . . in which case it
‚ ‚ ‚  shall also contain” to eliminate unnecessary words. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “allowing” is substituted for “which would permit” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3), the word “actual” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(5)(A), the word “statement” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “recital” for clarity. The words “complies with” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “conforms to”, the words “prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal”, and the word “or” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “except that in lieu of such recital”, for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(5)(B), the word “appropriate” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(2), the words “by order” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “a regrooved tire or a motor vehicle equipped
‚ ‚ ‚  with regrooved tires” are substituted for “any tire or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipped with any tire which has been regrooved” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. The words “A person may not . . . unless authorized by
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary” are substituted for “No person shall” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency in the revised title. The word “introduce” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “introduction” after “or” to correct a mistake.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “The Secretary shall prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  through standards” are substituted for “within two years after
‚ ‚ ‚  September 9, 1966, the Secretary shall, through standards
‚ ‚ ‚  established under subchapter I of this chapter, prescribe by order,
‚ ‚ ‚  and publish in the Federal Register” in 15:1423 to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary and executed words. The text of 15:1423 (2d sentence)
‚ ‚ ‚  is omitted as executed. The last sentence is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1425 to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the words “In standards established under
‚ ‚ ‚  subchapter I of this chapter” and “fully” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “The vehicle shall be equipped” are added for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Pub. L. 105-178 redesignated subsecs. (d) to (f) as (a) to
‚ ‚ ‚  (c), respectively, and struck out former subsecs. (a) to (c), which
‚ ‚ ‚  related to labeling requirements, contents of label, and additional
‚ ‚ ‚  information that may be required, respectively.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVED TIRE INFORMATION‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 11, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Tire Labeling. – Within 30 days after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall initiate a rulemaking proceeding to improve
‚ ‚ ‚  the labeling of tires required by section 30123 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code[,] to assist consumers in identifying tires that may be
‚ ‚ ‚  the subject of a decision under section 30118(b) [of title 49] or a
‚ ‚ ‚  notice required under section 30118(c). The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete the rulemaking not later than June 1, 2002.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Inflation Levels and Load Limits. – In the rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  initiated under subsection (a), the Secretary may take whatever
‚ ‚ ‚  additional action is appropriate to ensure that the public is aware
‚ ‚ ‚  of the importance of observing motor vehicle tire load limits and
‚ ‚ ‚  maintaining proper tire inflation levels for the safe operation of
‚ ‚ ‚  a motor vehicle. Such additional action may include a requirement
‚ ‚ ‚  that the manufacturer of motor vehicles provide the purchasers of
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicles information on appropriate tire inflation levels
‚ ‚ ‚  and load limits if the Secretary determines that requiring such
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers to provide such information is the most appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚  way such information can be provided.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TIRE PRESSURE WARNING‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 13, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete a rulemaking for a regulation to require a warning system
‚ ‚ ‚  in new motor vehicles to indicate to the operator when a tire is
‚ ‚ ‚  significantly under inflated. Such requirement shall become
‚ ‚ ‚  effective not later than 2 years after the date of the completion
‚ ‚ ‚  of such rulemaking.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30124‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30124. Buzzers indicating nonuse of safety belts

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  A motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter may
‚ ‚ ‚  not require or allow a manufacturer to comply with the standard by
‚ ‚ ‚  using a safety belt interlock designed to prevent starting or
‚ ‚ ‚  operating a motor vehicle if an occupant is not using a safety belt
‚ ‚ ‚  or a buzzer designed to indicate a safety belt is not in use,
‚ ‚ ‚  except a buzzer that operates only during the 8-second period after
‚ ‚ ‚  the ignition is turned to the “start” or “on” position.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 957.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30124‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410b.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  125; added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 109, 88
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1482.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The text of 15:1410b(a) and (c)-(e) is omitted as obsolete. The
‚ ‚ ‚  text of 15:1410b(b)(2) and (3) and (f)(2) and (3) is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary because of the restatement. The words “After the
‚ ‚ ‚  effective date of the amendment prescribed under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section” are omitted as executed. The words “prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are substituted for “Federal” for consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30125‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30125. Schoolbuses and schoolbus equipment

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definitions. – In this section –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “schoolbus” means a passenger motor vehicle designed to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  carry a driver and more than 10 passengers, that the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation decides is likely to be used significantly to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transport preprimary, primary, and secondary school students to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or from school or an event related to school.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “schoolbus equipment” means equipment designed primarily
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for a schoolbus or manufactured or sold to replace or improve a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  system, part, or component of a schoolbus or as an accessory or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  addition to a schoolbus.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Standards. – The Secretary shall prescribe motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards for schoolbuses and schoolbus equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured in, or imported into, the United States. Standards
‚ ‚ ‚  shall include minimum performance requirements for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) emergency exits;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) interior protection for occupants;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) floor strength;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) seating systems;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) crashworthiness of body and frame (including protection
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  against rollover hazards);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) vehicle operating systems;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) windows and windshields; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) fuel systems.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Test Driving by Manufacturers. – The Secretary may require by
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation a schoolbus to be test-driven by a manufacturer before
‚ ‚ ‚  introduction in commerce.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 957.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(14), (15).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(14), (15); added Oct.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 201, 88 Stat. 1484.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(i)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(i)(1), (2); added Oct.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 202, 88 Stat. 1484;‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  July 8, 1976, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  94-346, Sec. 2, 90 Stat. 815.
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(i)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(F).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(a)(1)(F); added Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  203, 88 Stat. 1485.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “the purpose of” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “any similar part or component”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(i)(1)(A) (1st sentence) and (B) (words before 2d comma) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed. The word “prescribe” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “promulgate”, and the word “Federal” is omitted, for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “Such proposed standards” and “those aspects of
‚ ‚ ‚  performance set out in clauses (i) through (viii) of subparagraph
‚ ‚ ‚  (A) of this paragraph” are omitted because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  word “requirements” is substituted for “standards” to avoid using
‚ ‚ ‚  “standards” in 2 different ways. The text of 15:1392(i)(1)(B) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  6 words) is omitted as executed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(F) is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary because of the restatement.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30126‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30126. Used motor vehicles

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  To ensure a continuing and effective national safety program, it
‚ ‚ ‚  is the policy of the United States Government to encourage and
‚ ‚ ‚  strengthen State inspection of used motor vehicles. Therefore, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe uniform motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards applicable to all used motor vehicles. The
‚ ‚ ‚  standards shall be stated in terms of motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  performance.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 958.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30126‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(b)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d-last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(b)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d-last sentences), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 722.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The words “In order” are omitted as surplus. The words “United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Government” are substituted for “Congress” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the revised title. The words “Therefore, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe uniform motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards applicable to all used motor vehicles” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for 15:1397(b)(1) (4th sentence) to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary and executed words. The text of 15:1397(b)(1) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) is omitted as unnecessary because of 5:ch. 5, subch. II.
‚ ‚ ‚  The text of 15:1397(b)(1) (3d sentence) is omitted as executed.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30127‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30127. Automatic occupant crash protection and seat belt use

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definitions. – In this section –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “bus” means a motor vehicle with motive power (except a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trailer) designed to carry more than 10 individuals.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “multipurpose passenger vehicle” means a motor vehicle with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motive power (except a trailer), designed to carry not more than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10 individuals, that is constructed either on a truck chassis or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with special features for occasional off-road operation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “passenger car” means a motor vehicle with motive power
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (except a multipurpose passenger vehicle, motorcycle, or trailer)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designed to carry not more than 10 individuals.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “truck” means a motor vehicle with motive power (except a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trailer) designed primarily to transport property or special
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purpose equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Inflatable Restraint Requirements. – (1) Not later than
‚ ‚ ‚  September 1, 1993, the Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter an amendment to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208 issued under the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  Safety Act of 1966. The amendment shall require that the automatic
‚ ‚ ‚  occupant crash protection system for both of the front outboard
‚ ‚ ‚  seating positions for each of the following vehicles be an
‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraint (with lap and shoulder belts) complying with
‚ ‚ ‚  the occupant protection requirements under section 4.1.2.1 of
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) 95 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger cars manufactured after August 31, 1996, and before
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  September 1, 1997.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) 80 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  buses, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks (except walk-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in van-type trucks and vehicles designed to be sold only to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States Postal Service) with a gross vehicle weight rating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of not more than 8,500 pounds and an unloaded vehicle weight of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not more than 5,500 pounds manufactured after August 31, 1997,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and before September 1, 1998.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) 100 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger cars manufactured after August 31, 1997.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) 100 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles described in clause (B) of this paragraph manufactured
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  after August 31, 1998.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Manufacturers may not use credits and incentives available
‚ ‚ ‚  before September 1, 1998, under the provisions of Standard 208 (as
‚ ‚ ‚  amended by this section) to comply with the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1)(D) of this subsection after August 31, 1998.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Owner Manual Requirements. – In amending Standard 208, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall require, to be effective as soon
‚ ‚ ‚  as possible after the amendment is prescribed, that owner manuals
‚ ‚ ‚  for passenger cars, buses, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and
‚ ‚ ‚  trucks equipped with an inflatable restraint include a statement in
‚ ‚ ‚  an easily understandable format stating that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) either or both of the front outboard seating positions of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle are equipped with an inflatable restraint referred to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  as an “airbag” and a lap and shoulder belt;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the “airbag” is a supplemental restraint and is not a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substitute for lap and shoulder belts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) lap and shoulder belts also must be used correctly by an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  occupant in a front outboard seating position to provide
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraint or protection from frontal crashes as well as other
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  types of crashes or accidents; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) occupants should always wear their lap and shoulder belts,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  if available, or other safety belts, whether or not there is an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraint.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Seat Belt Use Laws. – Congress finds that it is in the public
‚ ‚ ‚  interest for each State to adopt and enforce mandatory seat belt
‚ ‚ ‚  use laws and for the United States Government to adopt and enforce
‚ ‚ ‚  mandatory seat belt use regulations.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Temporary Exemptions. – (1) On application of a manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation may exempt, on a temporary basis,
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles of that manufacturer from any requirement under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (b) and (c) of this section on terms the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  considers appropriate. An exemption may be renewed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation may grant an exemption under
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) of this subsection if the Secretary finds that there
‚ ‚ ‚  has been a disruption in the supply of any component of an
‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraint or in the use and installation of that
‚ ‚ ‚  component by the manufacturer because of an unavoidable event not
‚ ‚ ‚  under the control of the manufacturer that will prevent the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer from meeting its anticipated production volume of
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles with those restraints.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Only an affected manufacturer may apply for an exemption. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe in the amendment to
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208 required under this section the information an
‚ ‚ ‚  affected manufacturer must include in its application under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection. The manufacturer shall specify in the application the
‚ ‚ ‚  models, lines, and types of vehicles affected. The Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  consolidate similar applications from different manufacturers.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) An exemption or renewal of an exemption is conditioned on the
‚ ‚ ‚  commitment of the manufacturer to recall the exempted vehicles for
‚ ‚ ‚  installation of the omitted inflatable restraints within a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time that the manufacturer proposes and the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation approves after the components become available in
‚ ‚ ‚  sufficient quantities to satisfy both anticipated production and
‚ ‚ ‚  recall volume requirements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) The Secretary of Transportation shall publish in the Federal
‚ ‚ ‚  Register a notice of each application under this subsection and
‚ ‚ ‚  each decision to grant or deny a temporary exemption and the
‚ ‚ ‚  reasons for the decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) The Secretary of Transportation shall require a label for
‚ ‚ ‚  each exempted vehicle that can be removed only after recall and
‚ ‚ ‚  installation of the required inflatable restraint. The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall require that written notice of the exemption be provided to
‚ ‚ ‚  the dealer and the first purchaser of each exempted vehicle other
‚ ‚ ‚  than for resale, with the notice being provided in a way, and
‚ ‚ ‚  containing the information, the Secretary considers appropriate.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Application. – (1) This section revises, but does not
‚ ‚ ‚  replace, Standard 208 as in effect on December 18, 1991, including
‚ ‚ ‚  the amendment of March 26, 1991 (56 Fed. Reg. 12472), to Standard
‚ ‚ ‚  208, extending the requirements for automatic crash protection,
‚ ‚ ‚  with incentives for more innovative automatic crash protection, to
‚ ‚ ‚  trucks, buses, and multipurpose passenger vehicles. This section
‚ ‚ ‚  may not be construed as –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) affecting another provision of law carried out by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation applicable to passenger cars, buses,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  multipurpose passenger vehicles, or trucks; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) establishing a precedent related to developing or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribing a Government motor vehicle safety standard.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) This section and amendments to Standard 208 made under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section may not be construed as indicating an intention by Congress
‚ ‚ ‚  to affect any liability of a motor vehicle manufacturer under
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable law related to vehicles with or without inflatable
‚ ‚ ‚  restraints.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Report. – (1) On October 1, 1992, and annually after that
‚ ‚ ‚  date through October 1, 2000, the Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  submit reports on the effectiveness of occupant restraint systems
‚ ‚ ‚  expressed as a percentage reduction in fatalities or injuries of
‚ ‚ ‚  restrained occupants compared to unrestrained occupants for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) a combination of inflated restraints and lap and shoulder
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  belts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) inflated restraints only; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) lap and shoulder belts only.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) In consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and Defense,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation also shall provide information and
‚ ‚ ‚  analysis on lap and shoulder belt use, nationally and in each State
‚ ‚ ‚  by –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) military personnel;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Government, State, and local law enforcement officers;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) other Government and State employees; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) the public.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Airbags for Government Cars. – In cooperation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Administrator of General Services and the heads of appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚  departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall establish a program, consistent
‚ ‚ ‚  with applicable procurement laws of the Government and available
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriations, requiring that all passenger cars acquired –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) after September 30, 1994, for use by the Government be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipped, to the maximum extent practicable, with driver-side
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraints; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) after September 30, 1996, for use by the Government be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipped, to the maximum extent practicable, with inflatable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraints for both front outboard seating positions.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 958; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(c), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2502(a), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2081.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence), (b), 105‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2084, 2085.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(2),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105 Stat. 2085.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(3),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105 Stat. 2085.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(c), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2086.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (last sentence), (d), 105‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2085, 2086.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(g)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(e), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2086.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(f), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2087.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the definitions are derived from section
‚ ‚ ‚  2502(a) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  1991 (Public Law 102-240, 105 Stat. 2081) and are restated because
‚ ‚ ‚  those definitions apply to the source provisions being restated in
‚ ‚ ‚  this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), before clause (A), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “Notwithstanding any other provision of law or rule” and “(to the
‚ ‚ ‚  extent such Act is not in conflict with the provisions of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section)” are omitted as unnecessary because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “The amendment shall require” are substituted for “The
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment promulgated under subsection (a) shall establish the
‚ ‚ ‚  following schedule” for clarity. The words “manufactured on or
‚ ‚ ‚  after the dates specified in the applicable schedule established by
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)”, “The amendment shall take effect”, and “Subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  the provisions of subsection (c)” are omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. The words “for both of the front
‚ ‚ ‚  outboard seating positions for each” are substituted for “for the
‚ ‚ ‚  front outboard designated seating positions of each” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (B), the word “new” is omitted as unnecessary because of
‚ ‚ ‚  the restatement. The word “only” is substituted for “exclusively”
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “after August 31, 1998” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “on and after such date” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “In amending
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208, the Secretary of Transportation shall require” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “The amendment to such Standard 208 shall also
‚ ‚ ‚  require” for clarity and to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e)(3), the words “Only an affected manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  may apply for an exemption” are added for clarity. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “consolidate similar applications from different manufacturers” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “consolidate applications of a similar nature of 1
‚ ‚ ‚  or more manufacturers” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f)(1), before clause (A), the words “by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary or any other person, including any court” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (A), the word “affecting” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “altering or affecting” to eliminate an unnecessary word.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f)(2), the words “by any person or court” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as unnecessary. The word “affect” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “affect, change, or modify” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(1), before clause (A), the words “and every 6
‚ ‚ ‚  months after that date through” are substituted for “biannually . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . and continuing to” for clarity. The word “actual” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary. The word “expressed” is substituted for “defined” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(2)(C), the words “other Government and State
‚ ‚ ‚  employees” are substituted for “Federal and State employees other
‚ ‚ ‚  than law enforcement officers” for clarity and because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h)(2), the words “for both front outboard seating
‚ ‚ ‚  positions” are substituted for “for both the driver and front seat
‚ ‚ ‚  outboard seating positions” for clarity and consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  section.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966,
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is Pub. L. 89-563, Sept. 9, 1966, 80
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718, as amended, which was classified generally to chapter 38
‚ ‚ ‚  (Sec. 1381 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, and was
‚ ‚ ‚  substantially repealed by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994,
‚ ‚ ‚  108 Stat. 1379, and reenacted by the first section thereof as this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 105-178 substituted “annually” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “every 6 months” in introductory provisions.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVING THE SAFETY OF CHILD RESTRAINTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 107-318, Dec. 4, 2002, 116 Stat. 2772, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This Act may be cited as ‘Anton’s Law’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Congress finds the following:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) It is the policy of the Department of Transportation that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  all child occupants of motor vehicles, regardless of seating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  position, be appropriately restrained in order to reduce the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  incidence of injuries and fatalities resulting from motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  crashes on the streets, roads, and highways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Research has shown that very few children between the ages
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of 4 to 8 years old are in the appropriate restraint for their
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  age when riding in passenger motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Children who have outgrown their child safety seats should
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  ride in a belt-positioning booster seat until an adult seat belt
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  fits properly.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Children who were properly restrained when riding in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger motor vehicles suffered less severe injuries from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  accidents than children not properly restrained.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 3. IMPROVEMENT OF SAFETY OF CHILD RESTRAINTS IN PASSENGER
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  MOTOR VEHICLES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – The Secretary of Transportation (hereafter
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall initiate a rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding to establish performance requirements for child
‚ ‚ ‚  restraints, including booster seats, for the restraint of children
‚ ‚ ‚  weighing more than 50 pounds.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Elements for Consideration. – In the rulemaking proceeding
‚ ‚ ‚  required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) consider whether to include injury performance criteria
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for child restraints, including booster seats and other products
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for use in passenger motor vehicles for the restraint of children
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weighing more than 50 pounds, under the requirements established
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the rulemaking proceeding;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) consider whether to establish performance requirements for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  seat belt fit when used with booster seats and other belt
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  guidance devices;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) consider whether to address situations where children
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weighing more than 50 pounds only have access to seating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  positions with lap belts, such as allowing tethered child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraints for such children; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) review the definition of the term ‘booster seat’ in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Federal motor vehicle safety standard No. 213 under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  571.213 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, to determine if
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  it is sufficiently comprehensive.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Completion. – The Secretary shall complete the rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding required by subsection (a) not later than 30 months
‚ ‚ ‚  after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002].

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 4. DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHROPOMORPHIC TEST DEVICE SIMULATING A
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10-YEAR OLD CHILD.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Development and Evaluation. – Not later than 24 months after
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall develop and evaluate an anthropomorphic test device that
‚ ‚ ‚  simulates a 10-year old child for use in testing child restraints
‚ ‚ ‚  used in passenger motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Adoption by Rulemaking. – Within 1 year following the
‚ ‚ ‚  development and evaluation carried out under subsection (a), the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall initiate a rulemaking proceeding for the adoption
‚ ‚ ‚  of an anthropomorphic test device as developed under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 5. REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTALLATION OF LAP AND SHOULDER BELTS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – Not later than 24 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary shall complete
‚ ‚ ‚  a rulemaking proceeding to amend Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard No. 208 under section 571.208 of title 49, Code of Federal
‚ ‚ ‚  Regulations, relating to occupant crash protection, in order to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) require a lap and shoulder belt assembly for each rear
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designated seating position in a passenger motor vehicle with a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or less, except that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  if the Secretary determines that installation of a lap and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shoulder belt assembly is not practicable for a particular
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designated seating position in a particular type of passenger
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle, the Secretary may exclude the designated seating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  position from the requirement; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) apply that requirement to passenger motor vehicles in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phases in accordance with subsection (b).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Implementation Schedule. – The requirement prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(1) shall be implemented in phases on a production
‚ ‚ ‚  year basis beginning with the production year that begins not later
‚ ‚ ‚  than 12 months after the end of the year in which the regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  are prescribed under subsection (a). The final rule shall apply to
‚ ‚ ‚  all passenger motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of
‚ ‚ ‚  10,000 pounds or less that are manufactured in the third production
‚ ‚ ‚  year of the implementation phase-in under the schedule.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 6. EVALUATION OF INTEGRATED CHILD SAFETY SYSTEMS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Evaluation. – Not later than 180 days after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary shall initiate
‚ ‚ ‚  an evaluation of integrated or built-in child restraints and
‚ ‚ ‚  booster seats. The evaluation should include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the safety of the child restraint and correctness of fit
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for the child;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) the availability of testing data on the system and vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in which the child restraint will be used;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) the compatibility of the child restraint with different
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  makes and models;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) the cost-effectiveness of mass production of the child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraint for consumers;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) the ease of use and relative availability of the child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraint to children riding in motor vehicles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) the benefits of built-in seats for improving compliance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with State child occupant restraint laws.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Report. – Not later than 12 months after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary shall transmit
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of
‚ ‚ ‚  Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation of the Senate a report of this evaluation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 7. DEFINITIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “As used in this Act, the following definitions apply:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Child restraint. – The term ‘child restraint’ means any
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  product designed to provide restraint to a child (including
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  booster seats and other products used with a lap and shoulder
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  belt assembly) that meets applicable Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards prescribed by the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Administration.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Production year. – The term ‘production year’ means the 12-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  month period between September 1 of a year and August 31 of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  following year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Passenger motor vehicle. – The term ‘passenger motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle’ has the meaning given that term in section 405(f)(5) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title 23, United States Code.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 8. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – There are authorized to be appropriated
‚ ‚ ‚  $5,000,000 to the Secretary of Transportation for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the evaluation required by section 6 of this Act; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) research of the nature and causes of injury to children
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in motor vehicle crashes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Limitation. – Funds appropriated under subsection (a) shall
‚ ‚ ‚  not be available for the general administrative expenses of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 14, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – Not later than 12 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall initiate a rulemaking for the purpose of
‚ ‚ ‚  improving the safety of child restraints, including minimizing head
‚ ‚ ‚  injuries from side impact collisions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Elements for Consideration. – In the rulemaking required by
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) whether to require more comprehensive tests for child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraints than the current Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards requires, including the use of dynamic tests that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) replicate an array of crash conditions, such as side-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  impact crashes and rear-impact crashes; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) reflect the designs of passenger motor vehicles as of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000];
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) whether to require the use of anthropomorphic test devices
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) represent a greater range of sizes of children including
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the need to require the use of an anthropomorphic test device
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that is representative of a ten-year-old child; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) are Hybrid III anthropomorphic test devices;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) whether to require improved protection from head injuries
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in side-impact and rear-impact crashes;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) how to provide consumer information on the physical
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  compatibility of child restraints and vehicle seats on a model-by-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  model basis;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) whether to prescribe clearer and simpler labels and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  instructions required to be placed on child restraints;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) whether to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  213 (49 CFR 571.213) to cover restraints for children weighing up
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to 80 pounds;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) whether to establish booster seat performance and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  structural integrity requirements to be dynamically tested in 3-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  point lap and shoulder belts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) whether to apply scaled injury criteria performance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  levels, including neck injury, developed for Federal Motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Vehicle Safety Standard No. 208 to child restraints and booster
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  seats covered by in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  213; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) whether to include child restraint in each vehicle crash
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  tested under the New Car Assessment Program.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Report to Congress. – If the Secretary does not incorporate
‚ ‚ ‚  any element described in subsection (b) in the final rule, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall explain, in a report to the Senate Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the House of
‚ ‚ ‚  Representatives Committee on Commerce [now Committee on Energy and
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce] submitted within 30 days after issuing the final rule,
‚ ‚ ‚  specifically why the Secretary did not incorporate any such element
‚ ‚ ‚  in the final rule.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Completion. – Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall complete the rulemaking required by subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act [Nov. 1, 2000].
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(e) Child Restraint Defined. – In this section, the term ‘child
‚ ‚ ‚  restraint’ has the meaning given the term ‘Child restraint system’
‚ ‚ ‚  in section 571.213 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (as in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000]).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(f) Funding. – For each fiscal year, of the funds made available
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Secretary for activities relating to safety, not less than
‚ ‚ ‚  $750,000 shall be made available to carry out crash testing of
‚ ‚ ‚  child restraints.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(g) Child Restraint Safety Ratings Program. – No later than 12
‚ ‚ ‚  months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000],
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation shall issue a notice of proposed
‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking to establish a child restraint safety rating consumer
‚ ‚ ‚  information program to provide practicable, readily understandable,
‚ ‚ ‚  and timely information to consumers for use in making informed
‚ ‚ ‚  decisions in the purchase of child restraints. No later than 24
‚ ‚ ‚  months after the date of the enactment of this Act the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall issue a final rule establishing a child restraint safety
‚ ‚ ‚  rating program and providing other consumer information which the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary determines would be useful [to] consumers who purchase
‚ ‚ ‚  child restraint systems.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(h) Booster Seat Study. – In addition to consideration of
‚ ‚ ‚  booster seat performance and structural integrity contained in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)(7), not later than 12 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall initiate and complete a study, taking into
‚ ‚ ‚  account the views of the public, on the use and effectiveness of
‚ ‚ ‚  automobile booster seats for children, compiling information on the
‚ ‚ ‚  advantages and disadvantages of using booster seats and determining
‚ ‚ ‚  the benefits, if any, to children from use of booster with lap and
‚ ‚ ‚  shoulder belts compared to children using lap and shoulder belts
‚ ‚ ‚  alone, and submit a report on the results of that study to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) Booster Seat Education Program. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation within 1 year after the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act [Nov. 1, 2000] shall develop [a] 5 year strategic plan to
‚ ‚ ‚  reduce deaths and injuries caused by failure to use the appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚  booster seat in the 4 to 8 year old age group by 25 percent.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVING AIR BAG SAFETY‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7103, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  465, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Rulemaking To Improve Air Bags. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Notice of proposed rulemaking. – Not later than September
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1, 1998, the Secretary of Transportation shall issue a notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking to improve occupant protection for occupants
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of different sizes, belted and unbelted, under Federal Motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Vehicle Safety Standard No. 208, while minimizing the risk to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  infants, children, and other occupants from injuries and deaths
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  caused by air bags, by means that include advanced air bags.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Final rule. – Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall complete the rulemaking required by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection by issuing, not later than September 1, 1999, a final
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rule with any provision the Secretary deems appropriate,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  consistent with paragraph (1) and the requirements of section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30111, title 49, United States Code. If the Secretary determines
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the final rule cannot be completed by that date to meet the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of paragraph (1), the Secretary may extend the date for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  issuing the final rule to not later than March 1, 2000.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Effective date. – The final rule issued under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection shall become effective in phases as rapidly as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  practicable, beginning not earlier than September 1, 2002, and no
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sooner than 30 months after the date of the issuance of the final
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rule, but not later than September 1, 2003. The final rule shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  become fully effective for all vehicles identified in section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30127(b), title 49, United States Code, that are manufactured on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and after September 1, 2005. Should the phase-in of the final
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rule required by this paragraph commence on September 1, 2003,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  then in that event, and only in that event, the Secretary is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  authorized to make the final rule fully effective on September 1,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2006, for all vehicles that are manufactured on and after that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Coordination of effective dates. – The requirements of S13
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Standard No. 208 shall remain in effect unless and until
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  changed by the rule required by this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) Credit for early compliance. – To encourage early
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  compliance, the Secretary is directed to include in the notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking required by paragraph (1) means by which
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers may earn credits for future compliance. Credits, on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a one-vehicle for one-vehicle basis, may be earned for vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certified as being in full compliance under section 30115 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title 49, United States Code, with the rule required by paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) which are either –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) so certified in advance of the phase-in period; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) in excess of the percentage requirements during the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phase-in period.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Advisory Committees. – Any government advisory committee,
‚ ‚ ‚  task force, or other entity involving air bags shall include
‚ ‚ ‚  representatives of consumer and safety organizations, insurers,
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers, and suppliers.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30128‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30128. Vehicle rollover prevention and crash mitigation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – The Secretary shall initiate rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  proceedings, for the purpose of establishing rules or standards
‚ ‚ ‚  that will reduce vehicle rollover crashes and mitigate deaths and
‚ ‚ ‚  injuries associated with such crashes for motor vehicles with a
‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Rollover Prevention. – One of the rulemaking proceedings
‚ ‚ ‚  initiated under subsection (a) shall be to establish performance
‚ ‚ ‚  criteria to reduce the occurrence of rollovers consistent with
‚ ‚ ‚  stability enhancing technologies. The Secretary shall issue a
‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rule in this proceeding by rule by October 1, 2006, and a
‚ ‚ ‚  final rule by April 1, 2009.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Occupant Ejection Prevention. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In general. – The Secretary shall also initiate a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking proceeding to establish performance standards to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reduce complete and partial ejections of vehicle occupants from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  outboard seating positions. In formulating the standards the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall consider various ejection mitigation systems. The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall issue a final rule under this paragraph no later
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than October 1, 2009.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Door locks and door retention. – The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  complete the rulemaking proceeding initiated to upgrade Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 206, relating to door locks and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  door retention, no later than 30 months after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this section.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Protection of Occupants. – One of the rulemaking proceedings
‚ ‚ ‚  initiated under subsection (a) shall be to establish performance
‚ ‚ ‚  criteria to upgrade Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 216
‚ ‚ ‚  relating to roof strength for driver and passenger sides. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may consider industry and independent dynamic tests that
‚ ‚ ‚  realistically duplicate the actual forces transmitted during a
‚ ‚ ‚  rollover crash. The Secretary shall issue a proposed rule by
‚ ‚ ‚  December 31, 2005, and a final rule by July 1, 2008.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Deadlines. – If the Secretary determines that the deadline
‚ ‚ ‚  for a final rule under this section cannot be met, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) notify the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Energy and Commerce and explain why that deadline cannot be met;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) establish a new deadline.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10301(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1939.)

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (c)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 109-59, which was
‚ ‚ ‚  approved Aug. 10, 2005.

-COD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CODIFICATION‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 10301(a) of Pub. L. 109-59, which directed that this
‚ ‚ ‚  section be added at the end of subchapter II of chapter 301,
‚ ‚ ‚  without specifying the title to be amended, was executed by adding
‚ ‚ ‚  this section at the end of subchapter II of this chapter, to
‚ ‚ ‚  reflect the probable intent of Congress.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EQUIPMENT

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30141‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30141. Importing motor vehicles capable of complying with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) on the initiative of the Secretary of Transportation or on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  petition of a manufacturer or importer registered under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary decides –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the vehicle is –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) substantially similar to a motor vehicle originally
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured for import into and sale in the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) certified under section 30115 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the same model year (as defined under regulations of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation) as the model of the motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle it is being compared to; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iv) capable of being readily altered to comply with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter; or

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if there is no substantially similar United States motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle, the safety features of the vehicle comply with or are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  capable of being altered to comply with those standards based
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on destructive test information or other evidence the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation decides is adequate;

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the vehicle is imported by a registered importer; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the registered importer pays the annual fee the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation establishes under subsection (e) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section to pay for the costs of carrying out the registration
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  program for importers under subsection (c) of this section and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  any other fees the Secretary of Transportation establishes to pay
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for the costs of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) processing bonds provided to the Secretary of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Treasury under subsection (d) of this section; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) making the decisions under this subchapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Procedures on Deciding on Motor Vehicle Capability. – (1) The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall establish by regulation
‚ ‚ ‚  procedures for making a decision under subsection (a)(1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section and the information a petitioner must provide to show
‚ ‚ ‚  clearly that the motor vehicle is capable of being brought into
‚ ‚ ‚  compliance with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter. In establishing the procedures, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall provide for a minimum period of public notice and
‚ ‚ ‚  written comment consistent with ensuring expeditious, but complete,
‚ ‚ ‚  consideration and avoiding delay by any person. In making a
‚ ‚ ‚  decision under those procedures, the Secretary shall consider test
‚ ‚ ‚  information and other information available to the Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚  including any information provided by the manufacturer. If the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary makes a negative decision, the Secretary may not make
‚ ‚ ‚  another decision for the same model until at least 3 calendar
‚ ‚ ‚  months have elapsed after the negative decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall publish each year in
‚ ‚ ‚  the Federal Register a list of all decisions made under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(1) of this section. Each published decision applies to the
‚ ‚ ‚  model of the motor vehicle for which the decision was made. A
‚ ‚ ‚  positive decision permits another importer registered under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c) of this section to import a vehicle of the same
‚ ‚ ‚  model under this section if the importer complies with all the
‚ ‚ ‚  terms of the decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Registration. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish procedures for registering a person who complies with
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements prescribed by the Secretary by regulation under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, including –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) recordkeeping requirements;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) inspection of records and facilities related to motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles the person has imported, altered, or both; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) requirements that ensure that the importer (or a successor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in interest) will be able technically and financially to carry
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  out responsibilities under sections 30117(b), 30118-30121, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30166(f) of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall deny registration to a
‚ ‚ ‚  person whose registration is revoked under paragraph (4) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) The Secretary of Transportation may deny registration to a
‚ ‚ ‚  person that is or was owned or controlled by, or under common
‚ ‚ ‚  ownership or control with, a person whose registration was revoked
‚ ‚ ‚  under paragraph (4) of this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) The Secretary of Transportation shall establish procedures
‚ ‚ ‚  for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) revoking or suspending a registration issued under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) of this subsection for not complying with a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirement of this subchapter or any of sections 30112, 30115,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30117-30122, 30125(c), 30127, or 30166 of this title or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations prescribed under this subchapter or any of those
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sections;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) automatically suspending a registration for not paying a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  fee under subsection (a)(3) of this section in a timely manner or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for knowingly filing a false or misleading certification under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30146 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) reinstating suspended registrations.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Bonds. – (1) A person importing a motor vehicle under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section shall provide a bond to the Secretary of the Treasury
‚ ‚ ‚  (acting for the Secretary of Transportation) and comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  terms the Secretary of Transportation decides are appropriate to
‚ ‚ ‚  ensure that the vehicle –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) will comply with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter within a reasonable time (specified
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by the Secretary of Transportation) after the vehicle is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  imported; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) will be exported (at no cost to the United States
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government) by the Secretary of the Treasury or abandoned to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The amount of the bond provided under this subsection shall
‚ ‚ ‚  be at least equal to the dutiable value of the motor vehicle (as
‚ ‚ ‚  determined by the Secretary of the Treasury) but not more than 150
‚ ‚ ‚  percent of that value.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Fee Review, Adjustment, and Use. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall review and make appropriate adjustments at
‚ ‚ ‚  least every 2 years in the amounts of the fees required to be paid
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a)(3) of this section. The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall establish the fees for each fiscal year before
‚ ‚ ‚  the beginning of that year. All fees collected remain available
‚ ‚ ‚  until expended without fiscal year limit to the extent provided in
‚ ‚ ‚  advance by appropriation laws. The amounts are only for use by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) in carrying out this section and sections 30146(a)-(c)(1),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d), and (e) and 30147(b) of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) in advancing to the Secretary of the Treasury amounts for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  costs incurred under this section and section 30146 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to reimburse the Secretary of the Treasury for those costs.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 960; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-429, Sec. 6(23), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(A),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C)(i).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(c)(2), (3)(A)-(D); added
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(b), 102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2818.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(C)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii)-(iv).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(D).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(A)(iv), the words “prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter” are substituted for “Federal” for consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(3), before clause (A), the words “any other
‚ ‚ ‚  fees” are substituted for “such other annual fee or fees” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (B), the words “this
‚ ‚ ‚  subchapter” are substituted for “this section” for clarity. See H.
‚ ‚ ‚  Rept. No. 100-431, 100th Cong., 1st Sess., p. 19 (1987).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “procedures for making a decision
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a)(1) of this section” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “procedures for considering such petitions” and “procedures for
‚ ‚ ‚  determinations made on the Secretary’s initiative” because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “(whether or not confidential)” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as unnecessary because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the word “permits” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “shall be sufficient authority” for clarity. The word “conditions”
‚ ‚ ‚  is omitted as being included in “terms”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), before clause (A), the words “under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection” are added for clarity. The word “including” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “include, as a minimum” to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. In clause (B), the words “(relating to discovery,
‚ ‚ ‚  notification, and remedy of defects)” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(3), the words “directly or indirectly” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as unnecessary because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(1), before clause (A), the word “conditions” is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as being included in “terms”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30141(c)(4)(A) and 30165(a) to correct erroneous
‚ ‚ ‚  cross-references.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “any of
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30112” for “section 30112” and inserted “any of” before
‚ ‚ ‚  “those sections”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30142‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30142. Importing motor vehicles for personal use

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to
‚ ‚ ‚  an imported motor vehicle if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the vehicle is imported for personal use, and not for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale, by an individual (except an individual described in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30143 and 30144 of this title);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the vehicle is imported after January 31, 1990; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the individual takes the actions required under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) of this section to receive an exemption.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Exemptions. – (1) To receive an exemption under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) of this section, an individual must –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) provide the Secretary of the Treasury (acting for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation) with –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) an appropriate bond in an amount determined under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30141(d) of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) a copy of an agreement with an importer registered under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30141(c) of this title for bringing the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  into compliance with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) a certification that the vehicle meets the requirement
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of section 30141(a)(1)(A) or (B) of this title; and

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) comply with appropriate terms the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation imposes to ensure that the vehicle –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) will be brought into compliance with those standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  within a reasonable time (specified by the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation) after the vehicle is imported; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) will be exported (at no cost to the United States
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government) by the Secretary of the Treasury or abandoned to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Government.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) For good cause shown, the Secretary of Transportation may
‚ ‚ ‚  allow an individual additional time, but not more than 30 days
‚ ‚ ‚  after the day on which the motor vehicle is offered for import, to
‚ ‚ ‚  comply with paragraph (1)(A)(ii) of this subsection.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 962.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30142(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(f)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(f); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2822.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30142(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(f)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “after January 31, 1990” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “after the effective date of the regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  initially issued to implement the amendments made to this section
‚ ‚ ‚  by the Imported Vehicle Safety Compliance Act of 1988” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚  See 49 C.F.R. part 591.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(3), the words “the individual takes the actions
‚ ‚ ‚  required under subsection (b) of this section” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “if that individual takes the actions required by paragraph (2)”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “compliance” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “conformity” for consistency in this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(B), before subclause (i), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “conditions” is omitted as being included in “terms”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30143‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30143. Motor vehicles imported by individuals employed outside
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “assigned place of employment”
‚ ‚ ‚  means –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the principal location at which an individual is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  permanently or indefinitely assigned to work; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) for a member of the uniformed services, the individual’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  permanent duty station.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle imported for personal use, and not for resale, by an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) whose assigned place of employment was outside the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States as of October 31, 1988, and who has not had an assigned
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  place of employment in the United States from that date through
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date the vehicle is imported into the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) who previously had not imported a motor vehicle into the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States under this section or section 108(g) of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 or, before
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  October 31, 1988, under section 108(b)(3) of that Act;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) who acquired, or made a binding contract to acquire, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle before October 31, 1988;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) who imported the vehicle into the United States not later
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than October 31, 1992; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) who satisfies section 108(b)(3) of that Act as in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  October 30, 1988.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Certification. – Subsection (b) of this section is carried
‚ ‚ ‚  out by certification in the form the Secretary of Transportation or
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 963.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30143(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(g) (3d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(g); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2823.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30143(b),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(g) (1st, 2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words “(including a
‚ ‚ ‚  member of the uniformed services)” are omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. In clause (1), the words “from that
‚ ‚ ‚  date through the date the vehicle is imported into the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States” are substituted for “that date and the date of entry of
‚ ‚ ‚  such motor vehicle” for clarity and consistency in this chapter. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (2), the words “under this section or section 108(g) of the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “this subsection” to preserve the exemption for
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles imported under the source provisions between October
‚ ‚ ‚  30, 1988, and the effective date of this restatement. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (4), the word “imports” is substituted for “enters” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in this chapter. In clause (5) the word “satisfies” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “meets the terms, conditions, and other
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements . . . under” to eliminate unnecessary words.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsections (b)(3) and (g) of section 108 of the National Traffic
‚ ‚ ‚  and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(2), (5), are subsecs. (b)(3) and (g) of section 108 of Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, which were classified to subsecs. (b)(3) and (g),
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively, of section 1397 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, were
‚ ‚ ‚  repealed and reenacted in sections 30112(b)(1)-(3) and 30143,
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively, of this title by Pub. L. 103-272, Secs. 1(e), 7(b),
‚ ‚ ‚  July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 945, 963, 1379.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30144‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30144. Importing motor vehicles on a temporary basis

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle imported on a temporary basis for personal use by an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual who is a member of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)(A) the personnel of the government of a foreign country on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  assignment in the United States or a member of the Secretariat of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a public international organization designated under the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288 et
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  seq.); and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the class of individuals for whom the Secretary of State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  has authorized free importation of motor vehicles; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the armed forces of a foreign country on assignment in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Verification. – The Secretary of Transportation or the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of the Treasury may require verification, that the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation considers appropriate, that an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual is a member described under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section. The Secretary of Transportation shall ensure that a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle imported under this section will be exported (at no cost to
‚ ‚ ‚  the United States Government) or abandoned to the Government when
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual no longer –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) resides in the United States; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) is a member described under subsection (a) of this section.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Sale in the United States. – A motor vehicle imported under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section may not be sold when in the United States.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 964; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-287, Sec. 5(57), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3394.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30144(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(h) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(h); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2823.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30144(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(h) (2d, 3d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30144(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(h) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(B), the word “importation” is substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “entry” for clarity and consistency in this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words “that an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual is a member described under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section” are substituted for “such status” for clarity. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “imported” is substituted for “entered” for clarity and consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  in this chapter. In clause (2), the words “a member described under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section” are substituted for “hold such
‚ ‚ ‚  status” for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 104-287‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30144(a)(1)(A) to correct an erroneous cross-
‚ ‚ ‚  reference.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The International Organizations Immunities Act, referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsec. (a)(1)(A), is title I of act Dec. 29, 1945, ch. 652, 59
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 669, as amended, which is classified principally to
‚ ‚ ‚  subchapter XVIII (Sec. 288 et seq.) of chapter 7 of Title 22,
‚ ‚ ‚  Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
‚ ‚ ‚  288 of Title 22 and Tables.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104-287 substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “International Organizations” for “International Organization”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30145‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30145. Importing motor vehicles or equipment requiring further
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturing

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or motor vehicle equipment if the vehicle or equipment –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) requires further manufacturing to perform its intended
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  function as decided under regulations prescribed by the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) is accompanied at the time of importation by a written
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  statement issued by the manufacturer indicating the applicable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which it does not comply.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 964.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30145‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(e); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2822.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (2), the word “importation” is substituted for “entry”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and consistency in this chapter. The words “of the
‚ ‚ ‚  incomplete motor vehicle or item of equipment” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary because of the restatement. The words “prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are substituted for “Federal” for consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30146‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30146. Release of motor vehicles and bonds

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Compliance Certification and Bond. – (1) Except as provided
‚ ‚ ‚  in subsections (c) and (d) of this section, an importer registered
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30141(c) of this title may license or register an
‚ ‚ ‚  imported motor vehicle for use on public streets, roads, or
‚ ‚ ‚  highways, or release custody of a motor vehicle imported by the
‚ ‚ ‚  registered importer or imported by an individual under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30142 of this title and altered by the registered importer to meet
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter to a person for license or registration for use on public
‚ ‚ ‚  streets, roads, or highways, only after 30 days after the
‚ ‚ ‚  registered importer certifies to the Secretary of Transportation,
‚ ‚ ‚  in the way the Secretary prescribes, that the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  complies with each standard prescribed in the year the vehicle was
‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured and that applies in that year to that vehicle. A
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle may not be released if the Secretary gives written notice
‚ ‚ ‚  before the end of the 30-day period that the Secretary will inspect
‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle under subsection (c) of this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretaries of Transportation and the Treasury shall
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe regulations –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) ensuring the release of a motor vehicle and bond required
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30141(d) of this title at the end of the 30-day
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  period, unless the Secretary of Transportation issues a notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an inspection under subsection (c) of this section; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) providing that the Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  release the vehicle and bond promptly after an inspection under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c) of this section showing compliance with the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards applicable to the vehicle.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Each registered importer shall include on each motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  released under this subsection a label prescribed by the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation identifying the importer and stating that the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle has been altered by the importer to comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  standards applicable to the vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Reliance on Manufacturer’s Certification. – In making a
‚ ‚ ‚  certification under subsection (a)(1) of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  registered importer may rely on the manufacturer’s certification
‚ ‚ ‚  for the model to which the motor vehicle involved is substantially
‚ ‚ ‚  similar if the importer certifies that any alteration made by the
‚ ‚ ‚  importer did not affect the compliance of the safety features of
‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle and the importer keeps records verifying the
‚ ‚ ‚  certification for the period the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Evidence of Compliance. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may require that the certification under subsection (a)(1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section be accompanied by evidence of compliance the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  considers appropriate or may inspect the certified motor vehicle,
‚ ‚ ‚  or both. If the Secretary gives notice of an inspection, an
‚ ‚ ‚  importer may release the vehicle only after –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) an inspection showing the motor vehicle complies with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter for which the inspection was made; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) release of the vehicle by the Secretary.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall inspect periodically a
‚ ‚ ‚  representative number of motor vehicles for which certifications
‚ ‚ ‚  have been filed under subsection (a)(1) of this section. In
‚ ‚ ‚  carrying out a motor vehicle testing program under this chapter,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall include a representative number of motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles for which certifications have been filed under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(1).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Challenging the Certification. – A motor vehicle or bond may
‚ ‚ ‚  not be released under subsection (a) of this section if the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation, not later than 30 days after receiving
‚ ‚ ‚  a certification under subsection (a)(1) of this section, gives
‚ ‚ ‚  written notice that the Secretary believes or has reason to believe
‚ ‚ ‚  that the certification is false or contains a mispresentation.(!1)
‚ ‚ ‚  The vehicle and bond may be released only after the Secretary is
‚ ‚ ‚  satisfied with the certification and any modification of the
‚ ‚ ‚  certification.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Bond Release. – A release of a bond required under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(d) of this title is deemed an acceptance of a certification
‚ ‚ ‚  or completion of an inspection under this section but is not a
‚ ‚ ‚  decision by the Secretary of Transportation under section 30118(a)
‚ ‚ ‚  or (b) of this title of compliance with applicable motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards prescribed under this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 964.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st, 3d, last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences), (vii).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(c)(3)(E); added Oct. 31,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1988, Pub. L. 100-562, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2(b), 102 Stat. 2820.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  ii).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d sentence),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii), (iv).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vi).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(v).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “Except as provided in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (c) and (d) of this section” are added because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2)(B), the words “showing compliance with the
‚ ‚ ‚  standards” are substituted for “showing no such failure to comply”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) So in original. Probably should be “misrepresentation.”
-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30147‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30147. Responsibility for defects and noncompliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Deeming Defect or Noncompliance to Certain Vehicles and
‚ ‚ ‚  Importer as Manufacturer. – (1) In carrying out sections 30117(b),
‚ ‚ ‚  30118-30121, and 30166(f) of this title –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) for a defect or noncompliance with an applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter for a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle originally manufactured for import into the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States, an imported motor vehicle having a valid certification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30146(a)(1) of this title and decided to be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substantially similar to that motor vehicle shall be deemed as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  having the same defect or as not complying with the same standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unless the manufacturer or importer registered under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30141(c) of this title demonstrates otherwise to the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the registered importer shall be deemed to be the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of any motor vehicle that the importer imports or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  brings into compliance with the standards for an individual under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30142 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register notice of
‚ ‚ ‚  any defect or noncompliance under paragraph (1)(A) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Financial Responsibility Requirement. – The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  require by regulation each registered importer (including any
‚ ‚ ‚  successor in interest) to provide and maintain evidence,
‚ ‚ ‚  satisfactory to the Secretary, of sufficient financial
‚ ‚ ‚  responsibility to meet its obligations under sections 30117(b),
‚ ‚ ‚  30118-30121, and 30166(f) of this title.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 966.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30147(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(d)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(d); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2821.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30147(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(d)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the words “(relating to discovery, notification,
‚ ‚ ‚  and remedy of motor vehicle defects)” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(A), the words “for a motor vehicle” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “in, or regarding, any motor vehicle” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(B), the word “compliance” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “conformity” for consistency in this chapter.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30161‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30161. Judicial review of standards

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Filing and Venue. – A person adversely affected by an order
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribing a motor vehicle safety standard under this chapter may
‚ ‚ ‚  apply for review of the order by filing a petition for review in
‚ ‚ ‚  the court of appeals of the United States for the circuit in which
‚ ‚ ‚  the person resides or has its principal place of business. The
‚ ‚ ‚  petition must be filed not later than 59 days after the order is
‚ ‚ ‚  issued.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Notifying Secretary. – The clerk of the court shall send
‚ ‚ ‚  immediately a copy of the petition to the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation. The Secretary shall file with the court a record of
‚ ‚ ‚  the proceeding in which the order was prescribed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Additional Proceedings. – (1) On request of the petitioner,
‚ ‚ ‚  the court may order the Secretary to receive additional evidence
‚ ‚ ‚  and evidence in rebuttal if the court is satisfied that the
‚ ‚ ‚  additional evidence is material and there were reasonable grounds
‚ ‚ ‚  for not presenting the evidence in the proceeding before the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may modify findings of fact or make new
‚ ‚ ‚  findings because of the additional evidence presented. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall file a modified or new finding, a recommendation to
‚ ‚ ‚  modify or set aside the order, and the additional evidence with the
‚ ‚ ‚  court.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Certified Copies of Records of Proceedings. – The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall give any interested person a certified copy of the transcript
‚ ‚ ‚  of the record in a proceeding under this section on request and
‚ ‚ ‚  payment of costs. A certified copy of the record of the proceeding
‚ ‚ ‚  is admissible in a proceeding arising out of a matter under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter, regardless of whether the proceeding under this section
‚ ‚ ‚  has begun or becomes final.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Finality of Judgment and Supreme Court Review. – A judgment
‚ ‚ ‚  of a court under this section is final and may be reviewed only by
‚ ‚ ‚  the Supreme Court under section 1254 of title 28.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 966.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 105(a)(1)-(5),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b), 80 Stat. 720, 721.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(1) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(4), (5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “In a case of actual controversy as
‚ ‚ ‚  to the validity of” and “who will be . . . when it is effective”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus. The words “an order prescribing a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard under this chapter” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “any order under section 1392 of this title” for consistency. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “apply for review” are added for clarity. The words “The
‚ ‚ ‚  petition must be filed” are substituted for “at any time” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The text of 15:1394(a)(3) is omitted as surplus because
‚ ‚ ‚  5:ch. 7 applies unless otherwise stated.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “or other officer designated by him
‚ ‚ ‚  for that purpose” are omitted as surplus because of 49:322(b). The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “in which the order was prescribed” are substituted for “on
‚ ‚ ‚  which the Secretary based his order” for consistency. The words “as
‚ ‚ ‚  provided in section 2112 of title 28” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “in such manner and upon such
‚ ‚ ‚  terms and conditions as to the court may seem proper” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The words “is satisfied” are substituted for “shows to
‚ ‚ ‚  the satisfaction of” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “and
‚ ‚ ‚  to be adduced upon the hearing” are omitted as unnecessary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2), the words “with the court” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “the return of” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “thereof” and “criminal, exclusion
‚ ‚ ‚  of imports, or other” are omitted as surplus. The words “under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section” are substituted for “with respect to the order” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The word “previously” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “under this section is final and may
‚ ‚ ‚  be reviewed only” are substituted for “affirming or setting aside,
‚ ‚ ‚  in whole or in part, any such order of the Secretary shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  final, subject to review” to eliminate unnecessary words. The text
‚ ‚ ‚  of 15:1394(a)(5) is omitted because of rule 43 of the Federal Rules
‚ ‚ ‚  of Appellate Procedure (28 App. U.S.C.).

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30162‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30162. Petitions by interested persons for standards and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enforcement

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Filing. – Any interested person may file a petition with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation requesting the Secretary to begin a
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to prescribe a motor vehicle safety standard under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to decide whether to issue an order under section 30118(b)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Statement of Facts. – The petition must state facts that the
‚ ‚ ‚  person claims establish that a motor vehicle safety standard or
‚ ‚ ‚  order referred to in subsection (a) of this section is necessary
‚ ‚ ‚  and briefly describe the order the Secretary should issue.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Proceedings. – The Secretary may hold a public hearing or
‚ ‚ ‚  conduct an investigation or proceeding to decide whether to grant
‚ ‚ ‚  the petition.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Actions of Secretary. – The Secretary shall grant or deny a
‚ ‚ ‚  petition not later than 120 days after the petition is filed. If a
‚ ‚ ‚  petition is granted, the Secretary shall begin the proceeding
‚ ‚ ‚  promptly. If a petition is denied, the Secretary shall publish the
‚ ‚ ‚  reasons for the denial in the Federal Register.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 967.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  124(a)-(d); added Oct. 27,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  106, 88 Stat. 1481.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (a)(1) is substituted for “the issuance of an order
‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to section 1392 of this title” for clarity and because of
‚ ‚ ‚  the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “a motor vehicle safety standard”
‚ ‚ ‚  are added because of the restatement. The words “referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section” are added for clarity. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “of the substance” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “as he deems appropriate in order”
‚ ‚ ‚  and “or not” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “described in subsection (b) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section”, “either”, and “requested in the petition” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30163‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30163. Actions by the Attorney General

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Civil Actions To Enforce. – The Attorney General may bring a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil action in a United States district court to enjoin –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  order issued under this chapter; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the sale, offer for sale, or introduction or delivery for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  introduction, in interstate commerce, or the importation into the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States, of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which it is decided, before the first purchase in good faith
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  other than for resale, that the vehicle or equipment –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) contains a defect related to motor vehicle safety about
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which notice was given under section 30118(c) of this title or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an order was issued under section 30118(b) of this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) does not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Prior Notice. – When practicable, the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall notify a person against whom a civil action
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section is planned, give the person an
‚ ‚ ‚  opportunity to present that person’s views, and, except for a
‚ ‚ ‚  knowing and willful violation of this chapter, give the person a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable opportunity to remedy the defect or comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. Failure to give notice and an opportunity to remedy the
‚ ‚ ‚  defect or comply with the applicable motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter does not prevent a court from
‚ ‚ ‚  granting appropriate relief.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Venue. – Except as provided in section 30121(d) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title, a civil action under this section or section 30165(a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title may be brought in the judicial district in which the
‚ ‚ ‚  violation occurred or the defendant is found, resides, or does
‚ ‚ ‚  business. Process in the action may be served in any other judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district in which the defendant resides or is found.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Jury Trial Demand. – In a trial for criminal contempt for
‚ ‚ ‚  violating an injunction or restraining order issued under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section, the violation of which is also a
‚ ‚ ‚  violation of this chapter, the defendant may demand a jury trial.
‚ ‚ ‚  The defendant shall be tried as provided in rule 42(b) of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure (18 App. U.S.C.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Subpenas for Witnesses. – In a civil action brought under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a subpena for a witness may be served in any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 967.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(a) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 110(a), (c), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723, 724; Oct. 27,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(b)(2), 103(c), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(b) (related ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to injunctions).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 204(b) (related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to injunctions), 80 Stat.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(a) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 110(b), (d)‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 110), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723, 724.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(d) (related ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to 15:1399).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the text of 15:1424(b)
‚ ‚ ‚  (related to injunctions) is omitted because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “The Attorney General may bring a civil action” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “upon petition by . . . the Attorney General” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. The words “the appropriate United States attorney or .
‚ ‚ ‚  . . on behalf of the United States” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “for cause shown and subject to the provisions of rule 65(a)
‚ ‚ ‚  and (b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (1), the words “a regulation prescribed or order
‚ ‚ ‚  issued under this chapter” are substituted for “(or rules,
‚ ‚ ‚  regulations or orders thereunder)” for clarity and consistency and
‚ ‚ ‚  because “rule” and “regulation” are synonymous. In clause (2),
‚ ‚ ‚  before subclause (A), the words “that the vehicle or equipment” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added for clarity. The words “of such vehicle” and “purposes” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In subclause (B), the words “does not comply
‚ ‚ ‚  with” are substituted for “is determined . . . not to conform to”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (b), (c), and (e), the word “civil” is added
‚ ‚ ‚  because of rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (28 App.
‚ ‚ ‚  U.S.C.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “comply with the applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “achieve compliance”, and the words “a court” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added, for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “any act or transaction constituting
‚ ‚ ‚  the” are omitted as surplus. The word “resides” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “is an inhabitant” for consistency in the revised title. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “the action” are substituted for “such cases” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “the defendant may demand a jury
‚ ‚ ‚  trial” are substituted for “trial shall be by the court, or, upon
‚ ‚ ‚  demand of the accused, by a jury” to eliminate unnecessary words
‚ ‚ ‚  and for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “who are required to attend a United
‚ ‚ ‚  States district court” are omitted as surplus. The words “be served
‚ ‚ ‚  in” are substituted for “run into” for clarity.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30164‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30164. Service of process

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Designating Agents. – A manufacturer offering a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or motor vehicle equipment for import shall designate an agent on
‚ ‚ ‚  whom service of notices and process in administrative and judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  proceedings may be made. The designation shall be in writing and
‚ ‚ ‚  filed with the Secretary of Transportation. The designation may be
‚ ‚ ‚  changed in the same way as originally made.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Service. – An agent may be served at the agent’s office or
‚ ‚ ‚  usual place of residence. Service on the agent is deemed to be
‚ ‚ ‚  service on the manufacturer. If a manufacturer does not designate
‚ ‚ ‚  an agent, service may be made by posting the notice or process in
‚ ‚ ‚  the office of the Secretary.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 968.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30164(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 110(e), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 724.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30164(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(e) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “A manufacturer offering . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  shall” are substituted for “It shall be the duty of every
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer offering . . . to” to eliminate unnecessary words. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “into the United States”, “all . . . orders, decisions and
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements”, and “for and on behalf of said manufacturer” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “The designation may be changed in
‚ ‚ ‚  the same way as originally made” are substituted for “which
‚ ‚ ‚  designation may from time to time be changed by like writing,
‚ ‚ ‚  similarly filed” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “An agent may be served” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Service of all administrative and judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  processes, notices, orders, decisions and requirements may be made
‚ ‚ ‚  upon said manufacturer by service upon such designated agent” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “Service on the agent is
‚ ‚ ‚  deemed to be service on the manufacturer” are substituted for “with
‚ ‚ ‚  like effects as if made personally upon said manufacturer”, and the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “If a manufacturer does not designate an agent” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “and in default of such designation of such agent”,
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity. The words “of process, notice, order, requirement or
‚ ‚ ‚  decision in any proceeding before the Secretary or in any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding for enforcement of this subchapter or any standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed pursuant to this subchapter” and “order, requirement or
‚ ‚ ‚  decision” are omitted as surplus.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30165‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30165. Civil penalty

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Civil Penalties. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In general. – A person that violates any of section 30112,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30115, 30117 through 30122, 30123(d),(!1) 30125(c), 30127, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30141 through 30147, or a regulation prescribed thereunder, is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  more than $5,000 for each violation. A separate violation occurs
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for each motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment and for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  each failure or refusal to allow or perform an act required by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  any of those sections. The maximum penalty under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for a related series of violations is $15,000,000.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) School buses. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) In general. – Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the maximum
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  amount of a civil penalty under this paragraph shall be $10,000
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the case of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the manufacture, sale, offer for sale, introduction or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  delivery for introduction into interstate commerce, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  importation of a school bus or school bus equipment (as those
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  terms are defined in section 30125(a) of this title) in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  violation of section 30112(a)(1) of this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) a violation of section 30112(a)(2) of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Related series of violations. – A separate violation
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  occurs for each motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment and for each failure or refusal to allow or perform
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an act required by that section. The maximum penalty under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph for a related series of violations is $15,000,000.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Section 30166. – A person who violates section 30166 or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation prescribed under that section is liable to the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States Government for a civil penalty for failing or refusing to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  allow or perform an act required under that section or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation. The maximum penalty under this paragraph is $5,000
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  per violation per day. The maximum penalty under this paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for a related series of daily violations is $15,000,000.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Compromise and Setoff. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may compromise the amount of a civil penalty imposed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Government may deduct the amount of a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  imposed or compromised under this section from amounts it owes the
‚ ‚ ‚  person liable for the penalty.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Considerations. – In determining the amount of a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty or compromise, the appropriateness of the penalty or
‚ ‚ ‚  compromise to the size of the business of the person charged and
‚ ‚ ‚  the gravity of the violation shall be considered.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Subpenas for Witnesses. – In a civil action brought under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a subpena for a witness may be served in any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 968; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-429, Sec. 6(23), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380; Pub. L. 106-
‚ ‚ ‚  414, Sec. 5(a), Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1803; Pub. L. 109-59,
‚ ‚ ‚  title X, Sec. 10309(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1942.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1398(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 109(a), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723; Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 103(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(b) (related ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to civil penalty).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 109(b), 110(d)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 109),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  204(b) (related to civil‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  penalty), 80 Stat. 723, 724,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1398(b) (1st,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1398(b) (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(d) (related ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to 15:1398).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the text of 15:1424(b) (related to civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty) is omitted because of the restatement. The words “is
‚ ‚ ‚  liable to the United States Government for” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “shall be subject to” for consistency. The words “A separate
‚ ‚ ‚  violation occurs for” are substituted for “Such violation of a
‚ ‚ ‚  provision of section 1397 of this title, or regulations issued
‚ ‚ ‚  thereunder, shall constitute a separate violation with respect to”
‚ ‚ ‚  to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “amount of a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  imposed or compromised” are substituted for “amount of such
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty, when finally determined, or the amount agreed upon in
‚ ‚ ‚  compromise” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “who are required to attend a United
‚ ‚ ‚  States district court” are omitted as surplus. The words “be served
‚ ‚ ‚  in” are substituted for “run into” for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30141(c)(4)(A) and 30165(a) to correct erroneous
‚ ‚ ‚  cross-references.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 30123(d) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(1),
‚ ‚ ‚  was redesignated section 30123(a) of this title by Pub. L. 105-178,
‚ ‚ ‚  title VII, Sec. 7106(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2005 – Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 109-59, which directed
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment of section 30165(a), without specifying the title to be
‚ ‚ ‚  amended, by adding par. (2) and redesignating former par. (2) as
‚ ‚ ‚  (3), was executed to this section, to reflect the probable intent
‚ ‚ ‚  of Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106-414 amended heading and text
‚ ‚ ‚  generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A person that
‚ ‚ ‚  violates any of sections 30112, 30115, 30117-30122, 30123(d),
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(c), 30127, 30141-30147, or 30166 of this title or a
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation prescribed under any of those sections is liable to the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than
‚ ‚ ‚  $1,000 for each violation. A separate violation occurs for each
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment and for each
‚ ‚ ‚  failure or refusal to allow or perform an act required by any of
‚ ‚ ‚  those sections. The maximum penalty under this subsection for a
‚ ‚ ‚  related series of violations is $800,000.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “any of sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30112” for “section 30112” and inserted “any of” before “those
‚ ‚ ‚  sections” in two places.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) See References in Text note below.
-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30166‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30166. Inspections, investigations, and records

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “motor vehicle accident” means
‚ ‚ ‚  an occurrence associated with the maintenance or operation of a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment resulting in personal
‚ ‚ ‚  injury, death, or property damage.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Authority To Inspect and Investigate. – (1) The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may conduct an inspection or investigation –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) that may be necessary to enforce this chapter or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation prescribed or order issued under this chapter; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) related to a motor vehicle accident and designed to carry
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  out this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall cooperate with State
‚ ‚ ‚  and local officials to the greatest extent possible in an
‚ ‚ ‚  inspection or investigation under paragraph (1)(B) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Matters That Can Be Inspected and Impoundment. – In carrying
‚ ‚ ‚  out this chapter, an officer or employee designated by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) at reasonable times, may inspect and copy any record
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related to this chapter;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) on request, may inspect records of a manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor, or dealer to decide whether the manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor, or dealer has complied or is complying with this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter or a regulation prescribed or order issued under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) at reasonable times, in a reasonable way, and on display of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proper credentials and written notice to an owner, operator, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  agent in charge, may –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) enter and inspect with reasonable promptness premises in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured, held for introduction in interstate commerce, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  held for sale after introduction in interstate commerce;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) enter and inspect with reasonable promptness premises at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which a vehicle or equipment involved in a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  accident is located;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) inspect with reasonable promptness that vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) impound for not more than 72 hours a vehicle or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in a motor vehicle accident.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Reasonable Compensation. – When a motor vehicle (except a
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle subject to subchapter I of chapter 135 of this title) or
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment is inspected or temporarily impounded under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c)(3) of this section, the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall pay reasonable compensation to the owner of the vehicle if
‚ ‚ ‚  the inspection or impoundment results in denial of use, or
‚ ‚ ‚  reduction in value, of the vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Records and Making Reports. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably may require a manufacturer of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment to keep records, and a manufacturer, distributor,
‚ ‚ ‚  or dealer to make reports, to enable the Secretary to decide
‚ ‚ ‚  whether the manufacturer, distributor, or dealer has complied or is
‚ ‚ ‚  complying with this chapter or a regulation prescribed or order
‚ ‚ ‚  issued under this chapter. This subsection does not impose a
‚ ‚ ‚  recordkeeping requirement on a distributor or dealer in addition to
‚ ‚ ‚  those imposed under subsection (f) of this section and section
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(b) of this title or a regulation prescribed or order issued
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (f) or section 30117(b).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Providing Copies of Communications About Defects and
‚ ‚ ‚  Noncompliance. – A manufacturer shall give the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation a true or representative copy of each communication
‚ ‚ ‚  to the manufacturer’s dealers or to owners or purchasers of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or replacement equipment produced by the manufacturer about
‚ ‚ ‚  a defect or noncompliance with a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter in a vehicle or equipment that is
‚ ‚ ‚  sold or serviced.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Administrative Authority on Reports, Answers, and Hearings. –
‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In carrying out this chapter, the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) require, by general or special order, any person to file
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reports or answers to specific questions, including reports or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  answers under oath; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) conduct hearings, administer oaths, take testimony, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  require (by subpena or otherwise) the appearance and testimony of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  witnesses and the production of records the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  advisable.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A witness summoned under this subsection is entitled to the
‚ ‚ ‚  same fee and mileage the witness would have been paid in a court of
‚ ‚ ‚  the United States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Civil Actions To Enforce and Venue. – A civil action to
‚ ‚ ‚  enforce a subpena or order under subsection (g) of this section may
‚ ‚ ‚  be brought in the United States district court for any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district in which the proceeding is conducted. The court may punish
‚ ‚ ‚  a failure to obey an order of the court to comply with a subpena or
‚ ‚ ‚  order as a contempt of court.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) Governmental Cooperation. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may request a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Government to provide records the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to carry out this chapter. The head of the department,
‚ ‚ ‚  agency, or instrumentality shall provide the record on request, may
‚ ‚ ‚  detail personnel on a reimbursable basis, and otherwise shall
‚ ‚ ‚  cooperate with the Secretary. This subsection does not affect a law
‚ ‚ ‚  limiting the authority of a department, agency, or instrumentality
‚ ‚ ‚  to provide information to another department, agency, or
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentality.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (j) Cooperation of Secretary. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may advise, assist, and cooperate with departments, agencies, and
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentalities of the Government, States, and other public and
‚ ‚ ‚  private agencies in developing a method for inspecting and testing
‚ ‚ ‚  to determine compliance with a motor vehicle safety standard.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (k) Providing Information. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall provide the Attorney General and, when appropriate, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of the Treasury, information obtained that indicates a
‚ ‚ ‚  violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed or order
‚ ‚ ‚  issued under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (l) Reporting of Defects in Motor Vehicles and Products in
‚ ‚ ‚  Foreign Countries. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Reporting of defects, manufacturer determination. – Not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  later than 5 working days after determining to conduct a safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  recall or other safety campaign in a foreign country on a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment that is identical or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substantially similar to a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment offered for sale in the United States, the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall report the determination to the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Reporting of defects, foreign government determination. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Not later than 5 working days after receiving notification that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the government of a foreign country has determined that a safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  recall or other safety campaign must be conducted in the foreign
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  country on a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment that is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identical or substantially similar to a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment offered for sale in the United States, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of the motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall report the determination to the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Reporting requirements. – The Secretary shall prescribe the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  contents of the notification required by this subsection.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (m) Early Warning Reporting Requirements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Rulemaking required. – Not later than 120 days after the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date of the enactment of the Transportation Recall Enhancement,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall initiate a rulemaking proceeding to establish early warning
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reporting requirements for manufacturers of motor vehicles and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment to enhance the Secretary’s ability to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  carry out the provisions of this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Deadline. – The Secretary shall issue a final rule under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) not later than June 30, 2002.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Reporting elements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) Warranty and claims data. – As part of the final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  promulgated under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall require
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  report, periodically or upon request by the Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information which is received by the manufacturer derived from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  foreign and domestic sources to the extent that such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information may assist in the identification of defects related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to motor vehicle safety in motor vehicles and motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in the United States and which concerns –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) data on claims submitted to the manufacturer for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  serious injuries (including death) and aggregate statistical
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  data on property damage from alleged defects in a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or in motor vehicle equipment; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) customer satisfaction campaigns, consumer advisories,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  recalls, or other activity involving the repair or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  replacement of motor vehicles or items of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Other data. – As part of the final rule promulgated under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1), the Secretary may, to the extent that such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information may assist in the identification of defects related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to motor vehicle safety in motor vehicles and motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in the United States, require manufacturers of motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles or motor vehicle equipment to report, periodically or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  upon request of the Secretary, such information as the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) Reporting of possible defects. – The manufacturer of a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment shall report to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary, in such manner as the Secretary establishes by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation, all incidents of which the manufacturer receives
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  actual notice which involve fatalities or serious injuries
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which are alleged or proven to have been caused by a possible
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defect in such manufacturer’s motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in the United States, or in a foreign country when
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the possible defect is in a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment that is identical or substantially similar to a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment offered for sale in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) Handling and utilization of reporting elements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) Secretary’s specifications. – In requiring the reporting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of any information requested by the Secretary under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, the Secretary shall specify in the final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  promulgated under paragraph (1) –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) how such information will be reviewed and utilized to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  assist in the identification of defects related to motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the systems and processes the Secretary will employ or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  establish to review and utilize such information; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the manner and form of reporting such information,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  including in electronic form.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Information in possession of manufacturer. – The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations promulgated by the Secretary under paragraph (1)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  may not require a manufacturer of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment to maintain or submit records respecting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information not in the possession of the manufacturer.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) Disclosure. – None of the information collected pursuant
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to the final rule promulgated under paragraph (1) shall be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed pursuant to section 30167(b) unless the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determines the disclosure of such information will assist in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  carrying out sections 30117(b) and 30118 through 30121.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) Burdensome requirements. – In promulgating the final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall not impose
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirements unduly burdensome to a manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment, taking into account the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer’s cost of complying with such requirements and the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary’s ability to use the information sought in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  meaningful manner to assist in the identification of defects
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related to motor vehicle safety.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) Periodic review. – As part of the final rule promulgated
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall specify procedures
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for the periodic review and update of such rule.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (n) Sale or Lease of Defective or Noncompliant Tire. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In general. – The Secretary shall, within 90 days of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date of the enactment of the Transportation Recall Enhancement,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act, issue a final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requiring any person who knowingly and willfully sells or leases
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for use on a motor vehicle a defective tire or a tire which is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not compliant with an applicable tire safety standard with actual
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  knowledge that the manufacturer of such tire has notified its
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  dealers of such defect or noncompliance as required under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30118(c) or as required by an order under section 30118(b) to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  report such sale or lease to the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Defect or noncompliance remedied or order not in effect. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Regulations under paragraph (1) shall not require the reporting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  described in paragraph (1) where before delivery under a sale or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  lease of a tire –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the defect or noncompliance of the tire is remedied as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  required by section 30120; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) notification of the defect or noncompliance is required
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118(b) but enforcement of the order is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restrained or the order is set aside in a civil action to which
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30121(d) applies.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 969; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-429, Sec. 6(24), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380; Pub. L. 104-88,
‚ ‚ ‚  title III, Sec. 308(j), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 947; Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  287, Sec. 6(f)(3), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3399; Pub. L. 106-414,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 3(a)-(c), Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1800-1802.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  112(a)-(c)), (D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(B)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 158(a)(1)), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  112(a)-(c)), 80 Stat. 722;‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2), (3), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 112(a)-(c), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 725; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  104(a), 88 Stat. 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (1st,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (1st,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2), (b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  61st-last words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)(2)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2), (b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  61st-last words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(A)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(A).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(b) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence 1st-60th‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words, last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(b) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence 1st-60th‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words, last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(1)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(a)(1); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1475.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(g)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(1), (3),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(1), (3),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(4)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(4).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(6)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(6).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(j)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1396 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inspecting and ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 107 (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  testing).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inspecting and testing), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 721.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(k)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the words “regulation prescribed or order issued
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter” are substituted for “rules, regulations, or
‚ ‚ ‚  orders issued thereunder” and “regulations and orders promulgated
‚ ‚ ‚  thereunder” for consistency and because “rule” and “regulation” are
‚ ‚ ‚  synonymous. The text of 15:1397(a)(1)(B) and (E) (as 1397(a)(1)(B),
‚ ‚ ‚  (E) relates to 15:1401) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “As used” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “use” is omitted as being included in “operation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(A), the words “this chapter” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “this subchapter” because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(B), the words “the facts, circumstances,
‚ ‚ ‚  conditions, and causes of” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “designed to carry out” are substituted for “which is for the
‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of carrying out” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “making”, “appropriate”, and
‚ ‚ ‚  “consistent with the purposes of this subsection” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “In carrying out
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are substituted for “For purposes of carrying out
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1)” in 15:1401(a)(2) and “In order to carry out the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of this subchapter” in 15:1401(c)(2) for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in this chapter. The words “an officer or employee
‚ ‚ ‚  designated by the Secretary of Transportation” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “officers or employees duly designated by the Secretary” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2), “an officer or employee duly designated by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary” in 15:1401(b), and “his duly authorized agent” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(2) for consistency. In clause (1), the words “may
‚ ‚ ‚  inspect and copy” are substituted for “shall . . . have access to,
‚ ‚ ‚  and for the purposes of examination the right to copy” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(2) to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “of any
‚ ‚ ‚  person having materials or information . . . any function of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under” are omitted as surplus. In clause (2), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “may” is substituted for “permit such officer or employee to” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(b) because of the restatement. The words “appropriate” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “relevant” are omitted as surplus. In clause (3)(A)-(C), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “inspect with reasonable promptness” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2) (last sentence) to eliminate unnecessary words and
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency. In clause (3)(A), the word “premises” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “factory, warehouse, or establishment” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. In clause (3)(D), the words “not more than” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “a period not to exceed” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “for the purpose of inspection” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “the authority of” are omitted as surplus. The words “is inspected
‚ ‚ ‚  or temporarily impounded under subsection (c)(3) of this section”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “Whenever, under the authority of paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚  (2)(B), the Secretary inspects or temporarily impounds for the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of inspection” for clarity and to correct the cross-
‚ ‚ ‚  reference in the source provision. The words “to its owner” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “establish and” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “This subsection does not impose” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as
‚ ‚ ‚  imposing” for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the words “notices, bulletins, and other” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “with a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter” are added for clarity. The text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to 15:1418(a)(1)) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(1), before clause (A), the words “or on the
‚ ‚ ‚  authorization of the Secretary, any officer or employee of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Department of Transportation” are omitted as surplus because of
‚ ‚ ‚  49:322(b). In clause (A), the words “in writing”, “in such form as
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary may prescribe”, “relating to any function of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under this subchapter”, and “shall be filed with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary within such reasonable period as the Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe” are omitted as surplus. In clause (B), the words “sit
‚ ‚ ‚  and act at such times and places” are omitted as being included in
‚ ‚ ‚  “conduct hearings”. The word “records” is substituted for “such
‚ ‚ ‚  books, papers, correspondence, memorandums, contracts, agreements,
‚ ‚ ‚  or other records” for consistency in the revised title and with
‚ ‚ ‚  other titles of the United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the words “A civil action to enforce a subpena
‚ ‚ ‚  or order . . . may be brought in the United States district court
‚ ‚ ‚  for the judicial district in which the proceeding is conducted” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “any of the district courts of the United States
‚ ‚ ‚  within the jurisdiction of which an inquiry is carried on may, in
‚ ‚ ‚  the case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpena or order of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary or such officer or employee . . . issue an order
‚ ‚ ‚  requiring compliance therewith” for clarity and to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “an order of the court to comply with
‚ ‚ ‚  a subpena or order” are substituted for “such order of the court”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (i), the words “United States” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Federal” for consistency. The words “to provide” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “from” because of the restatement. The words “his functions
‚ ‚ ‚  under” are omitted as surplus. The words “head of the” are added
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency. The words “to the Department of Transportation . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . made by the Secretary” are omitted as surplus. The words “detail
‚ ‚ ‚  personnel on a reimbursable basis” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(6)(B) to eliminate unnecessary words and because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The word “otherwise” is added for clarity. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “be deemed to” and “provision of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (j), the words “departments, agencies, and
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentalities of the Government, States, and other public and
‚ ‚ ‚  private agencies” are substituted for “other Federal departments
‚ ‚ ‚  and agencies, and State and other interested public and private
‚ ‚ ‚  agencies” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (k), the words “for appropriate action” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30166(h) to clarify the restatement of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(4) by section 1 of the Act of July 5, 1994 (Public Law
‚ ‚ ‚  103-272, 108 Stat. 970).

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of the enactment of the Transportation Recall
‚ ‚ ‚  Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act,
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsecs. (m)(1) and (n)(1), is the date of enactment
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 106-414, which was approved Nov. 1, 2000.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsecs. (l) to (n). Pub. L. 106-414 added subsecs. (l) to
‚ ‚ ‚  (n).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-287 made technical amendment to
‚ ‚ ‚  directory language of Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 308(j). See 1995
‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995 – Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 308(j), as amended by
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-287, substituted “subchapter I of chapter 135” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “subchapter II of chapter 105”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district” for “the judicial district”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 6(f)(3) of Pub. L. 104-287 provided that the amendment
‚ ‚ ‚  made by that section is effective Dec. 29, 1995.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section
‚ ‚ ‚  701 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30167‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30167. Disclosure of information by the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Confidentiality of Information. – Information obtained under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter related to a confidential matter referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1905 of title 18 may be disclosed only in the following
‚ ‚ ‚  ways:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to other officers and employees carrying out this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) when relevant to a proceeding under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) to the public if the confidentiality of the information is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  preserved.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) to the public when the Secretary of Transportation decides
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that disclosure is necessary to carry out section 30101 of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Defect and Noncompliance Information. – Subject to subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) of this section, the Secretary shall disclose information
‚ ‚ ‚  obtained under this chapter related to a defect or noncompliance
‚ ‚ ‚  that the Secretary decides will assist in carrying out sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(b) and 30118-30121 of this title or that is required to be
‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed under section 30118(a) of this title. A requirement to
‚ ‚ ‚  disclose information under this subsection is in addition to the
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of section 552 of title 5.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Information About Manufacturer’s Increased Costs. – A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer opposing an action of the Secretary under this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  because of increased cost shall submit to the Secretary information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the increased cost, including the manufacturer’s cost and the
‚ ‚ ‚  cost to retail purchasers, that allows the public and the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  to evaluate the manufacturer’s statement. The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  evaluate the information promptly and, subject to subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, shall make the information and evaluation available
‚ ‚ ‚  to the public. The Secretary shall publish a notice in the Federal
‚ ‚ ‚  Register that the information is available.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Withholding Information From Congress. – This section does
‚ ‚ ‚  not authorize information to be withheld from a committee of
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress authorized to have the information.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 970.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 112(e)),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)), (D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(a)(2)), (E) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(B)),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 112(e)), 80 Stat. 722;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2), (3), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 112(e), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 725; Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 104(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1480.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1402(b)(2) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  113; added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 105, 88
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1480.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(a)(2); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1476.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(A),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(A),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1402(a), (b)(1),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)-(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1402(b)(2) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(B) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e)), (D) (related to 15:1418(a)(2)), and (E) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e)) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “Except as
‚ ‚ ‚  otherwise provided in section 1418(a)(2) and section 1402(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title” in 15:1401(e) (1st sentence) are omitted, and the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “Information obtained under this chapter related to a confidential
‚ ‚ ‚  matter” are substituted for “all information reported to or
‚ ‚ ‚  otherwise obtained by the Secretary or his representative pursuant
‚ ‚ ‚  to this subchapter which information contains or relates to a trade
‚ ‚ ‚  secret or other matter” in 15:1401(e) (1st sentence) and “described
‚ ‚ ‚  in subparagraph (A)” in 15:1418(a)(2)(B), because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “shall be considered confidential for the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of that section” are omitted as surplus. The words “may be
‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed only in the following ways” are substituted for “except
‚ ‚ ‚  that such information may be disclosed” in 15:1401(e) (1st
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) and 15:1402(b)(2) (1st sentence) and “and shall not be
‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed; unless” in 15:1418(a)(2)(B) to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. Clause (3) is substituted for 15:1402(b)(2) (1st sentence
‚ ‚ ‚  words before 2d comma) to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “Subject to” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Except as provided in” for consistency. The words “to the public
‚ ‚ ‚  so much of any” and “which is” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “which relates to motor vehicle safety” and “with an applicable
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal motor vehicle safety standard” are omitted because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “the purposes of” and “and not in lieu of”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “For purposes of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  term ‘cost information’ means” and “such cost information” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted because of the restatement. The words “alleged”, “both”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and “resulting from action by the Secretary, in such form” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “Such term includes” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. The words “to evaluate” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “to make an informed judgment” to eliminate unnecessary words
‚ ‚ ‚  and for consistency in the subsection. The words “(in such detail
‚ ‚ ‚  as the Secretary may by regulation or order prescribe)” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus because of 49:322(a). The word “thereafter” is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The word “evaluate” is substituted for “prepare an
‚ ‚ ‚  evaluation of” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary” are added for clarity. The text of 15:1402(d) is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus because of 49:322(a). The text of 15:1402(e) is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “by the Secretary or any officer or
‚ ‚ ‚  employee under his control” and “duly” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “to have the information” are added for clarity.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30168‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30168. Research, testing, development, and training

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Authority. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall conduct research, testing, development, and training
‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to carry out this chapter. The research, development,
‚ ‚ ‚  testing, and training shall include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) collecting information to determine the relationship
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  between motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment performance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  characteristics and –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) accidents involving motor vehicles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the occurrence of death or personal injury resulting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  from those accidents;

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) obtaining experimental and other motor vehicles and motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment for research or testing; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) selling or otherwise disposing of test motor vehicles and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment and crediting the proceeds to current
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  appropriations available to carry out this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may carry out this subsection through grants to
‚ ‚ ‚  States, interstate authorities, and nonprofit institutions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Use of Public Agencies. – In carrying out this chapter, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall use the services, research, and testing facilities
‚ ‚ ‚  of public agencies to the maximum extent practicable to avoid
‚ ‚ ‚  duplication.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Facilities. – The Secretary may plan, design, and build a new
‚ ‚ ‚  facility or modify an existing facility to conduct research,
‚ ‚ ‚  development, and testing in traffic safety, highway safety, and
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety. An expenditure of more than $100,000 for
‚ ‚ ‚  planning, design, or construction may be made only if the planning,
‚ ‚ ‚  design, or construction is approved by substantially similar
‚ ‚ ‚  resolutions by the Committees on Commerce and Transportation and
‚ ‚ ‚  Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committees
‚ ‚ ‚  on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and Environment and Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Works of the Senate. To obtain that approval, the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  submit to Congress a prospectus on the proposed facility. The
‚ ‚ ‚  prospectus shall include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a brief description of the facility being planned,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designed, or built;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the location of the facility;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) an estimate of the maximum cost of the facility;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a statement identifying private and public agencies that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  will use the facility and the contribution each agency will make
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to the cost of the facility; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) a justification of the need for the facility.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Increasing Costs of Approved Facilities. – The estimated
‚ ‚ ‚  maximum cost of a facility approved under subsection (c) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section may be increased by an amount equal to the percentage
‚ ‚ ‚  increase in construction costs from the date the prospectus is
‚ ‚ ‚  submitted to Congress. However, the increase in the cost of the
‚ ‚ ‚  facility may not be more than 10 percent of the estimated maximum
‚ ‚ ‚  cost included in the prospectus. The Secretary shall decide what
‚ ‚ ‚  increase in construction costs has occurred.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Availability of Information, Patents, and Developments. –
‚ ‚ ‚  When the United States Government makes more than a minimal
‚ ‚ ‚  contribution to a research or development activity under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter, the Secretary shall include in the arrangement for the
‚ ‚ ‚  activity a provision to ensure that all information, patents, and
‚ ‚ ‚  developments related to the activity are available to the public.
‚ ‚ ‚  However, the owner of a background patent may not be deprived of a
‚ ‚ ‚  right under the patent.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 971; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-287, Sec. 5(58), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3394.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1395(a), (b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 106, 118, 80‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 721, 728.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1406.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1431(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 301, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729; restated May 22, 1970,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 91-265, Sec. 7, 84‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 263.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1431(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1395(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “the purposes
‚ ‚ ‚  of” and “but not limited to” are omitted as surplus. In clause (A),
‚ ‚ ‚  before subclause (i), the words “from any source” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (B), the words “(by negotiation or otherwise)”
‚ ‚ ‚  and “purposes” are omitted as surplus. In clause (C), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “crediting” is substituted for “reimbursing” because it is more
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate. The words “of such sale or disposal” and “the purposes
‚ ‚ ‚  of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “conduct research, testing,
‚ ‚ ‚  development, and training as authorized to be . . . for the conduct
‚ ‚ ‚  of such research, testing, development, and training” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The word “authorities” is substituted for “agencies”
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “in order” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the word “suitable” is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The word “testing” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “compliance and other testing” to eliminate unnecessary words. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “An expenditure of more than $100,000 . . . may be made only”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “except that no appropriation shall be made . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . involving an expenditure in excess of $100,000” as being more
‚ ‚ ‚  precise and to eliminate unnecessary words. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “substantially similar resolutions” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “resolutions adopted in substantially the same form” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “Energy and Commerce” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Interstate and Foreign Commerce”, and the words “Public Works
‚ ‚ ‚  and Transportation” are substituted for “Public Works”, to conform
‚ ‚ ‚  to the amendments made to House Rule X changing the names of those
‚ ‚ ‚  committees. The words “Commerce, Science, and Transportation” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Commerce”, and the words “Environment and Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Works” are substituted for “Public Works”, to conform to the
‚ ‚ ‚  amendments made to Senate Rule XXV changing the names of those
‚ ‚ ‚  committees. The words “To obtain that” are substituted for “For the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of securing consideration of such” to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. The words “The prospectus shall include” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “including” for clarity. The words “(but not limited to)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (5), the words “statement of” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “if any” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “in the cost of the facility” are substituted for “authorized
‚ ‚ ‚  by this subsection”, and the words “The Secretary shall decide what
‚ ‚ ‚  increase in construction costs has occurred” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “as determined by the Secretary”, for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “United States Government” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal” for consistency. The words “arrangement
‚ ‚ ‚  for the activity” are substituted for “contract, grant, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  arrangement for such research or development activity”, and the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “patents, and developments” are substituted for “uses,
‚ ‚ ‚  processes, patents, and other developments”, to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “encouraging motor vehicle safety”,
‚ ‚ ‚  “effective”, “fully and freely”, and “general” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The word “However” is added for clarity. The words “may
‚ ‚ ‚  not be” are substituted for “Nothing herein shall be construed to”
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency. The words “which he may have” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-287 substituted “Committees on
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce and Transportation and Infrastructure” for “Committees on
‚ ‚ ‚  Energy and Commerce and Public Works and Transportation”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30169‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30169. Annual reports

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Report. – The Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  submit to the President to submit to Congress on July 1 of each
‚ ‚ ‚  year a report on the administration of this chapter for the prior
‚ ‚ ‚  calendar year. The report shall include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a thorough statistical compilation of accidents and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  injuries;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) motor vehicle safety standards in effect or prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the degree of observance of the standards;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a summary of current research grants and contracts and a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  description of the problems to be considered under those grants
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and contracts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) an analysis and evaluation of research activities completed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and technological progress achieved;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) enforcement actions;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) the extent to which technical information was given the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  scientific community and consumer-oriented information was made
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  available to the public; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) recommendations for legislation needed to promote
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  cooperation among the States in improving traffic safety and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  strengthening the national traffic safety program.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Report on Importing Motor Vehicles. – Not later than 18
‚ ‚ ‚  months after regulations are first prescribed under section
‚ ‚ ‚  2(e)(1)(B) of the Imported Vehicle Safety Compliance Act of 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report of the actions
‚ ‚ ‚  taken to carry out subchapter III of this chapter and the
‚ ‚ ‚  effectiveness of those actions, including any testing by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under section 30146(c)(2) of this title. After the first
‚ ‚ ‚  report, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection not later than July 31 of each year.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 972.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30169(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1408.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 120, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  728; May 22, 1970, Pub. L.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  91-265, Sec. 5, 84 Stat.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  263; Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 110(b), 88‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1484.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30169(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(e)(4), 102‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2825.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “prepare and”,
‚ ‚ ‚  “comprehensive”, and “but not be restricted to” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary. In clause (1), the words “occurring in such year” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (2), the words “in such year” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “under this chapter” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Federal” for consistency in this chapter. In clause (3), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “applicable Federal motor vehicle” are omitted as surplus. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (4), the word “all” is omitted as surplus. In clause (5),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “including relevant policy recommendations” and “during
‚ ‚ ‚  such year” are omitted as surplus. In clause (6), the words “a
‚ ‚ ‚  statement of . . . including judicial decisions, settlements, or
‚ ‚ ‚  pending litigation during such year” are omitted as surplus. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (7), the word “motoring” is omitted as surplus. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (8), the words “The report required by subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section shall contain such” are omitted because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “additional . . . as the Secretary deems” and “several”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 2(e)(1)(B) of the Imported Vehicle Safety Compliance Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of 1988, referred to in subsec. (b), is section 2(e)(1)(B) of Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 100-562, which was set out as a note under section 1397 of Title
‚ ‚ ‚  15, Commerce and Trade, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law
‚ ‚ ‚  requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103-7 (in
‚ ‚ ‚  which the 1st item on page 135 and the 2nd item on page 134
‚ ‚ ‚  identify reporting provisions which, as subsequently amended, are
‚ ‚ ‚  contained, respectively, in subsecs. (a) and (b) of this section),
‚ ‚ ‚  see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, set out as a note under section
‚ ‚ ‚  1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30170‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30170. Criminal Penalties

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Criminal Liability for Falsifying or Withholding Information.
‚ ‚ ‚  –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) General rule. – A person who violates section 1001 of title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  18 with respect to the reporting requirements of section 30166,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the specific intention of misleading the Secretary with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  respect to motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related defects that have caused death or serious bodily injury
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to an individual (as defined in section 1365(g)(3) (!1) of title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  18), shall be subject to criminal penalties of a fine under title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  18, or imprisoned for not more than 15 years, or both.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Safe harbor to encourage reporting and for whistle blowers.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) Correction. – A person described in paragraph (1) shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not be subject to criminal penalties under this subsection if:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) at the time of the violation, such person does not know
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the violation would result in an accident causing death or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  serious bodily injury; and (2) the person corrects any improper
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reports or failure to report within a reasonable time.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Reasonable time and sufficiency of correction. – The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall establish by regulation what constitutes a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time for the purposes of subparagraph (A) and what
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manner of correction is sufficient for purposes of subparagraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A). The Secretary shall issue a final rule under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subparagraph within 90 days of the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) Effective date. – Subsection (a) shall not take effect
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before the final rule under subparagraph (B) takes effect.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Coordination with Department of Justice. – The Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General may bring an action, or initiate grand jury proceedings,
‚ ‚ ‚  for a violation of subsection (a) only at the request of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 5(b)(1), Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1803.)

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 1365(g)(3) of title 18, referred to in subsec. (a)(1),
‚ ‚ ‚  was redesignated section 1365(h)(3) of title 18 by Pub. L. 107-307,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 2(1), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2445.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of the enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(2)(B), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106-414, which was
‚ ‚ ‚  approved Nov. 1, 2000.

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) See References in Text note below.
-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-MISC1-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30301.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Definitions.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30302.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30303.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State participation.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30304.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Reports by chief driver licensing officials.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30305.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Access to Register information.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30306.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register Advisory Committee.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30307.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Criminal penalties.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30308.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Authorization of appropriations.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30301‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30301. Definitions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “alcohol” has the same meaning given that term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “chief driver licensing official” means the official in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State who is authorized to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) maintain a record about a motor vehicle operator’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  license issued by the State; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) issue, deny, revoke, suspend, or cancel a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operator’s license issued by the State.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “controlled substance” has the same meaning given that term
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in section 102 of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Control Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 802).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “motor vehicle” means a vehicle, machine, tractor, trailer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  public streets, roads, or highways, but does not include a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operated only on a rail line.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) “motor vehicle operator’s license” means a license issued
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by a State authorizing an individual to operate a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on public streets, roads, or highways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) “participating State” means a State that has notified the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under section 30303 of this title of its participation
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the National Driver Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) “State” means a State of the United States, the District of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) “State of record” means a State that has given the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary a report under section 30304 of this title about an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  individual who is the subject of a request for information made
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30305 of this title.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 973.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30301‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 202, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1740.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In clauses (4) and (5), the words “public streets, roads, or
‚ ‚ ‚  highways” are substituted for “highway” and ” ‘highway’ means any
‚ ‚ ‚  road or street” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (4), the words “rail line” are substituted for “rail or
‚ ‚ ‚  rails” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The definitions of “Secretary”, “Register”, and “Register system”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus because the complete name of the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation and the National Driver Register are used the
‚ ‚ ‚  first time the terms appear in a section.
-TRANS-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see
‚ ‚ ‚  note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and
‚ ‚ ‚  Insular Possessions.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PROTECTION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND CRIME VICTIMS FROM CERTAIN
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  DISCLOSURES OF INFORMATION
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-162, title VIII, Sec. 827, Jan. 5, 2006, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  3066, provided that: “In developing regulations or guidance with
‚ ‚ ‚  regard to identification documents, including driver’s licenses,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Administrator of Social Security, shall consider and address the
‚ ‚ ‚  needs of victims, including victims of battery, extreme cruelty,
‚ ‚ ‚  domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking or
‚ ‚ ‚  trafficking, who are entitled to enroll in State address
‚ ‚ ‚  confidentiality programs, whose addresses are entitled to be
‚ ‚ ‚  suppressed under State or Federal law or suppressed by a court
‚ ‚ ‚  order, or who are protected from disclosure of information pursuant
‚ ‚ ‚  to section 384 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant
‚ ‚ ‚  Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1367).”

‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVED SECURITY FOR DRIVERS’ LICENSES AND PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CARDS
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 110-177, title V, Sec. 508, Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2543,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Minimum Document Requirements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Minimum requirements. – For purposes of section 202(b)(6)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the REAL ID Act of 2005 [div. B of Pub. L. 109-13] (49 U.S.C.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30301 note), a State may, in the case of an individual described
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (2), include in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver’s license or other identification card issued to that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  individual by the State, the address specified in that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subparagraph in lieu of the individual’s address of principle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  residence.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Individuals and information. – The individuals and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  addresses referred to in paragraph (1) are the following:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) In the case of a Justice of the United States, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  address of the United States Supreme Court.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) In the case of a judge of a Federal court, the address
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the courthouse.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Verification of Information. – For purposes of section
‚ ‚ ‚  202(c)(1)(D) of the REAL ID Act of 2005 (49 U.S.C. 30301 note), in
‚ ‚ ‚  the case of an individual described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(2), a State need only require documentation of the
‚ ‚ ‚  address appearing on the individual’s driver’s license or other
‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued by that State to the individual.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-13, div. B, title II, May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 311,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 201. DEFINITIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “In this title, the following definitions apply:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Driver’s license. – The term ‘driver’s license’ means a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle operator’s license, as defined in section 30301 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title 49, United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Identification card. – The term ‘identification card’
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  means a personal identification card, as defined in section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1028(d) of title 18, United States Code, issued by a State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Official purpose. – The term ‘official purpose’ includes
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  but is not limited to accessing Federal facilities, boarding
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  federally regulated commercial aircraft, entering nuclear power
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  plants, and any other purposes that the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determine.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Secretary. – The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Homeland Security.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) State. – The term ‘State’ means a State of the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or possession of the United States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 202. MINIMUM DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS AND ISSUANCE STANDARDS
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FOR FEDERAL RECOGNITION.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Minimum Standards for Federal Use. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – Beginning 3 years after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this division [May 11, 2005], a Federal agency may
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not accept, for any official purpose, a driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued by a State to any person unless the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State is meeting the requirements of this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) State certifications. – The Secretary shall determine
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  whether a State is meeting the requirements of this section based
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on certifications made by the State to the Secretary. Such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certifications shall be made at such times and in such manner as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation, may prescribe by regulation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Minimum Document Requirements. – To meet the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a State shall include, at a minimum, the following
‚ ‚ ‚  information and features on each driver’s license and
‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued to a person by the State:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) The person’s full legal name.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) The person’s date of birth.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) The person’s gender.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) The person’s driver’s license or identification card
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  number.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) A digital photograph of the person.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) The person’s address of principle residence.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) The person’s signature.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) Physical security features designed to prevent tampering,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  counterfeiting, or duplication of the document for fraudulent
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purposes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) A common machine-readable technology, with defined minimum
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  data elements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Minimum Issuance Standards. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – To meet the requirements of this section, a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State shall require, at a minimum, presentation and verification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the following information before issuing a driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card to a person:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) A photo identity document, except that a non-photo
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identity document is acceptable if it includes both the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  person’s full legal name and date of birth.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Documentation showing the person’s date of birth.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Proof of the person’s social security account number or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  verification that the person is not eligible for a social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(D) Documentation showing the person’s name and address of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  principal residence.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Special requirements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) In general. – To meet the requirements of this section,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a State shall comply with the minimum standards of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Evidence of lawful status. – A State shall require,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before issuing a driver’s license or identification card to a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  person, valid documentary evidence that the person –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) is a citizen or national of the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) is an alien lawfully admitted for permanent or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  temporary residence in the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iii) has conditional permanent resident status in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iv) has an approved application for asylum in the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States or has entered into the United States in refugee
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  status;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(v) has a valid, unexpired nonimmigrant visa or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  nonimmigrant visa status for entry into the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(vi) has a pending application for asylum in the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(vii) has a pending or approved application for temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  protected status in the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(viii) has approved deferred action status; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ix) has a pending application for adjustment of status to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States or conditional permanent resident status in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Temporary drivers’ licenses and identification cards. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) In general. – If a person presents evidence under any
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of clauses (v) through (ix) of subparagraph (B), the State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  may only issue a temporary driver’s license or temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card to the person.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) Expiration date. – A temporary driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  temporary identification card issued pursuant to this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subparagraph shall be valid only during the period of time of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the applicant’s authorized stay in the United States or, if
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  there is no definite end to the period of authorized stay, a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  period of one year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iii) Display of expiration date. – A temporary driver’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  license or temporary identification card issued pursuant to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this subparagraph shall clearly indicate that it is temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and shall state the date on which it expires.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iv) Renewal. – A temporary driver’s license or temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued pursuant to this subparagraph may
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  be renewed only upon presentation of valid documentary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  evidence that the status by which the applicant qualified for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the temporary driver’s license or temporary identification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  card has been extended by the Secretary of Homeland Security.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Verification of documents. – To meet the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a State shall implement the following procedures:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) Before issuing a driver’s license or identification card
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to a person, the State shall verify, with the issuing agency,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the issuance, validity, and completeness of each document
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  required to be presented by the person under paragraph (1) or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) The State shall not accept any foreign document, other
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than an official passport, to satisfy a requirement of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) or (2).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Not later than September 11, 2005, the State shall enter
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  into a memorandum of understanding with the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Homeland Security to routinely utilize the automated system
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  known as Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements, as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provided for by section 404 of the Illegal Immigration Reform
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 [Pub. L. 104-208, div.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  C, 8 U.S.C. 1324a note] (110 Stat. 3009-664), to verify the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  legal presence status of a person, other than a United States
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  citizen, applying for a driver’s license or identification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  card.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Other Requirements. – To meet the requirements of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section, a State shall adopt the following practices in the
‚ ‚ ‚  issuance of drivers’ licenses and identification cards:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Employ technology to capture digital images of identity
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  source documents so that the images can be retained in electronic
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  storage in a transferable format.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Retain paper copies of source documents for a minimum of 7
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  years or images of source documents presented for a minimum of 10
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Subject each person applying for a driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card to mandatory facial image capture.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Establish an effective procedure to confirm or verify a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  renewing applicant’s information.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) Confirm with the Social Security Administration a social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number presented by a person using the full
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  social security account number. In the event that a social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number is already registered to or associated
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with another person to which any State has issued a driver’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  license or identification card, the State shall resolve the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  discrepancy and take appropriate action.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) Refuse to issue a driver’s license or identification card
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to a person holding a driver’s license issued by another State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  without confirmation that the person is terminating or has
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  terminated the driver’s license.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) Ensure the physical security of locations where drivers’
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  licenses and identification cards are produced and the security
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of document materials and papers from which drivers’ licenses and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification cards are produced.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) Subject all persons authorized to manufacture or produce
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  drivers’ licenses and identification cards to appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security clearance requirements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) Establish fraudulent document recognition training
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  programs for appropriate employees engaged in the issuance of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  drivers’ licenses and identification cards.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(10) Limit the period of validity of all driver’s licenses and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification cards that are not temporary to a period that does
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not exceed 8 years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(11) In any case in which the State issues a driver’s license
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or identification card that does not satisfy the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section, ensure that such license or identification card –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) clearly states on its face that it may not be accepted
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by any Federal agency for federal identification or any other
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  official purpose; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) uses a unique design or color indicator to alert Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  agency and other law enforcement personnel that it may not be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  accepted for any such purpose.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(12) Provide electronic access to all other States to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information contained in the motor vehicle database of the State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(13) Maintain a State motor vehicle database that contains, at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a minimum –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) all data fields printed on drivers’ licenses and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification cards issued by the State; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) motor vehicle drivers’ histories, including motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle violations, suspensions, and points on licenses.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 203. TRAFFICKING IN AUTHENTICATION FEATURES FOR USE IN
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FALSE IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENTS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Criminal Penalty. – [Amended section 1028 of Title 18,
‚ ‚ ‚  Crimes and Criminal Procedure.]
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Use of False Driver’s License at Airports. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – The Secretary shall enter, into the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate aviation security screening database, appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information regarding any person convicted of using a false
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver’s license at an airport (as such term is defined in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 40102 of title 49, United States Code).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) False defined. – In this subsection, the term ‘false’ has
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the same meaning such term has under section 1028(d) of title 18,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 204. GRANTS TO STATES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – The Secretary may make grants to a State to
‚ ‚ ‚  assist the State in conforming to the minimum standards set forth
‚ ‚ ‚  in this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Authorization of Appropriations. – There are authorized to
‚ ‚ ‚  be appropriated to the Secretary for each of the fiscal years 2005
‚ ‚ ‚  through 2009 such sums as may be necessary to carry out this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 205. AUTHORITY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Participation of Secretary of Transportation and States. –
‚ ‚ ‚  All authority to issue regulations, set standards, and issue grants
‚ ‚ ‚  under this title shall be carried out by the Secretary, in
‚ ‚ ‚  consultation with the Secretary of Transportation and the States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Extensions of Deadlines. – The Secretary may grant to a
‚ ‚ ‚  State an extension of time to meet the requirements of section
‚ ‚ ‚  202(a)(1) if the State provides adequate justification for
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 206. REPEAL.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[Repealed section 7212 of Pub. L. 108-458, set out below.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 207. LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Nothing in this title shall be construed to affect the
‚ ‚ ‚  authorities or responsibilities of the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  or the States under chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 108-458, title VII, Sec. 7212, Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  3827, which prohibited acceptance by a Federal agency, for any
‚ ‚ ‚  official purpose, of a driver’s license or personal identification
‚ ‚ ‚  card issued by a State more than 2 years after the promulgation of
‚ ‚ ‚  minimum standards unless the driver’s license or personal
‚ ‚ ‚  identification card conformed to such minimum standards, and
‚ ‚ ‚  directed the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Homeland Security, to establish such standards not
‚ ‚ ‚  later than 18 months after Dec. 17, 2004, was repealed by Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  109-13, div. B, title II, Sec. 206, May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 316.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT OF ALTERNATIVES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(c), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  336, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Evaluation. – The Secretary shall evaluate the
‚ ‚ ‚  implementation of chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code, and
‚ ‚ ‚  the programs under sections 31106 and 31309 of such title and
‚ ‚ ‚  identify alternatives to improve the ability of the States to
‚ ‚ ‚  exchange information about unsafe drivers and to identify drivers
‚ ‚ ‚  with multiple licenses.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Technology assessment. – The Secretary, in conjunction with
‚ ‚ ‚  the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators, shall
‚ ‚ ‚  conduct an assessment of available electronic technologies to
‚ ‚ ‚  improve access to and exchange of motor vehicle driving records.
‚ ‚ ‚  The assessment may consider alternative unique motor vehicle driver
‚ ‚ ‚  identifiers that would facilitate accurate matching of drivers and
‚ ‚ ‚  their records.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Report to congress. – Not later than 2 years after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of enactment of this Act [June 9, 1998], the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  transmit to Congress a report on the results of the evaluation and
‚ ‚ ‚  technology assessment, together with any recommendations for
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate administrative and legislative actions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Authorization of Appropriations. – There is authorized to be
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriated to carry out paragraph (2) $250,000 in the aggregate
‚ ‚ ‚  for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1998.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30302‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30302. National Driver Register

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Establishment and Contents. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish as soon as practicable and maintain a National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register to assist chief driver licensing officials of
‚ ‚ ‚  participating States in exchanging information about the motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle driving records of individuals. The Register shall contain
‚ ‚ ‚  an index of the information reported to the Secretary under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30304 of this title. The Register shall enable the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  (electronically or, until all States can participate
‚ ‚ ‚  electronically, by United States mail) –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to receive information submitted under section 30304 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title by the chief driver licensing official of a State of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  record;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to receive a request for information made by the chief
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of a participating State under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30305 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) to refer the request to the chief driver licensing official
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of a State of record; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) in response to the request, to relay information provided
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by a chief driver licensing official of a State of record to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing official of a participating State, without
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  interception of the information.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Accuracy of Information. – The Secretary is not responsible
‚ ‚ ‚  for the accuracy of information relayed to the chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official of a participating State. However, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall maintain the Register in a way that ensures against
‚ ‚ ‚  inadvertent alteration of information during a relay.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Transition From Prior Register. – (1) The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  provide by regulation for the orderly transition from the register
‚ ‚ ‚  maintained under the Act of July 14, 1960 (Public Law 86-660, 74
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 526), as restated by section 401 of the National Traffic and
‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730),
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Register maintained under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2)(A) The Secretary shall delete from the Register a report or
‚ ‚ ‚  information that was compiled under the Act of July 14, 1960
‚ ‚ ‚  (Public Law 86-660, 74 Stat. 526), as restated by section 401 of
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730), and transferred to the Register, after
‚ ‚ ‚  the earlier of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the date the State of record removes it from the State’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  file;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) 7 years after the date the report or information is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  entered in the Register; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the date a fully electronic Register system is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  established.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) The report or information shall be disposed of under chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  33 of title 44.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) If the chief driver licensing official of a participating
‚ ‚ ‚  State finds that information provided for inclusion in the Register
‚ ‚ ‚  is erroneous or is related to a conviction of a traffic offense
‚ ‚ ‚  that subsequently is reversed, the official immediately shall
‚ ‚ ‚  notify the Secretary. The Secretary shall provide for the immediate
‚ ‚ ‚  deletion of the information from the Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Assignment of Personnel. – In carrying out this chapter, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall assign personnel necessary to ensure the effective
‚ ‚ ‚  operation of the Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Transfer of Selected Functions to Non-Federal Management. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Agreement. – The Secretary may enter into an agreement with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an organization that represents the interests of the States to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manage, administer, and operate the National Driver Register’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  computer timeshare and user assistance functions. If the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary decides to enter into such an agreement, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall ensure that the management of these functions is compatible
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with this chapter and the regulations issued to implement this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Required demonstration. – Any transfer of the National
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register’s computer timeshare and user assistance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  functions to an organization that represents the interests of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States shall begin only after a determination is made by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary that all States are participating in the National
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register’s “Problem Driver Pointer System” (the system
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  used by the Register to effect the exchange of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driving records) and that the system is functioning properly.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Transition period. – Any agreement entered into under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection shall include a provision for a transition period
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sufficient to allow the States to make the budgetary and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  legislative changes the States may need to pay fees charged by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the organization representing their interests for their use of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the National Driver Register’s computer timeshare and user
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  assistance functions. During this transition period, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall continue to fund these transferred functions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) Fees. – The total of the fees charged by the organization
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  representing the interests of the States in any fiscal year for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the use of the National Driver Register’s computer timeshare and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  user assistance functions shall not exceed the total cost to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organization of performing these functions in such fiscal year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) Limitation on statutory construction. – Nothing in this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection may be construed to diminish, limit, or otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  affect the authority of the Secretary to carry out this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 973; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 335.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30302‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 203, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1741.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of enactment of this title [Oct. 25, 1982]” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  obsolete.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “The Secretary shall provide by
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation” are substituted for “The Secretary shall, within
‚ ‚ ‚  eighteen months after the date of enactment of this title [Oct. 25,
‚ ‚ ‚  1982], promulgate a final rule which provides” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  executed language, for consistency in the revised title, and
‚ ‚ ‚  because “rule” and “regulation” are synonymous.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The text of section 203(e) of the National Driver Register Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1742) is omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of 49:322(a).

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act of July 14, 1960, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), (2)(A), is
‚ ‚ ‚  set out below.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-178 added subsec. (e).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REGISTER OF REVOCATIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR’S LICENSES‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 86-660, July 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 526, as amended by Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 87-359, Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 779; Pub. L. 89-563, title IV,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 401, Sept. 9, 1966, 80 Stat. 730, provided: “That the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Commerce shall establish and maintain a register
‚ ‚ ‚  identifying each individual reported to him by a State, or
‚ ‚ ‚  political subdivision thereof, as an individual with respect to
‚ ‚ ‚  whom such State or political subdivision has denied, terminated, or
‚ ‚ ‚  temporarily withdrawn (except a withdrawal for less than six months
‚ ‚ ‚  based on a series of nonmoving violations) an individual’s license
‚ ‚ ‚  or privilege to operate a motor vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Sec. 2. Only at the request of a State, a political subdivision
‚ ‚ ‚  thereof, or a Federal department or agency, shall the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  furnish information contained in the register established under the
‚ ‚ ‚  first section of this Act, and such information shall be furnished
‚ ‚ ‚  only to the requesting party and only with respect to an individual
‚ ‚ ‚  applicant for a motor vehicle operator’s license or permit.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Sec. 3. As used in this Act, the term ‘State’ includes each of
‚ ‚ ‚  the several States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District
‚ ‚ ‚  of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, and American
‚ ‚ ‚  Samoa.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30303‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30303. State participation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Notification. – A State may become a participating State
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter by notifying the Secretary of Transportation of
‚ ‚ ‚  its intention to be bound by section 30304 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Withdrawal. – A participating State may end its status as a
‚ ‚ ‚  participating State by notifying the Secretary of its withdrawal
‚ ‚ ‚  from participation in the National Driver Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Form and Way of Notification. – Notification by a State under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section shall be made in the form and way the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribes by regulation.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 974.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30303‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 204, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1742.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “in the form and way” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “in such form, and according to such procedures” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30304‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30304. Reports by chief driver licensing officials

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Individuals Covered. – As soon as practicable, the chief
‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of each participating State shall submit
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Secretary of Transportation a report containing the
‚ ‚ ‚  information specified by subsection (b) of this section for each
‚ ‚ ‚  individual –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) who is denied a motor vehicle operator’s license by that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State for cause;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) whose motor vehicle operator’s license is revoked,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  suspended, or canceled by that State for cause; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) who is convicted under the laws of that State of any of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  following motor vehicle-related offenses or comparable offenses:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or impaired by, alcohol or a controlled substance.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) a traffic violation arising in connection with a fatal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  traffic accident, reckless driving, or racing on the highways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) failing to give aid or provide identification when
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in an accident resulting in death or personal injury.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) perjury or knowingly making a false affidavit or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  statement to officials about activities governed by a law or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation on the operation of a motor vehicle.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Contents. – (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, a report under subsection (a) of this section shall
‚ ‚ ‚  contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the individual’s legal name, date of birth, sex, and, at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary’s discretion, height, weight, and eye and hair
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  color;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the name of the State providing the information; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the social security account number if used by the State for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver record or motor vehicle license purposes, and the motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operator’s license number if different from the social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A report under subsection (a) of this section about an event
‚ ‚ ‚  that occurs during the 2-year period before the State becomes a
‚ ‚ ‚  participating State is sufficient if the report contains all of the
‚ ‚ ‚  information that is available to the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official when the State becomes a participating State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Time for Filing. – If a report under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section is about an event that occurs –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) during the 2-year period before the State becomes a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  participating State, the report shall be submitted not later than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  6 months after the State becomes a participating State; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) after the State becomes a participating State, the report
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall be submitted not later than 31 days after the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  department of the State receives any information specified in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)(1) of this section that is the subject of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  report.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Events Occurring Before Participation. – This section does
‚ ‚ ‚  not require a State to report information about an event that
‚ ‚ ‚  occurs before the 2-year period before the State becomes a
‚ ‚ ‚  participating State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Driver Record Inquiry. – Before issuing a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  operator’s license to an individual or renewing such a license, a
‚ ‚ ‚  State shall request from the Secretary information from the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register under section 30302 and the commercial
‚ ‚ ‚  driver’s license information system under section 31309 on the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual’s driving record.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 975; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-159, title II, Sec. 204, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1762.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30304‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 205, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1742.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of enactment of this title [Oct. 25, 1982]” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  obsolete.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(A), the words “(including day, month, and
‚ ‚ ‚  year)” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “A report under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section” are substituted for “any report concerning an
‚ ‚ ‚  occurrence specified in subsection (a)(1), (2), or (3) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “required to be
‚ ‚ ‚  transmitted by a chief driver licensing official of a State” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (1), the words “specified in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(1), (2), or (3) of this section” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (2), the words “the motor vehicle department of
‚ ‚ ‚  the State receives any information specified in subsection (b)(1)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this section that is the subject of the report” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “receipt by a State motor vehicle department of any information
‚ ‚ ‚  specified in subsection (b)(1), (2), or (3) of this section which
‚ ‚ ‚  is the subject of such report” because of the restatement.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1999 – Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106-159 added subsec. (e).

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30305‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30305. Access to Register information

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Referrals of Information Requests. – (1) To carry out duties
‚ ‚ ‚  related to driver licensing, driver improvement, or transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  safety, the chief driver licensing official of a participating
‚ ‚ ‚  State may request the Secretary of Transportation to refer,
‚ ‚ ‚  electronically or by United States mail, a request for information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the motor vehicle driving record of an individual to the
‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing official of a State of record.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall relay, electronically
‚ ‚ ‚  or by United States mail, information received from the chief
‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of a State of record in response to a
‚ ‚ ‚  request under paragraph (1) of this subsection to the chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official of the participating State requesting the
‚ ‚ ‚  information. However, the Secretary may refuse to relay information
‚ ‚ ‚  to the chief driver licensing official of a participating State
‚ ‚ ‚  that does not comply with section 30304 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Requests To Obtain Information. – (1) The Chairman of the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Transportation Safety Board and the Administrator of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Highway Administration may request the chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official of a State to obtain information under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section about an individual who is the
‚ ‚ ‚  subject of an accident investigation conducted by the Board or the
‚ ‚ ‚  Administrator. The Chairman and the Administrator may receive the
‚ ‚ ‚  information.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) An individual who is employed, or is seeking employment, as a
‚ ‚ ‚  driver of a motor vehicle may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of the State in which the individual is employed or seeks
‚ ‚ ‚  employment to provide information about the individual under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section to the individual’s employer or
‚ ‚ ‚  prospective employer. An employer or prospective employer may
‚ ‚ ‚  receive the information and shall make the information available to
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual. Information may not be obtained from the National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register under this paragraph if the information was entered
‚ ‚ ‚  in the Register more than 3 years before the request, unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  information is about a revocation or suspension still in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) An individual who has received, or is applying for, an
‚ ‚ ‚  airman’s certificate may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to provide information about the individual
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section to the Administrator of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Aviation Administration. The Administrator may receive the
‚ ‚ ‚  information and shall make the information available to the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual for review and written comment. The Administrator may
‚ ‚ ‚  use the information to verify information required to be reported
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Administrator by an airman applying for an airman medical
‚ ‚ ‚  certificate and to evaluate whether the airman meets the minimum
‚ ‚ ‚  standards prescribed by the Administrator to be issued an airman
‚ ‚ ‚  medical certificate. The Administrator may not otherwise divulge or
‚ ‚ ‚  use the information. Information may not be obtained from the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register under this paragraph if the information was entered in the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register more than 3 years before the request, unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  information is about a revocation or suspension still in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) An individual who is employed, or is seeking employment, by a
‚ ‚ ‚  rail carrier as an operator of a locomotive may request the chief
‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of a State to provide information about
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual under subsection (a) of this section to the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual’s employer or prospective employer or to the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation. Information may not be obtained from the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register under this paragraph if the information was entered in the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register more than 3 years before the request, unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  information is about a revocation or suspension still in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) An individual who holds, or is applying for, a license or
‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of registry under section 7101 of title 46, or a
‚ ‚ ‚  merchant mariner’s document under section 7302 of title 46, may
‚ ‚ ‚  request the chief driver licensing official of a State to provide
‚ ‚ ‚  information about the individual under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section to the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard
‚ ‚ ‚  is operating. The Secretary may receive the information and shall
‚ ‚ ‚  make the information available to the individual for review and
‚ ‚ ‚  written comment before denying, suspending, or revoking the
‚ ‚ ‚  license, certificate, or document of the individual based on the
‚ ‚ ‚  information and before using the information in an action taken
‚ ‚ ‚  under chapter 77 of title 46. The Secretary may not otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚  divulge or use the information, except for purposes of section
‚ ‚ ‚  7101, 7302, or 7703 of title 46. Information may not be obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  from the Register under this paragraph if the information was
‚ ‚ ‚  entered in the Register more than 3 years before the request,
‚ ‚ ‚  unless the information is about a revocation or suspension still in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) The head of a Federal department or agency that issues motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operator’s licenses may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to obtain information under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section about an individual applicant for a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  operator’s license from such department or agency. The department
‚ ‚ ‚  or agency may receive the information, provided it transmits to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary a report regarding any individual who is denied a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operator’s license by that department or agency for cause;
‚ ‚ ‚  whose motor vehicle operator’s license is revoked, suspended, or
‚ ‚ ‚  canceled by that department or agency for cause; or about whom the
‚ ‚ ‚  department or agency has been notified of a conviction of any of
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicle-related offenses or comparable offenses listed in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30304(a)(3) and over whom the department or agency has
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing authority. The report shall contain the information
‚ ‚ ‚  specified in section 30304(b).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) An individual who is an officer, chief warrant officer, or
‚ ‚ ‚  enlisted member of the Coast Guard or Coast Guard Reserve
‚ ‚ ‚  (including a cadet or an applicant for appointment or enlistment of
‚ ‚ ‚  any of the foregoing and any member of a uniformed service who is
‚ ‚ ‚  assigned to the Coast Guard) may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to provide information about the individual
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section to the Commandant of the Coast
‚ ‚ ‚  Guard. The Commandant may receive the information and shall make
‚ ‚ ‚  the information available to the individual. Information may not be
‚ ‚ ‚  obtained from the Register under this paragraph if the information
‚ ‚ ‚  was entered in the Register more than 3 years before the request,
‚ ‚ ‚  unless the information is about a revocation or suspension still in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) An individual who is seeking employment by an air carrier as
‚ ‚ ‚  a pilot may request the chief driver licensing official of a State
‚ ‚ ‚  to provide information about the individual under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section to the prospective employer of the individual or to
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation. Information may not be obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  from the National Driver Register under this subsection if the
‚ ‚ ‚  information was entered in the Register more than 5 years before
‚ ‚ ‚  the request unless the information is about a revocation or
‚ ‚ ‚  suspension still in effect on the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) An individual who has or is seeking access to national
‚ ‚ ‚  security information for purposes of Executive Order No. 12968, or
‚ ‚ ‚  any successor Executive order, or an individual who is being
‚ ‚ ‚  investigated for Federal employment under authority of Executive
‚ ‚ ‚  Order No. 10450, or any successor Executive order, may request the
‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing official of a State to provide information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the individual pursuant to subsection (a) of this section to
‚ ‚ ‚  a Federal department or agency that is authorized to investigate
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual for the purpose of assisting in the determination of
‚ ‚ ‚  the eligibility of the individual for access to national security
‚ ‚ ‚  information or for Federal employment in a position requiring
‚ ‚ ‚  access to national security information. A Federal department or
‚ ‚ ‚  agency that receives information about an individual under the
‚ ‚ ‚  preceding sentence may use such information only for purposes of
‚ ‚ ‚  the authorized investigation and only in accordance with applicable
‚ ‚ ‚  law.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (10) A request under this subsection shall be made in the form
‚ ‚ ‚  and way the Secretary of Transportation prescribes by regulation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (11) An individual may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to obtain information about the individual
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) to learn whether information about the individual is being
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provided;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) to verify the accuracy of the information; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) to obtain a certified copy of the information.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (12) The head of a Federal department or agency authorized to
‚ ‚ ‚  receive information regarding an individual from the Register under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section may request and receive such information from the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Relationship to Other Laws. – A request for, or receipt of,
‚ ‚ ‚  information from the Register is subject to sections 552 and 552a
‚ ‚ ‚  of title 5, and other applicable laws of the United States or a
‚ ‚ ‚  State, except that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the Secretary of Transportation may not relay or otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provide information specified in section 30304(b)(1)(A) or (C) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title to a person not authorized by this section to receive
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the information;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) a request for, or receipt of, information by a chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official, or by a person authorized by subsection (b)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section to request and receive the information, is deemed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to be a routine use under section 552a(b) of title 5; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) receipt of information by a person authorized by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section to receive the information is deemed to be a disclosure
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 552a(c) of title 5, except that the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation is not required to retain the accounting made
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 552a(c)(1) for more than 7 years after the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disclosure.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Availability of Information Provided Under Prior Law. –
‚ ‚ ‚  Information provided by a State under the Act of July 14, 1960
‚ ‚ ‚  (Public Law 86-660, 74 Stat. 526), as restated by section 401 of
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730), and under this chapter, shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  available under this section during the transition from the
‚ ‚ ‚  register maintained under that Act to the Register maintained under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 976; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-264, title V, Sec. 502(b), Oct. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 3262; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 104-324, title II, Sec. 207(b), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3908;
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2205; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 335; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 108-375, div. A, title X, Sec. 1061, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  2056.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30305‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 206, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1743; Dec. 30, 1987, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-223, Sec. 305, 101 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1525; June 22, 1988, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-342, Sec. 4(b), 102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 626; Aug. 18, 1990,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 101-380, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  4105(a), 104 Stat. 512.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “on and after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this title [Oct. 25, 1982]” are omitted as obsolete.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “Administrator” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (d) is substituted for the last 2 sentences (added
‚ ‚ ‚  twice by mistake) in paragraphs (1) and (2) and for the last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence in paragraphs (3), (4), and (7)(C) of section 206(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1744) for clarity and to avoid repeating the provision
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessarily.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 105-102, SEC. 2(18)(A)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30305(b)(8), as redesignated by section 207(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚  the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-324, 110
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 3908), to correct an erroneous cross-reference.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 105-102, SEC. 2(18)(B)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30305(b) to redesignate paragraph (8), as
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated by section 502(b)(1) of the Federal Aviation
‚ ‚ ‚  Reauthorization Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-264, 110 Stat. 3262),
‚ ‚ ‚  as paragraph (9), because section 207(b) of the Coast Guard
‚ ‚ ‚  Authorization Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-324, 110 Stat. 3908),
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated paragraph (7) as paragraph (8) but did not redesignate
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (8) as paragraph (9).

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Executive Order No. 12968, referred to in subsec. (b)(9), is set
‚ ‚ ‚  out as a note under section 435 of Title 50, War and National
‚ ‚ ‚  Defense.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Executive Order No. 10450, referred to in subsec. (b)(9), is set
‚ ‚ ‚  out as a note under section 7311 of Title 5, Government
‚ ‚ ‚  Organization and Employees.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act of July 14, 1960, referred to in subsec. (d), is set out as a
‚ ‚ ‚  note under section 30302 of this title.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2004 – Subsec. (b)(9) to (12). Pub. L. 108-375 added par. (9) and
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated former pars. (9) to (11) as (10) to (12),
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(A),
‚ ‚ ‚  inserted before period at end “, unless the information is about a
‚ ‚ ‚  revocation or suspension still in effect on the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  request”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(B), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (6). Former par. (6) redesignated (10).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(C), directed
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment identical to that made by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B).
‚ ‚ ‚  See 1997 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(B)(ii), realigned margins.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(B)(i), directed amendment
‚ ‚ ‚  identical to that made by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(A). See 1997
‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(C), directed
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment identical to that made by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B).
‚ ‚ ‚  See 1997 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(A),
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated par. (6) as (10) and transferred it to appear after
‚ ‚ ‚  par. (9).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(11). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(C), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (11).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B),
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated par. (8), relating to request, as (9).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(A), in par. (8), relating to
‚ ‚ ‚  individual seeking employment as pilot, substituted “subsection (a)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this section” for “paragraph (2)”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B), redesignated par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (8), relating to request, as (9).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 104-324, Sec. 207(b), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (7). Former par. (7), relating to individual seeking employment as
‚ ‚ ‚  pilot, redesignated (8).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-264, Sec. 502(b), added par. (7). Former par. (7),
‚ ‚ ‚  relating to request, redesignated (8).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 104-324, Sec. 207(b), redesignated par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (7), relating to individual seeking employment as pilot, as (8).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-264, Sec. 502(b), redesignated par. (7), relating to
‚ ‚ ‚  request, as (8).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Except as otherwise specifically provided, amendment by Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-264 applicable only to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30,
‚ ‚ ‚  1996, and not to be construed as affecting funds made available for
‚ ‚ ‚  a fiscal year ending before Oct. 1, 1996, see section 3 of Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-264, set out as a note under section 106 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 502(d) of Pub. L. 104-264 provided that: “The amendments
‚ ‚ ‚  made by this section [amending this section and sections 44936 and
‚ ‚ ‚  46301 of this title] shall apply to any air carrier hiring an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual as a pilot whose application was first received by the
‚ ‚ ‚  carrier on or after the 120th day following the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Oct. 9, 1996].”
-TRANS-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of
‚ ‚ ‚  the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of
‚ ‚ ‚  Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic
‚ ‚ ‚  Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization
‚ ‚ ‚  Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 542 of Title 6.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30306‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30306. National Driver Register Advisory Committee

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Organization. – There is a National Driver Register Advisory
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Duties. – The Committee shall advise the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation on –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the efficiency of the maintenance and operation of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the effectiveness of the Register in assisting States in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  exchanging information about motor vehicle driving records.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Composition and Appointment. – The Committee is composed of
‚ ‚ ‚  15 members appointed by the Secretary as follows:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) 3 members appointed from among individuals who are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  specially qualified to serve on the Committee because of their
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  education, training, or experience, and who are not officers or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  employees of the United States Government or a State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) 3 members appointed from among groups outside the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government that represent the interests of bus and trucking
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organizations, enforcement officials, labor, or safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organizations.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) 9 members, geographically representative of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  participating States, appointed from among individuals who are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing officials of participating States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Terms. – (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, the term of each member is 3 years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A vacancy on the Committee shall be filled in the same way as
‚ ‚ ‚  an original appointment. A member appointed to fill a vacancy
‚ ‚ ‚  serves for the remainder of the term of that member’s predecessor.
‚ ‚ ‚  After a member’s term ends, the member may continue to serve until
‚ ‚ ‚  a successor takes office.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Pay and Expenses. – Members of the Committee serve without
‚ ‚ ‚  pay. However, the Secretary may reimburse a member for reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚  travel expenses incurred by the member in attending meetings of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Meetings, Chairman, Vice Chairman, and Quorum. – (1) The
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee shall meet at least once a year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Committee shall elect a Chairman and a Vice Chairman from
‚ ‚ ‚  among its members.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Eight members are a quorum.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) The Committee shall meet at the call of the Chairman or a
‚ ‚ ‚  majority of the members.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Personnel and Services. – The Secretary may provide the
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee with personnel, penalty mail privileges, and similar
‚ ‚ ‚  services the Secretary considers necessary to assist the Committee
‚ ‚ ‚  in carrying out its duties and powers under this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Reports. – At least once a year, the Committee shall submit
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Secretary a report on the matters specified in subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b) of this section. The report shall include any recommendations
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Committee for changes in the Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) Relationship to Other Laws. – The Committee is exempt from
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 10(e) and (f) and 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act
‚ ‚ ‚  (5 App. U.S.C.).

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 978.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30306‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 209, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1746.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the word “hereby” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the text of section 209(c)(2) of the National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1746) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g), the words “The Secretary may provide the
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee” are substituted for “The Advisory Committee may receive
‚ ‚ ‚  from the Secretary” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the cross-reference is used to avoid repeating
‚ ‚ ‚  the same language twice in this section.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sections 10 and 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act,
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsec. (i), are sections 10 and 14 of Pub. L. 92-
‚ ‚ ‚  463, which are set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government
‚ ‚ ‚  Organization and Employees.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30307‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30307. Criminal penalties

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Penalty. – A person (except an individual described
‚ ‚ ‚  in section 30305(b)(6) (!1) of this title) shall be fined under
‚ ‚ ‚  title 18, imprisoned for not more than one year, or both, if –

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the person receives under section 30305 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information specified in section 30304(b)(1)(A) or (C) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) disclosure of the information is not authorized by section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30305 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the person willfully discloses the information knowing that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disclosure is not authorized.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Information Penalty. – A person knowingly and willfully
‚ ‚ ‚  requesting, or under false pretenses obtaining, information
‚ ‚ ‚  specified in section 30304(b)(1)(A) or (C) of this title from a
‚ ‚ ‚  person receiving the information under section 30305 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚  shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than one
‚ ‚ ‚  year, or both.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 979.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30307‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 208, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1746; Dec. 30, 1987, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-223, Sec. 305(b)(1), 101
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1526.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the words “fined under title 18” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “fined not more than $10,000” for consistency with title 18.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the reference to “section
‚ ‚ ‚  30305(b)(6) of this title” is used to carry out the probable intent
‚ ‚ ‚  of Congress. Section 305(b)(1) of the Airport and Airway Safety and
‚ ‚ ‚  Capacity Expansion Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-223, 101 Stat. 1526)
‚ ‚ ‚  amended section 206(b) of the National Driver Register Act of 1982
‚ ‚ ‚  (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1744) by “redesignating paragraphs (3)
‚ ‚ ‚  and (4), and any reference thereto, as paragraphs (4) and (5),
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively”. Because the reference to “section 206(b)(4)” in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 208 of the National Driver Register Act of 1982 appears to
‚ ‚ ‚  have been incorrect before that amendment, and would continue to be
‚ ‚ ‚  incorrect if the reference is redesignated as required by the
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment, a reference to section 30305(b)(6) is used in this
‚ ‚ ‚  section to carry out the probable intent of Congress.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 30305(b) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a), was
‚ ‚ ‚  amended by Pub. L. 105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(A), (B), June
‚ ‚ ‚  9, 1998, 112 Stat. 336, which added a new par. (6) and redesignated
‚ ‚ ‚  former par. (6) as (10).

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) See References in Text note below.
-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30308‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30308. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – The Secretary of Transportation shall make
‚ ‚ ‚  available from amounts made available to carry out section 402 of
‚ ‚ ‚  title 23 $4,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September
‚ ‚ ‚  30, 1993, and September 30, 1994, $2,550,000 for each of fiscal
‚ ‚ ‚  years 1995, 1996, and 1997, and $1,855,000 for the period of
‚ ‚ ‚  October 1, 1997, through March 31, 1998, to carry out this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Availability of Amounts. – Amounts authorized under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section remain available until expended.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 979; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-331, title III, Sec. 343, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2496; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 103-429, Sec. 6(25), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380; Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  59, title III, Sec. 343, Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 610; Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  287, Sec. 5(59), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3394; Pub. L. 105-18,
‚ ‚ ‚  title II, Sec. 8004, June 12, 1997, 111 Stat. 195; Pub. L. 105-130,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 6(c), Dec. 1, 1997, 111 Stat. 2559.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30308‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 211, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1747; Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2007, 105‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2080.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the text of section 211(a) of the National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1747) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed. The words “and the provisions of Public Law 86-
‚ ‚ ‚  660 (74 Stat. 526)” and references to fiscal years 1983-1987 and
‚ ‚ ‚  1992 are omitted as obsolete. The word “section” in the source
‚ ‚ ‚  provision is translated as if it were “title” to reflect the
‚ ‚ ‚  apparent intent of Congress.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30308(b) to correct an error in the codification
‚ ‚ ‚  enacted by section 1 of the Act of July 5, 1994 (Public Law 103-
‚ ‚ ‚  272, 108 Stat. 979).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 104-287‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30308 to correct a grammatical error.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-130 substituted “1994,” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “1994, and” and inserted “and $1,855,000 for the period of October
‚ ‚ ‚  1, 1997, through March 31, 1998,” after “1997,”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-18 substituted “, 1996, and 1997” for “and 1996”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-287 inserted a comma after
‚ ‚ ‚  “September 30, 1994”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-59 substituted “and $2,550,000
‚ ‚ ‚  for each of fiscal years 1995 and 1996” for “and $2,550,000 for
‚ ‚ ‚  fiscal year 1995”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-331 inserted “and $2,550,000 for
‚ ‚ ‚  fiscal year 1995” after “1994”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “authorized” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “appropriated”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  INFORMATION SYSTEM‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM‚ ‚ 

-MISC1-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30501.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Definitions.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Motor Vehicle Title Information System.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State participation.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30504.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Reporting requirements.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30505.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Penalties and enforcement.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  amended directory language of Pub. L. 104-152. See 1996 Amendment
‚ ‚ ‚  note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384,
‚ ‚ ‚  as amended by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  2215, substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System”
‚ ‚ ‚  for “National Automobile Title Information System” in chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  heading and in item 30502.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30501‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30501. Definitions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “automobile” has the same meaning given that term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 32901(a) of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “certificate of title” means a document issued by a State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  showing ownership of an automobile.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “insurance carrier” means an individual or entity engaged
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the business of underwriting automobile insurance.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “junk automobile” means an automobile that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) is incapable of operating on public streets, roads, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  highways; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) has no value except as a source of parts or scrap.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) “junk yard” means an individual or entity engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  business of acquiring or owning junk automobiles for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) resale in their entirety or as spare parts; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) rebuilding, restoration, or crushing.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) “operator” means the individual or entity authorized or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designated as the operator of the National Motor Vehicle Title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Information System under section 30502(b) of this title, or the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General, if there is no authorized or designated
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  individual or entity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) “salvage automobile” means an automobile that is damaged by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  collision, fire, flood, accident, trespass, or other event, to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the extent that its fair salvage value plus the cost of repairing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the automobile for legal operation on public streets, roads, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  highways would be more than the fair market value of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile immediately before the event that caused the damage.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) “salvage yard” means an individual or entity engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  business of acquiring or owning salvage automobiles for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) resale in their entirety or as spare parts; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) rebuilding, restoration, or crushing.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) “State” means a State of the United States or the District
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Columbia.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 979; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(c), 3(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30501‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2041.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 201, 106 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  3389.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the word “showing” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “evidencing” to use a more commonly understood term.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(3), (5), and (8), the words “individual or
‚ ‚ ‚  entity” are substituted for “individual, corporation, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  entity” for clarity and consistency in the revised title and with
‚ ‚ ‚  other titles of the United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(4) and (7), the words “public streets, roads,
‚ ‚ ‚  and highways” are substituted for “roads or highways” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(6), the words “National Automobile Title
‚ ‚ ‚  Information System” are substituted for “information system” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The words “no authorized or designated individual or
‚ ‚ ‚  entity” are substituted for “no such individual or entity is
‚ ‚ ‚  authorized” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(7), the word “event” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “occurrence” for clarity and consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The text of 15:2041(9) is omitted because the complete title of
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation is used the first time the term
‚ ‚ ‚  appears in a section.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Par. (6). Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language of
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Par. (6). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “Attorney General” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  3(b), substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System”
‚ ‚ ‚  for “National Automobile Title Information System”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30502‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30502. National Motor Vehicle Title Information System

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Establishment or Designation. – (1) In cooperation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  States and not later than December 31, 1997, the Attorney General
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish a National Motor Vehicle Title Information System
‚ ‚ ‚  that will provide individuals and entities referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (e) of this section with instant and reliable access to
‚ ‚ ‚  information maintained by the States related to automobile titling
‚ ‚ ‚  described in subsection (d) of this section. However, if the
‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General decides that the existing information system meets
‚ ‚ ‚  the requirements of subsections (d) and (e) of this section and
‚ ‚ ‚  will permit the Attorney General to carry out this chapter as early
‚ ‚ ‚  as possible, the Attorney General, in consultation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation, may designate an existing information
‚ ‚ ‚  system as the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) In cooperation with the Secretary of Transportation and the
‚ ‚ ‚  States, the Attorney General shall ascertain the extent to which
‚ ‚ ‚  title and related information to be included in the system
‚ ‚ ‚  established under paragraph (1) of this subsection will be
‚ ‚ ‚  adequate, timely, reliable, uniform, and capable of assisting in
‚ ‚ ‚  efforts to prevent the introduction or reintroduction of stolen
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles and parts into interstate commerce.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Operation. – The Attorney General may authorize the operation
‚ ‚ ‚  of the System established or designated under subsection (a)(1) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section by agreement with one or more States, or by
‚ ‚ ‚  designating, after consulting with the States, a third party that
‚ ‚ ‚  represents the interests of the States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) User Fees. – Operation of the System established or
‚ ‚ ‚  designated under subsection (a)(1) of this section shall be paid
‚ ‚ ‚  for by user fees and should be self-sufficient and not be dependent
‚ ‚ ‚  on amounts from the United States Government. The amount of fees
‚ ‚ ‚  the operator collects and keeps under this subsection subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  annual appropriation laws, excluding fees the operator collects and
‚ ‚ ‚  pays to an entity providing information to the operator, may be not
‚ ‚ ‚  more than the costs of operating the System.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Information Requirements. – The System established or
‚ ‚ ‚  designated under subsection (a)(1) of this section shall permit a
‚ ‚ ‚  user of the System at least to establish instantly and reliably –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the validity and status of a document purporting to be a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) whether an automobile bearing a known vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification number is titled in a particular State;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) whether an automobile known to be titled in a particular
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State is or has been a junk automobile or a salvage automobile;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) for an automobile known to be titled in a particular State,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the odometer mileage disclosure required under section 32705 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title for that automobile on the date the certificate of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title for that automobile was issued and any later mileage
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information, if noted by the State; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) whether an automobile bearing a known vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification number has been reported as a junk automobile or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  salvage automobile under section 30504 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Availability of Information. – (1) The operator shall make
‚ ‚ ‚  available –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) to a participating State on request of that State,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information in the System about any automobile;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) to a Government, State, or local law enforcement official
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on request of that official, information in the System about a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  particular automobile, junk yard, or salvage yard;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) to a prospective purchaser of an automobile on request of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that purchaser, including an auction company or entity engaged in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the business of purchasing used automobiles, information in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  System about that automobile; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) to a prospective or current insurer of an automobile on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  request of that insurer, information in the System about that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The operator may release only the information reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection. The operator may not collect an individual’s social
‚ ‚ ‚  security account number or permit users of the System to obtain an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual’s address or social security account number.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Immunity. – Any person performing any activity under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section or sections 30503 or 30504 in good faith and with the
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable belief that such activity was in accordance with this
‚ ‚ ‚  section or section 30503 or 30504, as the case may be, shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  immune from any civil action respecting such activity which is
‚ ‚ ‚  seeking money damages or equitable relief in any court of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States or a State.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 980; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(a), (c), 3, 4, July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(a)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 202, 106 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  3390.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(a)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(a)(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “January 31, 1996” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “January 1996” for clarity. The words “National
‚ ‚ ‚  Automobile Title Information System” are substituted for “National
‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Title Information System” for clarity and consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  because the defined term in the source provisions being restated is
‚ ‚ ‚  “automobile”. The words “individuals and entities referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (e) of this section” are substituted for “States and
‚ ‚ ‚  others”, the words “information maintained by the States related to
‚ ‚ ‚  automobile titling described in subsection (d) of this section” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “information maintained by other States pertaining
‚ ‚ ‚  to the titling of automobiles”, and the words “existing information
‚ ‚ ‚  system” are substituted for “such system”, for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “In cooperation with” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “working with” for clarity and consistency in the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title and with other titles of the United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the word “agreement” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “contract through an agreement” to eliminate unnecessary words. The
‚ ‚ ‚  word “designating” is substituted for “redesignating” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “user fees” are substituted for “a
‚ ‚ ‚  system of user fees” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “amounts from the United States Government” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Federal funds” for clarity and consistency in the revised titles
‚ ‚ ‚  and with other titles of the Code. The word “pays” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “passed on” for clarity. The word “entity” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “State or other entity” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(4), the words “the odometer mileage disclosure
‚ ‚ ‚  required” are substituted for “the odometer reading information”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and the words “any later mileage information” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “any such later odometer information”, for consistency with section
‚ ‚ ‚  32705 of the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e)(2), the words “The operator may release only
‚ ‚ ‚  the information necessary” are substituted for “Notwithstanding any
‚ ‚ ‚  provision of paragraphs (1) through (4), the operator shall release
‚ ‚ ‚  no information other than what is necessary” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “social security account number” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “social security number” for consistency with
‚ ‚ ‚  42:405.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language of Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment notes below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102,
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted “Motor Vehicle” for “Automobile” in section catchline.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), which directed the
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment of this section by striking each reference to “Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation” or “Secretary” and inserting “Attorney General”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(b), which directed the striking of each
‚ ‚ ‚  reference to “Attorney General” and inserting “Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation”, were executed simultaneously, to reflect the
‚ ‚ ‚  probable intent of Congress. See below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3, substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General shall” for “Secretary of Transportation shall”, “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General decides” for “Secretary decides”, “permit the Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “permit the Secretary”, and “Attorney General, in
‚ ‚ ‚  consultation with the Secretary of Transportation” for “Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚  in consultation with the Attorney General”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102,
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “National Automobile Title Information System” in two places.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(a), substituted “December 31, 1967” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “January 31, 1966”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3, substituted “Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation” for “Attorney General” and “Attorney General”
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Secretary”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “Secretary”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 4, added subsec. (f).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVENESS OF SYSTEM‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 6(c) of Pub. L. 104-152 provided that: “The information
‚ ‚ ‚  system established under section 30502 of title 49, United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Code, shall be effective as provided in the rules promulgated by
‚ ‚ ‚  the Attorney General.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30503‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30503. State participation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) State Information. – Each State shall make titling
‚ ‚ ‚  information maintained by that State available for use in operating
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System established or
‚ ‚ ‚  designated under section 30502 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Verification Checks. – Each State shall establish a practice
‚ ‚ ‚  of performing an instant title verification check before issuing a
‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title to an individual or entity claiming to have
‚ ‚ ‚  purchased an automobile from an individual or entity in another
‚ ‚ ‚  State. The check shall consist of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) communicating to the operator –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the vehicle identification number of the automobile for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the certificate of title is sought;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the name of the State that issued the most recent
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title for the automobile; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the name of the individual or entity to whom the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title was issued; and

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) giving the operator an opportunity to communicate to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  participating State the results of a search of the information.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Grants to States. – (1) In cooperation with the States and
‚ ‚ ‚  not later than January 1, 1994, the Attorney General shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) conduct a review of systems used by the States to compile
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and maintain information about the titling of automobiles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) determine for each State the cost of making titling
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information maintained by that State available to the operator to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  meet the requirements of section 30502(d) of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Attorney General may make reasonable and necessary grants
‚ ‚ ‚  to participating States to be used in making titling information
‚ ‚ ‚  maintained by those States available to the operator.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Report to Congress. – Not later than October 1, 1998, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General shall report to Congress on which States have met
‚ ‚ ‚  the requirements of this section. If a State has not met the
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements, the Attorney General shall describe the impediments
‚ ‚ ‚  that have resulted in the State’s failure to meet the requirements.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 981; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(b), (c), 3(a), 6(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384,
‚ ‚ ‚  1385; Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(a)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 203, 106 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  3391.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(a)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “for use in operating . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  established or designated” are substituted for “for use in
‚ ‚ ‚  establishing . . . established” for clarity and for consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  with the source provisions restated in section 30502 of the revised
‚ ‚ ‚  title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words “The check” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Such instant title verification check” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In subclauses (A) and (B), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “of the automobile” are substituted for “of the vehicle” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the revised chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1)(B), the words “section 30502(d) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title” are substituted for “subsection (b)” to reflect the apparent
‚ ‚ ‚  intent of Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2)(A), before subclause (i), the words “is not
‚ ‚ ‚  more than the lesser of” are substituted for “does not exceed . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  whichever is lower” for clarity. In subclause (i), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “subsection (d)(1)(B)” to reflect the apparent intent of Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2)(B), the word “fair” is omitted as being
‚ ‚ ‚  included in “reasonable”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language of
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title
‚ ‚ ‚  Information System” for “National Automobile Title Information
‚ ‚ ‚  System”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 6(a), amended par. (2)
‚ ‚ ‚  generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may make grants to participating States to be used in
‚ ‚ ‚  making titling information maintained by those States available to
‚ ‚ ‚  the operator if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) the grant to a State is not more than the lesser of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) 25 percent of the cost of making titling information
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  maintained by that State available to the operator as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determined by the Secretary under paragraph (1)(B) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) $300,000; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) the Secretary decides that the grants are reasonable and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to establish the System.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-152, Secs. 2(b), 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “October 1, 1998” for “January 1, 1997” and substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “Secretary” in two places.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30504‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30504. Reporting requirements

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Junk Yard and Salvage Yard Operators. – (1) Beginning at a
‚ ‚ ‚  time established by the Attorney General that is not sooner than
‚ ‚ ‚  the 3d month before the establishment or designation of the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Motor Vehicle Title Information System under section 30502
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title, an individual or entity engaged in the business of
‚ ‚ ‚  operating a junk yard or salvage yard shall file a monthly report
‚ ‚ ‚  with the operator of the System. The report shall contain an
‚ ‚ ‚  inventory of all junk automobiles or salvage automobiles obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  by the junk yard or salvage yard during the prior month. The
‚ ‚ ‚  inventory shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the vehicle identification number of each automobile
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the date on which the automobile was obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the name of the individual or entity from whom the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile was obtained; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) a statement of whether the automobile was crushed or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disposed of for sale or other purposes.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection does not apply to an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual or entity –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) required by State law to report the acquisition of junk
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobiles or salvage automobiles to State or local authorities
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  if those authorities make that information available to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operator; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) issued a verification under section 33110 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  stating that the automobile or parts from the automobile are not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reported as stolen.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Insurance Carriers. – Beginning at a time established by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General that is not sooner than the 3d month before the
‚ ‚ ‚  establishment or designation of the System, an individual or entity
‚ ‚ ‚  engaged in business as an insurance carrier shall file a monthly
‚ ‚ ‚  report with the operator. The report may be filed directly or
‚ ‚ ‚  through a designated agent. The report shall contain an inventory
‚ ‚ ‚  of all automobiles of the current model year or any of the 4 prior
‚ ‚ ‚  model years that the carrier, during the prior month, has obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  possession of and has decided are junk automobiles or salvage
‚ ‚ ‚  automobiles. The inventory shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the vehicle identification number of each automobile
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the date on which the automobile was obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the name of the individual or entity from whom the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile was obtained; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) the name of the owner of the automobile at the time of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  filing of the report.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Procedures and Practices. – The Attorney General shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish by regulation procedures and practices to facilitate
‚ ‚ ‚  reporting in the least burdensome and costly fashion.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 982; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(c), 3(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30504(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 204(a), (b),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d), 106 Stat. 3392, 3393.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30504(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30504(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “Beginning at
‚ ‚ ‚  a time established by the Secretary of Transportation that is not
‚ ‚ ‚  sooner than the 3d month before the establishment or designation
‚ ‚ ‚  of” are substituted for “Beginning at a time determined by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary, but no earlier than 3 months prior to the establishment
‚ ‚ ‚  of” for clarity and consistency with the source provisions restated
‚ ‚ ‚  in section 30502 of the revised title. The words “engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚  business” are substituted for “in the business” for consistency in
‚ ‚ ‚  the revised chapter. The words “junk yard or salvage yard” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “automobile junk yard or automobile salvage yard”
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the definitions of “junk yard” and “salvage yard” in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30501 of the revised title. The words “with the operator of
‚ ‚ ‚  the System” are substituted for “with the operator” for clarity. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clauses (A), (C), and (D), the words “each automobile” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “each vehicle”, and the words “the automobile” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “the vehicle”, for consistency in the revised
‚ ‚ ‚  title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2)(B), the word “automobile” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “vehicle” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (b), before clause (1), the words “Beginning at a
‚ ‚ ‚  time established by the Secretary that is not sooner than the 3d
‚ ‚ ‚  month before the establishment or designation of” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Beginning at a time determined by the Secretary, but no
‚ ‚ ‚  earlier than 3 months prior to the establishment of” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency with the source provisions restated in section
‚ ‚ ‚  30502 of the revised title. In clauses (1), (3), and (4), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “each automobile” are substituted for “each vehicle”, and the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “the automobile” are substituted for “the vehicle”, for consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  in the revised title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “Attorney General” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102,
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “National Automobile Title Information System”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “Attorney General” for “Secretary”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30505‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30505. Penalties and enforcement

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Penalty. – An individual or entity violating this chapter is
‚ ‚ ‚  liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not
‚ ‚ ‚  more than $1,000 for each violation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Collection and Compromise. – (1) The Attorney General shall
‚ ‚ ‚  impose a civil penalty under this section. The Attorney General
‚ ‚ ‚  shall bring a civil action to collect the penalty. The Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General may compromise the amount of the penalty. In determining
‚ ‚ ‚  the amount of the penalty or compromise, the Attorney General shall
‚ ‚ ‚  consider the appropriateness of the penalty to the size of the
‚ ‚ ‚  business of the individual or entity charged and the gravity of the
‚ ‚ ‚  violation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Government may deduct the amount of a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  imposed or compromised under this section from amounts it owes the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual or entity liable for the penalty.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 983; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Sec. 3(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30505‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 204(c), 106‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 3393.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “An individual or entity violating
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter is liable to the United States Government for a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty of” are substituted for “Whoever violates this section may
‚ ‚ ‚  be assessed a civil penalty of not to exceed” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “individual or entity” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “person” for clarity and consistency with the
‚ ‚ ‚  source provisions restated in the revised chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall impose a civil penalty under this section. The Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General shall bring a civil action to collect the penalty” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Any such penalty shall be assessed by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary and collected in a civil action brought by the Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General of the United States” for clarity and consistency in the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title and with other titles of the Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “penalty imposed or compromised”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “such penalty, finally determined, or the
‚ ‚ ‚  amount agreed upon in compromise”, and the words “liable for the
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty” are substituted for “charged”, for clarity and consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  in the revised title and other titles of the Code.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104-152 substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General shall impose” for “Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  impose”, “Attorney General may compromise” for “Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  compromise”, and “Attorney General shall consider” for “Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall consider”.

-End-